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hot stamping

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... forming force versus time. Source: Ref 7.27 Fig. 7.26 Comparison of experimental and calculated temperature versus time. Source: Ref 7.27 Fig. 7.27 Hot stamping process using resistance heating. Source: Ref 7.29 Fig. 7.28 Principle of design of longitudinal field...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... how to predict specific types of defects. In addition, it presents several case studies demonstrating the use of finite elements in blanking and piercing, deep drawing of round and rectangular cups, progressive die sequencing, blank holder force optimization, sheet hydroforming, hot stamping, and...
Book Chapter

By Eren Billur
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400181
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
.... The chapter goes on to describe the load, energy, and time-dependent characteristics of hydraulic presses and the factors that determine accuracy. It also explains how hydraulic presses are used for deep drawing, fine blanking, and hydroforming as well as warm forming and hot stamping operations...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... forging. Fiber orientation is clearly visible. The fibers are not cut, indicating a good forging design. For improved visualization of the fibers after etching with hot hydrochloric acid, the visibility of the fibers is enhanced either by the careful application of rubber stamp ink or aniline. Courtesy of...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... elevated temperatures. In order to evaluate lubricants that are used in warm and hot stamping, a tribological test that can emulate the production conditions needs to be selected. The ironing test described in section 7.3 is also used to evaluate the stamping lubricants at elevated temperatures. The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... martensitic steels have a total elongation of only 5%, and this has limited stretchability that restricts its application to simple stampings. An advanced forming technique, known as hot forming, has been used to overcome such problems. Figure 12.19 shows a schematic of the hot forming process. Fig...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... rolled sheet steel over hot rolled sheet is a much better surface finish. In sheet forming processes the important stresses are tensile. Sheets can be formed into complex shapes by stamping. In stampings the sheets are clamped at their edges and stretched to a final shape by a shaped punch ( Fig...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter discusses various alloying and processing approaches to increase the strength of low-carbon steels. It describes hot-rolled low-carbon steels, cold-rolled and annealed low-carbon steels, interstitial-free or ultra-low carbon steels, high-strength, low-alloy (HSLA) steels, dual-phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
..., processing, deformation mechanism, mechanical properties, hot forming, tempering, and special attributes of TRIP the steels. transformation-induced plasticity steels chemical composition microstructure hot forming tempering deformation mechanical properties TRANSFORMATION-INDUCED PLASTICITY...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... are those that require high strength and good fatigue resistance, with relatively simple shapes for traditionally stamped parts and more complex shapes for hot formed parts. Typical applications of MS steels include bumper reinforcements, door intrusion beams, side sill reinforcements, and more...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130311
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This chapter focuses on the failure aspects of tool steels. The discussion covers the classification, chemical composition, main characteristics, and several failures of tool steels and their relation to heat treatment. The tool steels covered are hot work, cold work, plastic mold, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the practices and procedures used to reveal and record macrostructural features such as hardening depth, weld thickness, crack size, porosity, hot folds, and machining and tooling marks. It provides information on sectioning, sample location, orientation, surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Abstract This chapter discusses the use of coating methods and materials and their impact on corrosion and wear behaviors. It provides detailed engineering information on a wide range of processes, including organic, ceramic, and hot dip coating, metal plating and cladding, and the use of weld...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... altered during heat treatment, solidification, and deformation (hot and cold working). Some specific examples are then shown to illustrate what can go wrong through unintentional changes in microstructure, for example, the loss of carbon from the surface of the steel by the process known as...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... inspection and quality assurance. The next section discusses the methods by which metals, and in some cases their alloys, can be applied to almost all other metals and alloys: electroplating, electroless plating, hot dipping, thermal spraying, cladding, pack cementation, vapor deposition, ion implantation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract The possible classification for tool steels is their division into four groups according to their final application: hot-worked, cold-worked, plastic mold, and high-speed tool steels. This chapter mainly follows such division by application, but the grade nomenclatures used here are...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... in considering crash analysis, where strain rates are much higher. With the exception of boron steels used in hot stamping, the practical applications of warm or hot forming AHSS are extremely limited. The tensile strength of DP 980 remains approximately constant for temperatures up to 400 °C...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... temperature of the materials being formed. However, some sheet forming operations are conducted at elevated temperatures, for example, warm forming of aluminum, titanium, or nickel alloy sheets or hot stamping of special steels to obtain specific part properties. These processes are accomplished using a tool...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... forming system, used in combination with a quick die-change mechanism, was used for production of numerous body panels, such as the 2006 Pontiac Solstice ( Ref 8.31 ). Quick plastic forming is a hot blow forming technology to manufacture complex panels at traditional automotive volumes ( Fig. 8.26...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... D2, D3, D5 H Chromium, hot work H10, H11, H13 Tungsten, hot work H21, H23 T Tungsten, high speed T2, T4, T5 M Molybdenum, high speed M2, M4, M6 Source: Ref 16.26 Table 16.3 Common surface-hardening methods used in stamping tools Diffusion techniques Applied...