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high-temperature oxidation

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Published: 01 December 1999
Fig. 1.24 Effect of internal oxidation and high-temperature transformation products on the high- and low-cycle bending fatigue strength. (a) Fatigue data on rotating beam tests, 6 mm outside diameter test section, quench 860 °C into oil at 200 °C. Steel composition: 0.75 Mn, 0.86 Cr, 1.48 Ni More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter focuses on resistance characteristics and methods of protecting different forms of high-temperature gaseous corrosion, namely high-temperature oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, hydrogen effects, and hot corrosion. high-temperature gaseous corrosion high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310057
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract Stainless steel retains strength and has excellent oxidation resistance from room temperature to nearly 1000 deg C relative to competitive materials. This chapter focuses on the high-temperature oxidation of stainless steel by oxygen or water vapor. It begins by discussing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... used when high strength or high formability is the main objective; (2) chromium nickel alloys used for high temperature oxidation resistance; and (3) chromium, molybdenum, nickel, and nitrogen alloys used for applications where corrosion resistance is the main objective. austenitic stainless...
Image
Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 12.6 (Part 1) Internal oxidation at high temperatures. 0.2% C (0.22C-1.41 Mn-0.05Si-0.07Cu, wt%). (a) Side face of an artificial discontinuity in a billet heated at 1200 °C for 15 min. White arrows indicate the location of the scale/metal interface. 1% nital. 250×. (b) Side face More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of the metal, by conditioning the environment, and by electrochemical control. Finally, the chapter deals with high-temperature oxidation that usually occurs in the absence of moisture. uniform corrosion galvanic corrosion pitting corrosion crevice corrosion erosion corrosion cavitation corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... , Steele 1962 ]. High-temperature oxidation of beryllium in air up to the melting temperature (1283 °C, or 2340 °F) was investigated by Bradshaw and Wright [1963] . Figure 26.2 shows their results in air at 1 atm. After an initial low rate of oxidation, a threshold occurs, followed by a much higher...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., and corrosion fatigue and compares and contrasts their effects on mechanical properties, performance, and operating life. It also includes information on high-temperature oxidation and corrosion prevention techniques. corrosion control corrosion fatigue crevice corrosion dealloying corrosion galvanic...
Image
Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 19.7 Copper (copper-colored features) penetration adjacent to high temperature oxidized crack in a medium carbon steel. As polished surface, light micrograph More
Image
Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 35 Aspect of the defect in the etched condition. In the cross section, it is possible to see a uniform micro-structure compounded by martensite. Decarburizing and high-temperature oxidation can be observed. Etched with 2% nital. Original magnification: 100× More
Image
Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 1 A large roll was found to have cracks on the outer and inner surfaces of the forging. These cracks were found during final inspection. During examination of metallographic sections taken from the roll, high-temperature oxides were found on the crack faces, strongly suggesting forging More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... diagram GAS-METAL SYSTEMS are important both during metallic processing and during exposure when placed in service, particularly in the evaluation of high-temperature oxidation and hot-gas corrosion. Engineering alloys react chemically when exposed to air or other more aggressive gases. Whether...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the properties and applications of beryllium intermetallic compounds. It describes the crystal structure of key beryllides, the metals they contain, and important properties such as high-temperature strength, thermal conductivity and expansion, oxidation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... unsuitable for most structural applications. Refractory metal alloys retain their mechanical properties at higher temperature because of their high melting points, but they have poor oxidation resistance. The combination of environmental resistance and superior mechanical properties at high temperatures sets...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of commercially pure nickel, Nickel 201 (N02201), have been used to handle elevated-temperature caustic environments. High-Temperature Corrosion The various types of attack by high-temperature gases usually are referred to as oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, nitriding, and halogen-gas corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170337
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... applications. They contain enough aluminum to form, in oxidizing environments, thin films of alumina (Al 2 O 3 ) that are compact and protective. They have low densities, relatively high melting points, and good high-temperature strength properties ( Tables 1 and 2 ). Properties of nickel, iron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
..., due to grain growth, their strength retention and creep resistance at high temperatures are poor. Oxide fibers can have creep rates of up to two orders of magnitude greater than those of nonoxide fibers. Nonoxide fibers, such as carbon and silicon carbide, have lower densities, much better high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... steels carbon steel chromium-molybdenum steel oxidation oxidation resistance superalloys 3.1 Introduction Oxidation is the most important high-temperature corrosion reaction. Metals or alloys are oxidized when heated to elevated temperatures in air or in highly oxidizing environments...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170495
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., and some versatile alloys are capable of serving effectively in multiple capacities. For example, alloy 718 (UNS N07718) resists corrosion in organic acids, alkalies and salts, and seawater; it is resistant to high-temperature oxidation, carburization, and nitridation; and it exhibits high strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... outstanding resistance to sulfidation and are generally superior to nickel alloys and stainless steels in this mode of attack. The cobalt alloys are generally not as resistant to oxidation as the high-temperature nickel alloys, but they are superior to the majority of stainless steels in this respect...