1-20 of 259 Search Results for

hydrogen attack

Follow your search
Access your saved searches in your account

Would you like to receive an alert when new items match your search?
Close Modal
Sort by
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Carbon and low-alloy steels in high-temperature service are vulnerable to the effects of hydrogen attack, which include severe loss in tensile and rupture strengths as well as ductility. As the chapter explains, when steel is in contact with hydrogen molecules at elevated temperatures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, high-temperature hydrogen attack, and hydride formation). All these forms are addressed in this chapter in the context of aqueous corrosion. For each form, a general description is provided along with information on the causes and the list of metals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... damage, and reviews hydrogen degradation in specific ferrous and nonferrous alloys. The preeminent theories for hydrogen damage are based on pressure, surface adsorption, decohesion, enhanced plastic flow, hydrogen attack, and hydride formation. The specific alloys covered are iron-base, nickel, aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410439
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
...-temperature hydrogen attack and its effect on strength and ductility. cracking hydrogen embrittlement liquid-metal-induced embrittlement quench embrittlement temper embrittlement tempered-martensite embrittlement toughness TOUGHNESS IS THE TERM used to describe the ability of a steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...-temperature chloridation attack. In the manufacture of fluorine-containing compounds, such as fluorocarbon plastics, refrigerants, and fire-extinguishing agents, the processing equipment requires alloys with good resistance to corrosion by fluorine and hydrogen fluorides at elevated temperatures. During...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490329
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
..., Bulletin 145, Welding Research Council , New York , Oct 1969 , p 33 - 42 53. Stone D. et al , “ Hydrogen Attack in Cr-Mo Steels at Elevated Temperatures, ” report to the U.S. Department of Energy covering the period Sept 1 , 1980 to Aug 31 , 1983 , CU/MSE 07963-01, Cornell...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... resistance (i. e., strength retention). The C-0.5Mo steel was originally considered significantly more resistant than carbon steel to high-temperature hydrogen attack (HTHA). It has been extensively used for reactor vessels, heat-exchanger shells, separator drums, and piping for processes involving hydrogen...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... of these subjects are covered in Chapter 14, “Stress-Assisted Corrosion and Cracking.” The subject of erosion and erosion/corrosion is also reviewed with an attempt to offer readers general guidance on materials selection and application. Discussion also includes hydrogen attack of carbon steels in boilers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract Amorphous alloys, because of their lack of crystallographic slip planes, are assumed to be insensitive to the selective corrosion attack that causes stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) in crystalline alloys. However, under certain conditions, melt-spun amorphous alloys have proven...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... The challenge is even greater when dissimilar-metal welds are required. Improper selection may allow local attack due to weld-metal dilution or may allow hydrogen-assisted cracking due to hard heat-affected zones (HAZs). More information on preventing corrosion of welds is available in the chapters “ Corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... atm) and temperatures up to 650 °C (1200 °F) ( Ref 43 ). Cihal ( Ref 43 ) discussed the major corrosion problems—hydrogen attack and nitridation—for the ammonia converter. The converter usually consists of a vessel with a catalyst basket and an interchanger inside the vessel. Because of high-pressure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...-deposit corrosion may be grouped into three categories: hydrogen damage, caustic corrosion, and phosphate attack. Microbially induced corrosion (MIC) is the deterioration of metal as a result of the metabolic activity of microorganisms. It is also known as microbiologically influenced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... code requirements for the fabricated condition, steels for high-temperature, high-pressure hydrogenation service are required to withstand such environmental degradation processes as temper embrittlement, hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen attack, and creep embrittlement. Operating conditions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... and pressures in the system, the vessels generally are made of low-alloy steels for resisting hydrogen attack, and the selection of materials to avoid hydrogen attack problem should follow the recommendations of the API Publication 941 ( Ref 40 ). Materials issues related to hydrogen attack are discussed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... sensitization and exfoliation Dealloying Environmentally assisted cracking, including stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen damage (including hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, high-temperature hydrogen attack, and hydride formation) Figure 3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... °C (2000 °F) for 24 h in wet ethane Source: Ref 4 In hydrogen environments at elevated temperatures and pressures, there is increasing availability of atomic hydrogen that can easily penetrate metal structures and react internally with reducible species. An example is the attack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... Sulfidation: corrosion of a metal or alloy resulting from a reaction with sulfur compounds in high-temperature environments High-temperature hydrogen attack: reaction of absorbed hydrogen with carbides in a steel to form methane causing decarburization and loss of strength at elevated temperatures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... In pure water, there are positively charged hydrogen ions (H + ) and negatively charged hydroxyl ions (OH − ) in equal amounts. The metal undergoing electrochemical corrosion need not be immersed in a liquid but may be in contact with moist soil or may just have moist areas on the metal surface...