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hot corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080249
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...Composition of seawater Table 9.1 Composition of seawater Element Composition, ppm Chlorine 18,980 Sodium 10,561 Magnesium 1,272 Sulfur 884 Calcium 400 Potassium 380 Beryllium 65 Source: Ref 2 Results of burner rig hot corrosion tests on nickel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
...Abstract Abstract Superalloys tend to operate in environments where they are subjected to high-temperature corrosion, oxidation, and the erosive effects of hot gases. This chapter discusses the nature of these attacks and the effectiveness of various protection methods. It describes the primary...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... such as waterwall, fuel ash, and hot corrosion, acid dew-point or cold-end corrosion, and polythionic acid corrosion. It also addresses stress corrosion cracking and includes relevant case studies. acid dew point corrosion boiler tubes fire-side corrosion fuel ash corrosion hot corrosion polythionic acid...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter focuses on resistance characteristics and methods of protecting different forms of high-temperature gaseous corrosion, namely high-temperature oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, hydrogen effects, and hot corrosion. high-temperature gaseous corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
...Abstract Abstract Gas-metal reactions can have a significant impact on metals and alloys, affecting their properties (during processing) and accelerating service failures, particularly in hot, corrosive environments. This chapter discusses the kinetics of gas-metal reactions and how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... and oil refineries can cause material-related problems such as embrittlement, creep, thermal fatigue, hot corrosion, and oxidation. It also discusses the factors and considerations involved in determining design life, defining failure criteria, and implementing remaining-life-assessment procedures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... of superalloys, including their properties, behaviors, and microstructure. It examines the role of more than 20 alloying elements, including phosphorus (promotes carbide precipitation), boron (improves creep properties), lanthanum (increases hot corrosion resistance), and carbon and tungsten which serve...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... that have the most impact on the selection of superalloy compositions are hot corrosion and oxidation. At moderate temperatures less than approximately 870 °C (1600 °F), and with the presence of molten salts on the alloy surface, hot corrosion becomes the major mechanism of superalloy environmental...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490415
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... Factor Basis of estimate Scatter in assumed material properties:      Cast material 20 Fig. 9.45 ; Ref 57 16 Ref 75      Wrought material 10 J 10 J Effect of coatings in air (if present) None Fig. 9.45 ; Ref 57 3 Fig. 9.32 ; Ref 25 Effect of hot corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
.... MAR-M 918 High-temperature sheets … MP159 Hot corrosion resistant, high-strength fasteners … MP35N Fasteners, springs, nonmagnetic electrical components and instrument parts in medical, seawater, oil and gas wells, and chemical and food processing environments Excellent resistance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... and the life-cycle cost, which determine the superalloy family and principal strengthening mechanisms. In general, cobalt-base alloys have the highest chromium contents due to their preferred use in applications susceptible to hot corrosion and the requirement to form M 23 C 6 and M 6 C carbides...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... service is unlimited, if the operational loads do not exceed the yield strength of the metal. The principal types of elevated-temperature failure mechanisms are creep, stress rupture, low-cycle or high-cycle fatigue, thermal fatigue, overload, hot corrosion, embrittlement, sulfidation, carburization...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
.... Oxidation or hot corrosion wants to consume metal atoms and thus reduces component dimensions and/or introduces notches. It may even introduce undesirable gaseous elements, but all this is dependent on time and the provision of energy by high temperatures. At ordinary temperatures, the strengths of most...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... process. The formation of detrimental phases was found to be associated with high chromium levels, which prompted a reduction of chromium levels in superalloys from approximately 20 to 10 weight percent. The reduction in chromium made the alloys vulnerable to hot corrosion, which was painfully evident...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280339
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
.... Aluminide diffusion coatings were applied with increasing frequency, and MCrAlY-type (where M = metal such as Fe, Ni, Co or combinations thereof) overlay coatings were developed for commercial use. Substantial increases in life at engine operating temperatures and the minimization of hot corrosion attack...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... Cobalt-base alloys are used for applications where hot corrosion is a major concern or for low-stress structural applications at moderate-to-high temperatures. Cast alloys are typified by X-40 and MAR-M 302, while Haynes 25 (L-605), Haynes 188, and S-816 are representative of wrought alloys. (Haynes 25...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... in Oil Fired Boilers ,” Mitsubishi Technical Bulletin No. 139, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. , May 1980 9. Rapp R.A. , Hot Corrosion of Materials , Pure Appl. Chem. , Vol 62 ( No. 1 ), 1990 , p 113 10.1351/pac199062010113 10. Seiersten M. and Kofstad P...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... and metal dusting Corrosion by halogen and hydrogen halides Sulfidation Hot corrosion Molten salt corrosion Liquid metal corrosion and embrittlement Erosion and erosion/corrosion Stress-assisted corrosion and cracking Hydrogen attack Coal-fired boilers Oil-fired boilers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
.../j.actamat.2012.10.011 7.26 Bala N. , Singh H. , and Prakash S. , Accelerated Hot Corrosion Studies of Cold Spray Ni-50Cr Coating on Boiler Steels , Mater. Des. , Vol 31 ( No. 1 ), 2010 , p 244 – 253 10.1016/j.matdes.2009.06.033 7.27 Villafuerte J. , Current...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.9781627083409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9