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hydrogen permeation

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of Superalloys ,” Metall. Trans. A , Vol 32 , 1992 , p 237 – 248 10.1007/BF02660868 28. Berkowitz B.J. , Kurkela M. , and Latanision R.M. , Effect of Ordering on the Hydrogen Permeation and Embrittlement of Ni 2 Cr , Hydrogen Effects in Metals , Bernstein I.M. and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... stability diagrams. It provides an extensive amount of high-temperature corrosion data for metals and alloys in gaseous environments containing chlorine and hydrogen chloride; fluorine and hydrogen fluoride; bromine and hydrogen bromide; and iodine and hydrogen iodide. halogen gases high-temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... corrosion; galvanic corrosion; erosion-corrosion, including cavitation erosion and fretting corrosion; intergranular corrosion, including sensitization and exfoliation; dealloying; environmentally assisted cracking, including stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen damage (including...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... electric resistance corrosion measurements, hydrogen permeation monitoring, and online inspection) along with improvements in handling and integration methods of electronic data that are now being introduced. Simultaneously, engineers are getting access to predictive software that rapidly queries complex...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter addresses the issue of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in carbon and low-alloy steels. It discusses crack initiation, propagation, and fracture in aqueous chloride, hydrogen sulfide, sulfuric acid, hydroxide, ammonia, nitrate, ethanol, methanol, and hydrogen gas...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... 59. Beck W. et al. , Hydrogen Permeation in Metals as a Function of Stress, Temperature, and Dissolved Hydrogen Concentration , Hydrogen Damage , American Society for Metals , 1977 , p 191 – 206 60. Gibala R. , AIME Abstract Bull. (Inst. of Metals Div.) , Vol 1 , 1966...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... notably, HF. This thin surface oxide also is resistant to hydrogen permeation. An understanding of the corrosion behavior of titanium can be obtained by recognizing the conditions under which the oxides are thermodynamically stable. The Pourbaix (electrical potential versus pH) diagram for the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
...-Assisted Propagation in Ni-Base Stainless Alloys , Scr. Metall. , Vol 16 , 1982 , p 191 10.1016/0036-9748(82)90384-2 5.188 Berkowitz B J. , Kurkela M. , and Latanision R.M. , Effect of Ordering on the Hydrogen Permeation and Embrittlement of Ni 2 Cr , Effect of Hydrogen on...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
..., pulp bleaching, and paper manufacturing. References 1. Kane R.D. , Horvath R.J. , and Cayard M.S. , Wet H 2 S Cracking of Carbon Steels and Weldments , NACE International , 1996 2. “Standard Practice for Evaluation of Hydrogen Uptake, Permeation, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... they are used for piping and pressure vessels that are exposed to elevated temperatures and high-pressure hydrogen. The result can be sudden and catastrophic brittle failure. Atomic hydrogen permeates the steel and reduces iron carbide (Fe 3 C) to form methane (CH 4 ). The methane does not diffuse from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Microstructure and Composition on Hydrogen Permeation in X70 Pipeline Steels , Int. J. Hydrogen Energ. , Vol 38 ( No. 5 ), 2013 , p 2544 – 2556 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2012.11.127 18.60 Park G.T. , Koh S.U. , Jung H.G. , and Kim K.Y. , Effect of Microstructure on the Hydrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... 20 – 23 14. Martin R.L. , Inhibition of Hydrogen Permeation in Steels Corroding in Sour Fields , Corrosion , Vol 49 ( No. 8 ), 1993 , p 694 – 701 10.5006/1.3316102 15. Bregman J.I. , Corrosion Inhibitors , MacMillan , 1963 16. Farrar G.L. , Combatting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... hydrogen is dissolved in the process fluid or released as gas bubbles. Hydrogen probes measure hydrogen permeation and provide information on the rate of corrosion. Other onstream corrosion-monitoring techniques that are used in petroleum and chemical industries include the following: Electrical...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... rates. A protective atmosphere is used for metals to avoid oxidation; the protective atmosphere may include any combination such as nitrogen, nitrogen-hydrogen, argon, helium, or hydrogen. For oxide ceramics, heating is done in air. The binder evaporation temperature decreases as ambient pressure is...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... within ±1.8H, they dissolve. Solvents are absorbed by polymers having solubility parameters outside this range. Likewise, linear polar polymers such as starch dissolve in water, but strongly hydrogen-bonded cellulose is insoluble in water. When electrolytes are present, they are transported by the water...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... analyst. Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy reveals the number of types of hydrogen or carbon atom and their surrounding electronic environments. The structure of an unknown polymer can be determined from IR functional group analysis. Nuclear magnetic resonance analysis provides the information that...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... structure because it is the cathode in the circuit. For example, if the cathodic reaction is hydrogen reduction, the resulting hydrogen can have a deleterious effect. It can cause blistering of the metal or, if the metal is under stress, might cause cracking of the structure. The cathodic reaction can also...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Department. As noted in the preceding article, most engineering plastics are based on organic (carbonbase) polymers, where the carbon atom plays a critical role in developing final properties. Hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, fluorine, and chlorine are among the many atoms that are built into polymer...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... nylon 6-6 ( Ref 3 , 4 ). Ammonia is produced by reacting nitrogen with hydrogen over a catalyst at temperatures of typically 500 to 550 °C (930 to 1020 °F) and pressures of 200 and 400 atm. Commercial processes for ammonia synthesis are discussed in detail in Ref 5 . The converter, where the ammonia...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Stress Crazing of Polycarbonate , J. Mater. Sci. , Vol 13 , 1978 , p 2037 10.1007/BF00552912 36. Vincent P.I. and Raha S. , Influence of Hydrogen Bonding on Crazing and Cracking of Amorphous Thermoplastics , Polymer , Vol 13 , 1972 , p 283 10.1016/0032-3861(72)90008-0...