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hydrogen environment embrittlement

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., polythionic acid, and high-temperature environments and the correlating effects on austenitic, ferritic, duplex, martensitic, and precipitation hardening stainless steels and nickel-base alloys. It also discusses the contributing effects of sensitization and hydrogen embrittlement and the role of composition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... corrosion, which is the most common cause of failure in ferritic stainless steel weldments. Two case histories involving intergranular corrosion failures of ferritic stainless steel weldments are included. A brief discussion on hydrogen embrittlement is also provided. ferritic stainless steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... HRC, fall into a natural grouping in which hydrogen embrittlement is accepted as the predominant stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) mechanism. At this strength level, susceptibility to SCC is particularly acute. Environments that normally would cause minimal general corrosion, such as moist air...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Environments , Paper 5497, presented at Corrosion 2015 , NACE International, Houston , 2015 5.68 Foroni L. and Malara C. , Hydrogen Embrittlement Susceptibility of Precipitation Hardened Alloys , Paper 3948, presented at Corrosion 2014 , NACE International, Houston , 2014 5.69...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... the influence of material and environmental variables on stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) and the mechanisms proposed for SCC in stainless steel, comparing the mechanism of SCC with hydrogen embrittlement. In addition, it provides information on biocorrosion and microbiologically induced corrosion in ambient...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...), however, the hydrogen can diffuse into the metal, causing embrittlement. In some environments, titanium hydride is unstable and decomposes, or reacts, causing a loss of metal. Successful use of titanium alloys can be expected in mildly reducing to highly oxidizing environments in which protective TiO...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of Corrosion Engineers , 1977 , p 390 15. Graville B.A. , Baker R.G. , and Watkinson F. , Br. Weld. J. , Vol 14 , 1967 , p 337 16. Gangloff R.P. , A Review and Analysis of the Threshold for Hydrogen Environment Embrittlement of Steel , Corrosion Prevention and Control...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... corrosion; galvanic corrosion; erosion-corrosion, including cavitation erosion and fretting corrosion; intergranular corrosion, including sensitization and exfoliation; dealloying; environmentally assisted cracking, including stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen damage (including...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... to withstand such environmental-degradation processes as temper embrittlement, hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen attack, and creep embrittlement. Excellent reviews of materials problems in the refinery industry ( Ref 4 to 8 ) and potential problems in coal conversion ( Ref 9 to 11 ) have been published...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... fracture in hydrogen embrittled 4130 steel heat treated to 1275 MPa (185 ksi). Source: Ref 16 The primary factors controlling hydrogen damage are material, stress, and environment. Hydrogen damage can often be prevented by using a more resistant material, changing the manufacturing processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... D.P. et al. , Embrittlement of 4130 Steel by Low-Pressure Gaseous Hydrogen , Metall. Trans. , Vol 1 , 1970 , p 63 10.1007/BF02643465 76. Kerns G.E. et al. , Slow Crack Growth of a High Strength Steel in Chlorine and Hydrogen Sulfide Gas Environments , Scr. Metall. , Vol 6...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... the external influence on the corrosion process is stress. For stress-corrosion cracking, the stress is often externally applied. For hydrogen damage, liquid metal induced embrittlement, and solid metal induced embrittlement, the stress is induced by reactions with the environment. In the time between...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... avoidance must be given serious attention. Previous reviews of environmentally assisted cracking of uranium alloys have concentrated on presenting detailed data for stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) ( Ref 12.1 – 12.4 ) or hydrogen embrittlement ( Ref 12.2 , 12.5 – 12.7 ) in specific alloys and alloy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
.... , Vol 110 , 1924 , p 9 – 60 53. Zapffe C.A. and Haslem M.E. , Acid Composition, Concentration Temperature and Pickling Time as Factors in the Hydrogen Embrittlement of Mild Steel and Stainless Steel Wire , Trans. ASM , Vol 39 , 1947 , p 213 – 236 54. Gustafson J.R...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... < K crit ). Precorrosion followed by loading in an inert environment will not result in any observable crack propagation, while simultaneous environmental exposure and application of stress will cause time-dependent subcritical crack propagation. The term synergy was used to describe this process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... to as refinery wet H 2 S environments) can result in one or more types of environmentally assisted cracking (EAC). These forms of EAC are related primarily to the damage caused by hydrogen that results from the production of hydrogen by the sulfide corrosion process in aqueous media. They include loss...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... to environments in which a water phase is present (with the exception of alcohols) and thus does not include degradation such as high-temperature hydrogen attack or liquid-metal embrittlement. Table 2.1 Typical compositions and mechanical properties of common carbon and low-alloy steels UNS ASTM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... be the rate-determining step in environmentally assisted crack propagation. For this illustration, an internal hydrogen embrittlement mechanism is assumed in order to maximize the number of possible rate-determining steps. Changes in the environment that modify the rate-determining step will have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270196
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... the susceptibility of the steel to hydrogen embrittlement. It must be noted that some material requirements even specify allowable hardness values for use under hydrogen environments. Hydrogen embrittlement seems to be the most probable cause of failure of the screws. The screws should be baked immediately...