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hydrogen damage

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract Hydrogen damage is a form of environmentally assisted failure that results most often from the combined action of hydrogen and residual or applied tensile stress. This chapter classifies the various forms of hydrogen damage, summarizes the various theories that seek to explain hydrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... corrosion; galvanic corrosion; erosion-corrosion, including cavitation erosion and fretting corrosion; intergranular corrosion, including sensitization and exfoliation; dealloying; environmentally assisted cracking, including stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen damage (including...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen damage, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the economic importance of cost-effective materials selection is also considered. materials selection corrosion control general corrosion localized...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... in petroleum refining, where hydrogen attack was observed. It documents the extent of the damage in each case and identifies the source of the hydrogen. coal-fired boilers hydrogen attack References 1. Daniel P. , Corrosion of Steam- and Water-Side of Boilers , Corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
.... and Parvathavarthini N. , Hydrogen Embrittlement in Power Plant Steels , S¯adhan¯a Vol 28 , Parts 3 & 4 , June/Aug 2003 , p 431 – 451 6.12 Dooley R.B. and Bursik A. , Hydrogen Damage , Power Point Chemistry , Vol 12 ( No. 2 ), 2010 , p 122 – 127 6.13 Bain D...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... the external influence on the corrosion process is stress. For stress-corrosion cracking, the stress is often externally applied. For hydrogen damage, liquid metal induced embrittlement, and solid metal induced embrittlement, the stress is induced by reactions with the environment. In the time between...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090241
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... hydrogen production, adsorption, absorption, transport, trapping, and damage to the material. Hydriding is the most elusive of these mechanisms because there is little evidence of their presence in aluminum alloys. Hydrides present during hydrogen charging and mechanical loading could dissolve upon removal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... images, diagrams, and explanations. It discusses the various factors that influence strength and ductility, including grain size, loading rate, and temperature. It also provides information on the origin of residual stresses, the concept of toughness, and the damage mechanisms associated with creep...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... sensitization and exfoliation Dealloying Environmentally assisted cracking, including stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen damage (including hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, high-temperature hydrogen attack, and hydride formation) Figure 3...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of stainless steel is less obvious but just as damaging. Although the principles of corrosion are fairly well understood, corrosion continues to cost billions of dollars a year in the United States alone. As shown in Table 18.1 , the cost in the United States exceeds $300 billion per year. Fortunately...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., initial crack length, fracture toughness of the material, and the geometry of the part in which the crack is embedded. These concepts are illustrated in the following example. Hydrogen damage, like stress corrosion, is another insidious type of attack that can strike without warning. In addition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
..., a steel in the burned condition or with hydrogen damage cannot be salvaged. However, many times, a simple heat treatment can restore the microstructure and properties. This chapter provides a basis to assist the metallographer and metallurgist in making rational decisions that can save time and money...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... are damaging. In general, all acidic solutions that are reducing in nature corrode titanium unless they contain inhibitors. Strong oxidizers, including anhydrous red fuming nitric acid and 90% hydrogen peroxide, also cause attack. Ionizable fluoride compounds, such as NaF and HF, activate the surface and can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...-temperature creep Graphitization Dissimilar metal welds (DMW) Water-side corrosion: General corrosion/oxidation damage Under-deposit corrosion Hydrogen damage Caustic corrosion/caustic gouging Phosphate corrosion or phosphate hide out Microbially induced corrosion Flow...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... 6.11 Dayal R.K. and Parvathavarthini N. , Hydrogen Embrittlement in Power Plant Steels , S¯adhan¯a Vol 28 , Parts 3 & 4 , June/Aug 2003 , p 431 – 451 6.12 Dooley R.B. and Bursik A. , Hydrogen Damage , Power Point Chemistry , Vol 12 ( No. 2 ), 2010 , p...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... , Philadelphia , 1982 , p 383 - 417 10.1520/STP28425S 7. Sorrell G. and Humphries M.J. , High Temperature Hydrogen Damage in Petroleum Refinery Equipment, Mater. Performance, Aug 1978 8. Prescott G.R. , Material Problems in the Hydro Carbon Processing Industries, Met...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... or chevrons point to origin Flat progressive zone with beach marks Overload zone consistent with applied loading direction Ratchet marks where origins join General wastage, roughening, pitting, or trenching Stress-corrosion and hydrogen damage may create multiple cracks that appear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... hydrogen permeates the steel and reduces iron carbide (Fe 3 C) to form methane (CH 4 ). The methane does not diffuse from the metal, and its pressure may exceed the cohesive strength of the metal and cause fissuring between grains. Figure 12 shows the effects of HTHA. Fig. 12 Hydrogen-damaged...