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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... in the human body. In 2016, there were more than 600,000 knee implants performed in the United States at an average cost of $40,000 each. Thus, this operation alone produced a $24 billion industry. The number of hip implants was higher, and these operations usually cost more. These are significant industries...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Cast titanium alloy knee and hip implants Design Considerations There are a number of broad guidelines to be followed when designing titanium castings: The supplier and customer must work together to identify the desired properties and to define the intended shape. The design must...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... as well as assembly errors, abnormal operating conditions, and inadequate maintenance. It also describes the precise usage of terms such as defect, flaw, imperfection, and discontinuity. failure analysis hip implants I beams manufacturing defects piston heads porcelain insulators quill shafts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... with about 30% porosity and typical pore size ranging from 0.05 mm. The technology allows for tight control of particle size, porosity, and thickness. Coatings up to 1.25 mm (0.05 in.) are deposited on hip implants, but dental implants are much thinner. These materials are typically sprayed by low-pressure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... to extend human lifespans, medical implants will become more common and thermal spray applications will play a bigger role. One key area where thermal spray technology is playing a role is as an inert surface for bone and tissue growth. Coatings have been used to support the advancement of knee and hip...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... metallurgy, hot isostatic pressing (HIP) plus forging, and direct HIP to produce a near-net shape part. Actual raw material savings will depend on the P/M route chosen and the complexity of the component being produced. Dollar savings will reflect: Increased alloy cost in powder versus cost as ingot...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... at acceptable levels. Therefore, fatigue-critical cast parts are always HIPed, regardless of whether they are for airframe components, engine parts, or orthopedic surgical body implants. Some casting houses do not HIP all products unless specified by the user, because for many marine or chemical process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... and producing a two-phase structure at room temperature. The excellent corrosion resistance of titanium allows applications in chemical processing equipment, marine components, and biomedical implants such as hip prostheses. Titanium is an important aerospace material, finding applications as airframe...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... nickel-phosphorus plating, ferritic nitrocarburizing, sulfurizing, and spark hardening Fig. 16 Compares the wear, scuffing, and spalling resistance of sheet-metal dies coated by the following surface-hardening processes: uncoated, nitrided, borided, nitrogen ion implanted, chrome plated, sulfurized...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... high-performance application areas, such as aerospace and sporting goods (e.g., golf club heads and racing bicycles) applications, biomedical implants, and other industrial and marine corrosion service, will pay for the higher price of titanium alloy components. However, the initial cost of titanium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Brinell hardness HE Hot extruded Heat Heat HF Hot finished HIP Hot isostatic pressing HR Hot rolled HT Heat treated HW Hot worked/wrought Imp Implant Inv Investment Liq Liquid Mach Machined Mart Martensitic Met Metal Mult Multiple NHT Not heat...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... and strength reasons, there is a benefit for structural implants such as hip stems because the lower modulus (than cobalt alloys and stainless) allows more load transfer to the bone and the potential for longer-lasting implant performance. The Titanium Alloys For most of the last half of the twentieth...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... is a problem. Because titanium is inert to human body fluids, it is an ideal metal for medical replacement structures such as hip and knee implants. Titanium actually allows bone growth to adhere to the implants, thus titanium implants are more durable than those made of other materials. The only major use...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180029
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
.... Originally, knee and hip implants were designed for patients in their 60s who led a reserved, nonactive life. The idea was to design a permanent implant capable of providing a normal lifestyle prior to death. Research concentrated on how to make bone grow into the implants for a more secure fixture. Today...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.9781627082693
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
...: none, TiMetal 62S and 62S With iron as a beta stabilizer, alloy 62S has lower formulation costs with processing and property characteristics similar to Ti-6Al-4V. Practical substitute for Ti-6Al-4V Ti-6Al-7Nb, UNS: none, IMI 367 IMI 367 was developed specifically for femoral components for hip...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Ion implantation for improved wear resistance of alloy tool steels and chrome-plated parts Anodizing plus PTFE seal for nonstick and wear resistance with aluminum alloy parts Die Casting For die casting, consider: Nitriding for H-series tool steels Physical vapor deposition (PVD...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480353
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... cementation. The chapter also covers ion implantation and laser alloying. anodizing conversion coating diffusion coating pack cementation SURFACE TREATMENTS that change the surface chemistry of a metal or alloy, but that do not involve intentional buildup or increase in part dimension, include...