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infrared heating

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... heat during operation; this is due to the power dissipation associated with the excess current flow at the defect site. There are several thermal detection techniques for failure analysis including liquid-crystal imaging, fluorescent microthermal imaging (FMI), and infrared (IR) thermography. Both...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... point, and infrared. The chapter concludes with an overview of the development of integrated control systems. References References 1. Tenney A.S. III , Temperature Control , Heat Treating , Vol 4 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1991 , p 529 – 541 2. Boyer H.E...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract Temperature is a critical process parameter in the heat treatment and forging of steel and must be accurately measured to properly control it. This appendix discusses the operating principles of thermocouples and infrared pyrometers, describing the various types as well...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... or bit Flame or torch soldering Hot dip soldering Induction soldering Resistance soldering Furnace soldering Infrared soldering Ultrasonic soldering Wave soldering Laser soldering Hot gas soldering Vapor-phase soldering The proper application of heat is of paramount...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... for photoluminescence or RF radiation for microwave reflection decay measurements [10-13]. Emission imaging of photovoltaics covers the full spectrum from the infrared to visible range with each range providing different information. In the infrared, thermal emission can be used to image local heating as discussed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... infrared radiation according to the Planck blackbody law. This property may be used to detect heat from short circuits via infrared microscopy. Figure 33 This is a thermal infrared image of a GaAs radio frequency amplifier. The circuit isn’t powered and there is no external illumination...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... approach pertinent to structure analysis. This is followed by a review of the characterization of plastics by infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The article then provides information on the distribution of molecular weight of an engineering plastic. It further discusses the methods used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Table 1 Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Test method Properties measured Use in failure analysis Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) Molecular bond structure Material identification...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... (a) and solvent (b) selection guides. Source: Alltech Associates Fig. 5 Functioning of gel permeation chromatography Fig. 7 Liquid-solid separation by affinity in liquid-solid chromatography Fig. 12 Infrared spectrum of nitrile phenolic resin Fig. 2 Liquid chromatographic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... for Using Thermocouples in RF Induction Heating Applications Concept of Distributed Control Interfacing/Connecting Control-System Components Optical Pyrometers Infrared Pyrometers Theory of Operation of Infrared Pyrometers Fiber Optics Sighting of Pyrometers Ultrasonic Methods...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... was identified to be a crack under the bump. Figure 6 Red box highlights the location of short identified using IR Lock-in Thermography. Figure 7 Super imposition of X-Ray image with IR lock-in Thermography image identified the location of heat source to be in the package; between bond wires...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... 2330 Specific heat (c) (J Kg -1 K -1 ) 896 1400 703 Thermal Conductivity (K) (W m-1 K-1) 246 1.4 141 Absorption coefficient (D) (cm -1 ) 1.3x10 6 0 NA Reflectivity (R) @ 1.3 Pm 97% 0 NA Seebeck coefficients for different materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... temperature falls. Since defects cause differences in heat conduction, the surface temperature cools at a different rate above a defect than in a defect-free area. The surface of the part is monitored with an infrared camera that collects the radiation from the surface. Imaging software is then used...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... two or more conductors. Infrared Thermography is widely used within the semiconductor packaging failure analysis due to its thermal imaging capability. Its application ranges from absolute temperature measurements to the detection of local heat sources due to electrical shorting. In the past...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... and vertical portions of the die assembly [ Chen et al., 1977 ]. The vertical part contains gas-fired, infrared heating elements, whereas the horizontal part contains resistance heater rods set into Waspaloy heater plates directly above the top die insert and die holder and below the bottom die insert...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... 3.17 shows a system schematic for the use of an infrared pyrometer during the induction hardening of a crankshaft. Systems such as this may be either closed loop, with the pyrometer controlling the heating cycle, or open loop, with the pyrometer acting as an over-temperature shutoff control. Most...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... if they are outside their specified hardness range. For example, if steel is heat treated to a hardness level that is too high, it may fail in a brittle manner. Similarly, if it is too soft, it may fail in a ductile manner. If the fault tree hypothesizes such situations, it is relatively easy to perform a hardness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.9781627082815
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... reflective mirror finish, and this finish is particularly effective at infrared wavelengths. Beryllium can be plated with nickel, silver, gold, and aluminum, and the surface can be anodized or chromate conversion coated to provide a measure of corrosion resistance. Beryllium can be machined to extremely...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... (c) Image focused on interposer (d) Compilation of 100 images reconstructed to show laminate, corner defect, and die in focus Figure 17 (a) Optical image of the back of a flip-chip mounted die showing mechanical damage to corner (b) Infrared imaging shows that the damage extends...