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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... as well as easier to cast, weld, form, and machine. It also discusses some of the alloying techniques that have been developed to address problems stemming from dissimilarities between the base metal and alloying or inoculate material. alloying mechanical properties Introduction and Overview...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... matrix supporting the carbide phase can be adjusted via alloy content and heat treatment to optimize the balance between abrasion resistance and impact toughness. It also describes the effect of alloying elements and inoculants on various properties and behaviors and provides information on commercial...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... intricate shapes. This chapter examines these unique properties and how they are derived. It begins by describing the basic metallurgy of cast iron, focusing on the eutectic reaction. It explains how to control the reaction and thus properties of cast iron by overcooling and inoculation. The chapter also...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... relieving Composition Elevated-temperature properties Introduction and Overview Composition Control Alloying Practices Effects of Alloying on Properties Effects of Inoculation on Properties Effects of Alloying on Elevated-Temperature Properties Effects of Alloying on Corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... ductile iron hardenability normalizing alloying elements nodulizing agents Composition Elevated-temperature properties Introduction and Overview Composition Control and Effects of Alloying Elements Magnesium Treatment Effects of Inoculation on Properties Effects of Alloying...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... and promoting spheroidal graphite, and (2) inoculation (actually postinoculation, i.e., after the magnesium treatment), to increase the nodule count. Increasing the nodule count is important, because a higher nodule count is associated with less chilling tendency ( Fig. 24.19 ) and a higher as-cast ferrite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... of small intentional additions of other elements and compounds (inoculants) to beryllium to improve casting behavior. A detailed thermal analysis of cooling within the beryllium mold and radiographic analysis of the cast structure in various sections of the 23 by 23 by 51 cm beryllium ingot have been...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... to promote pearlite Magnesium Intentional addition (magnesium ferrosilicon) ND Promotes carbides and retards mottling Aluminum Ferroalloys and residual aluminum in steel, and in inoculants 0.003–0.20 0.03–0.05% decreases nodule number; over 0.05%, it increases the nodule number and increases...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
..., there is a mixture of white and gray; such regions are referred to as mottled. Fig. 16.3 Chill casting showing white, gray, and mottled areas As the silicon content of the cast iron increases, the chill depth decreases. By adding certain chemical elements, called inoculants, to the liquid iron ladle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Aging Annealing Recrystallization Annealing Spheroidizing Tempering Carburizing Malleabilizing Inoculation Friction Effects Void Formation during Creep Hydrogen Damage Corrosion Effects Improper Cutting Improper Machining In many cases, the original...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... a large and variable grain size when cast, they must be inoculated during casting. For those alloys that do not contain zirconium, the melt is refined by the addition of small briquettes of volatile carbon-containing compound. Grain refinement occurs to the inoculation of the melt with Al 4 C 3 or AlN...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... involves all of the steps noted previously but no special control over the heat transfer or grain nucleation processes. For PC castings, modifications to mold design and inoculants were introduced with success in the control of grain size. Certain heat transfer adjustments were made as well; however...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... on the acceptance or rejection of the hypothesis Adding a certain amount of a given inoculant results in the formation of a certain type of graphite. The thickness of the critical section, below which a given cast iron composition will solidify as a white iron, depends on the sulfur content in the alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... the effect of fungi on plastics. First, each specimen surface is inoculated with a spore suspension. The specimens are then allowed to incubate in an environment of high relative humidity (85% or higher) and at a temperature of approximately 30 °C (85 °F). The duration of the incubation period...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... laboratory is in an iron foundry that manufactures pearlitic ductile cast iron (nodular cast iron) crankshafts with a limited number of sizes and shapes. Ductile cast iron (discussed in Chapters 1 and 2 ) is produced by inoculating molten iron with magnesium. The magnesium provides nuclei on which...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... treatment, was based on this concept and was used for a short time (but subsequently discontinued) by a major casting house in the United States. Further control of the microstructure in titanium cast parts can be accomplished by way of refinement of the beta grains using inoculants in a manner similar...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... of the alloy can be enhanced in the growth direction. In contrast, an equiaxed microstructure can be formed by inoculation, and there is no long-range orientation. Eutectic microstructures, as seen in metallographic section, are two-dimensional images of a three-dimensional arrangement of two (or more...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ascaam.t59190001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-296-9
.../rsta.2002.1137 33. Pineda D.A. and Martorano M.A. , Columnar to Equiaxed Transition in Directional Solidification of Inoculated Melts , Acta Mater. , Vol 61 , 2013 , p 1785 – 1797 10.1016/j.actamat.2012.12.002 34. Pavlovic-Krstic J. , “ Impact of Casting Parameters...