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image composition

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
..., sample tilt and image composition, focus and astigmatism correction, dynamic focus and image correction, raster alignment, and adjusting brightness and contrast. The article also provides information on achieving ultra-high resolution in the SEM. It concludes with information on the general...
Image
Published: 01 December 2006
Fig. 5.83 Structure of extruded copper/palladium-composite material. Micrograph image width is approximately 3.6 mm More
Image
Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 11 High resolution ToF SIMS images of two pins, showing chemical composition of the surrounding area of good device. Remark, for collection of negative ions sample is rotated for 90 degrees. More
Image
Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 12 High resolution ToF SIMS images of two pins, showing chemical composition of the surrounding area of the failed device as well as dendrite formed between pins. Remark, for collection of negative ions sample is rotated for 90 degrees. More
Image
Published: 01 June 2016
Fig. 7.14 Scanning electron microscope images showing the microstructure of composite coatings on SS316L substrate. (a) and (b) MM coating sprayed by cold spray and pulsed gas dynamic spray (PGDS), respectively. (c) and (d) CM coatings sprayed by cold spray and PGDS, respectively. Each image More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.47 Composite image from three micrographs with orthogonal orientations from a banded low carbon steel plate. Ferrite and pearlite. L = longitudinal, T = transverse, S = short transverse. Courtesy of H. Badheshia, University of Cambridge. More
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 11.48 Composite image from three micrographs with orthogonal orientations from a plate of HY-100 steel, slow cooled from the austenitic region. Banded structure. Ferrite, acicular ferrite, bainite, and martensite. L = longitudinal, T = transverse, S = short transverse. Etchant: nital 2 More
Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 5.15 Image of a composite cross section dyed with Rhodamine B in solution. Viewed using epi-fluorescence, 390–440 nm excitation, 25× objective. The use of the dye was necessary to distinguish the multiple phases within the matrix. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
...) to produce an instrument that will give a high-quality macroimage with preset conditions. With the correct components and careful alignment, a high-quality image can be obtained ( Fig. 5.1 ). Fig. 5.1 Carbon fiber composite/honeycomb chamfer area. Bright-field illumination, 5× objective. 4 × 5 in. 14...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... the secondary electron image. Gold sputtering is essential for nonconducting surfaces (e.g., oxide layers) as well as surfaces containing large cavities. The sputtered layer is applied uniformly using a special device shown in Fig. 6.23 . If EDS analysis is required to qualitatively analyze the composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... and produces an image that is representative of the three-dimensional sample ( Ref 5.9 ). On account of such distinct advantages, the scanning electron microscope has emerged as a very popular tool in failure investigation from a topographic, morphological, and compositional analysis point of view...
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
morphology is similar to those observed in the solidification of austenitic castings with bad selection of chemical composition. (In this case, the weld metal composition was excessively changed by diluting the engineering steel in the lower part of the image, generating conditions favorable to cracking More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... on the dimensions of feature of interest, elemental composition of sample and the requirements of various TEM techniques. For example, if more than one device feature is included in TEM section, the resulting 2D image may be a complex projection of overlapping 3D features. It can become very difficult to extract...
Image
Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 23 STEM-HAADF mass-contrast image clearly shows dark contrast at the interface, indicative of light elemental composition. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... to the martensite, and it is due to this austenite that the hardness is found to decrease at compositions above approximately 0.9% C in Fig. 4.13 . If a plate martensite contains little to no retained austenite, the individual plates do not stand out ( Fig. 4.15c ), although they can be imaged clearly in a type...
Image
Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 17.107 Malleable cast iron, as cast (before the malleabilization heat treatment). The region close to the surface (to the right of the image) shows the formation of graphite due either to deviation in chemical composition or changes caused by the mold material. Courtesy of J. Sertucha More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... and constituents of the matrix and composite material. Figure 14.1(a) shows a micrograph of an as-processed epoxy woven glass fabric composite with an epoxy surfacing film. In this image, there is no surface degradation. When the composite was subjected to a temperature of 204 °C (400 °F) for a period of time...
Image
Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 3.24 Scanning electron micrograph (backscattered image) showing the oxide scales formed on the outside diameter of Type 321 tube (from supplier B) exposed to air at approximately 620 to 670 °C (1150 to 1240 °F) for 1008 hours. EDX analysis was performed to determine the chemical More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the use of electron microscopy in metallographic analysis. It explains how electrons interact with metals and how these interactions can be harnessed to produce two- and three-dimensional images of metal surfaces and generate crystallographic and compositional...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... material was shown in Fig. 6.1 . At low magnification, bright field shows the composite with good contrast. Hoffman modulation contrast at 100× and DIC at 200× are used to bring out the sample features at higher magnification. Color and/or light-intensity effects shown in the image are related...