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hydrogen damage

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract Hydrogen damage is a form of environmentally assisted failure that results most often from the combined action of hydrogen and residual or applied tensile stress. This chapter classifies the various forms of hydrogen damage, summarizes the various theories that seek to explain hydrogen...
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Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 6.49 Window-type fracture in waterwall tube due to hydrogen damage More
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Published: 30 November 2013
Fig. 12 Hydrogen-damaged refinery platformer line (carbon steel, 0.5% Mo). (a) Undamaged microstructure. (b) Decarburization region caused by hydrogen depleting the iron carbides. (c) Microfissuring at inclusions. (d) Hydrogen blister caused by methane gas formation. (a) and (b), nital etch More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... corrosion; galvanic corrosion; erosion-corrosion, including cavitation erosion and fretting corrosion; intergranular corrosion, including sensitization and exfoliation; dealloying; environmentally assisted cracking, including stress-corrosion cracking, corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen damage (including...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., localized corrosion, galvanic corrosion, intergranular corrosion, stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen damage, and erosion-corrosion. In addition, the economic importance of cost-effective materials selection is also considered. materials selection corrosion control general corrosion localized...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... in petroleum refining, where hydrogen attack was observed. It documents the extent of the damage in each case and identifies the source of the hydrogen. coal-fired boilers hydrogen attack 17.1 Introduction Hydrogen attack can result in brittle fracture of a steel component during high...
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Published: 01 December 2018
Fig. 6.48 Decarburization and discontinuous intergranular cracking in a carbon steel boiler tube resulting from hydrogen damage, (a) unetched view, 200× and (b) etched view, 200× More
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Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 3.62 Microstructure of an ASME SA 210 steel tube consisting of (a) ferrite (light etching constituent) and pearlite (dark etching constituent) and (b) a hydrogen-damaged region showing cracks (arrows) at the pearlite/ferrite interfaces. 4% picral etch. 1000× More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... For stress-corrosion cracking, the stress is often externally applied. For hydrogen damage, liquid metal induced embrittlement, and solid metal induced embrittlement, the stress is induced by reactions with the environment. In the time between the publication of the first edition of this book...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Role of the Oxide Layer in Corrosion of Boiler Tubes Corrosion is defined as the deterioration and loss of material due to chemical attack. There are two basic modes of corrosion in boiler tubes: Internal corrosion or water-side corrosion: For example, hydrogen damage, acid phosphate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...: Overheating Long-term overheating Short-term overheating High-temperature creep Graphitization Dissimilar metal welds (DMW) Water-side corrosion: General corrosion/oxidation damage Under-deposit corrosion Hydrogen damage Caustic corrosion/caustic gouging Phosphate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... and exfoliation Dealloying Environmentally assisted cracking, including stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen damage (including hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, high-temperature hydrogen attack, and hydride formation) Figure 3 illustrates schematically...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... hydrogen flow rates are high or where coatings on the titanium become damaged. Minor Alloy Element Changes Titanium that is intentionally alloyed with trace amounts of palladium or molybdenum and nickel also is used to provide corrosion resistant service. For example, the Ti-0.2Pd alloy and the Ti...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of stainless steel is less obvious but just as damaging. Although the principles of corrosion are fairly well understood, corrosion continues to cost billions of dollars a year in the United States alone. As shown in Table 18.1 , the cost in the United States exceeds $300 billion per year. Fortunately...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses common forms of corrosion, including uniform corrosion, galvanic corrosion, pitting, crevice corrosion, dealloying corrosion, intergranular corrosion, and exfoliation. It describes the factors that contribute to stress-corrosion cracking, hydrogen embrittlement...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... 6.11 Dayal R.K. and Parvathavarthini N. , Hydrogen Embrittlement in Power Plant Steels , S¯adhan¯a Vol 28 , Parts 3 & 4 , June/Aug 2003 , p 431 – 451 6.12 Dooley R.B. and Bursik A. , Hydrogen Damage , Power Point Chemistry , Vol 12 ( No. 2 ), 2010 , p...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... hydrogen damage in petroleum refinery equipment (<xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t60490329-ref55">Ref 55</xref>) Table 7.5. Japanese experience with high-temperature hydrogen damage in petroleum refinery equipment ( Ref 55 ) Equipment Material Operating temperature, °C Hydrogen partial pressure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
..., a steel in the burned condition or with hydrogen damage cannot be salvaged. However, many times, a simple heat treatment can restore the microstructure and properties. This chapter provides a basis to assist the metallographer and metallurgist in making rational decisions that can save time and money...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... the susceptibility of the solidified microstructure to stress-corrosion cracking ( Ref 30 ). Hydrogen Damage Hydrogen damage results from the combined actions of hydrogen and stress ( Ref 31 ); the stress can be residual or applied. The weld pool in the liquid state has a much higher solubility for hydrogen...
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Published: 01 January 2000
Fig. 67 Section of ASTM A 106 carbon steel pipe with wall severly damaged by hydrogen attack. The pipe failed after 15 months of service in hydrogen-rich gas at 34.5 MPa (5000 psig) and 320 °C (610 °F). (a) Overall view of failed pipe section. (b) Microstructure of hydrogen-attacked pipe near More