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hot-melt process

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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 2.25 Hot melt resin impregnation process. Source: Ref 9 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 2.27 Process for producing hot melt tape from resin film. Source: Ref 9 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This article discusses the steps in the primary processing of stainless steels: melting, refining, remelting, casting, and hot rolling. It provides information of the major categories of defects in hot rolled stainless steels, namely hot mill defects, inclusion-related defects, and hot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the processes, procedures, and equipment used in the production of iron, steel, aluminum, and titanium alloys. It describes the design and operation of melting and refining furnaces, including blast furnaces, basic oxygen and electric arc furnaces, vacuum...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter describes the processes, applications, and limitations of forming and shaping various materials. It discusses bulk forming, hot working, cold working, sheet forming, and polymer and powder processing. bulk forming cold working hot working polymer processing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... Abstract The manufacture of all aluminum wrought products begins with an ingot or a continuous strip solidified from the liquid state. During molten metal processing (MMP), aluminum undergoes a series of operations that are described in this chapter including melting and alloying, recycling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... melting, electron beam hearth melting, rammed graphite mold casting, sand casting, investment casting, hot isostatic pressing, weld repair, and heat treatment -- along with related equipment, process challenges, and achievable properties and microstructures. It also explains how titanium parts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... Abstract This chapter describes some of the more typical manufacturing practices, along with their benefits and limitations. The manufacturing practices covered include primary melting, electroslag remelting, rolling, hot and cold drawing, and continuous casting. The chapter discusses...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... life. The chapter explains how and why freckles form as well as how they can be prevented. It describes the criteria for selecting the proper melting method for specific alloys based on melt segregation and chemistry requirements. It compares standard processes, including electric arc furnace/argon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... of the product form used. For example, well-consolidated hot melt–impregnated tape can be successfully consolidated in very short times (minutes if not seconds), while woven powder coated or comingled prepregs require longer times for the resin to flow and impregnate the fibers. Occasionally, a process called...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
...% of the absolute melting temperature of the metal. The hot extrusion process is used to produce metal products of constant cross section, such as bars, solid and hollow sections, tubes, wires, and strips, from materials that cannot be formed by cold extrusion. The process has two main limitations: (1...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
..., crucible, and vacuum melting, and common casting techniques such as sand casting, plaster and shell casting, evaporative pattern casting, investment casting, permanent mold casting, cold and hot chamber die casting, squeeze casting, semisolid metal processing, and centrifugal casting. casting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... blades, and the equally famous steels of Toledo, Spain, were produced using crucible melting processes. Crucible, or pot, furnaces are the most common type of indirect fuel fired furnace—this means that a barrier of some sort prevents contact of the hot combustion gases with the metal to be melted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
.... Metal low in sulfur and phosphorus is needed for process treatment to produce high-strength irons (such as nodular or compacted graphite irons). Basic (magnesite) or neutral (chrome) linings are preferred for low-sulfur and low-phosphorus cast iron melts, but these expensive linings result in a high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... of Surface in Titanium Processing Although titanium is melted under vacuum, badly oxidized surfaces can form on ingots during melting. Surface scale must be brushed off or, in extreme cases, machined off an ingot prior to remelting. Heavy oxide layers can form as a result of hot working unless hot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... mill. Avoid melting or hot fracture during the process . For example, a 1 xxx or 3xxx alloy can easily begin rolling at 550 to 575 °C, but high-magnesium alloys at those temperatures could fail in a brittle “hot-short” manner. Deformation-induced heating can raise the slab temperature enough...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370145
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... Abstract This chapter highlights the different melting, holding, and dosing furnaces that are available for the alternative casting processes used for the production of aluminum castings. Melting furnaces are grouped into four broad categories: crucible furnaces; reverberatory furnaces...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... diffusion processes no longer occur. It occurs approximately at 0.3 × T S ( T S = the melting point) for diffusing substitution atoms. Figure 4.14(b) shows constant hardness curves in the continuous TTT diagrams. If the cooling process from the solution temperature can be sufficiently accurately...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
...). Accelerated oxidation (hot corrosion) induced by salts in marine and industrial environments at temperatures below 1500 °F (816 °C) down to about 1300 °F (704 °C) or lower is not considered. (See Chapter 13 for some discussion about hot corrosion at lower temperatures.) Overheating and Incipient Melting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... expensive than solid-state processing. Characteristics of liquid-phase-processed discontinuous MMCs include low-cost reinforcements, such as silicon carbide particles; low-temperature-melting matrices, such as aluminum and magnesium; and near-net-shaped parts. Liquid-phase processing results in intimate...