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high-temperature gaseous corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter focuses on resistance characteristics and methods of protecting different forms of high-temperature gaseous corrosion, namely high-temperature oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, hydrogen effects, and hot corrosion. high-temperature gaseous corrosion high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... service with the surrounding environment, resulting in high-temperature corrosion. In gaseous environments, high-temperature corrosion is defined as the corrosion that takes place above the maximum temperature at which acids condense and dew-point corrosion takes place. Although a majority of high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
.... The internal dendrite corrosion penetration is similar to internal corrosion attack within the alloy matrix or internal grain-boundary corrosion attack in wrought alloys under high-temperature gaseous corrosion, such as oxidation and chloridation. In high-temperature gaseous corrosion, the extent of internal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... both nitrides and carbides in the immediate surface of the steel ( Ref 1 ). The process will produce only very shallow case depths, approximately 0.05 mm (0.002 in.) deep, but with high surface hardness values, good fatigue properties, and excellent corrosion resistance. The process cycle times...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... stability diagrams. It provides an extensive amount of high-temperature corrosion data for metals and alloys in gaseous environments containing chlorine and hydrogen chloride; fluorine and hydrogen fluoride; bromine and hydrogen bromide; and iodine and hydrogen iodide. halogen gases high-temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... there are concerns about materials for use in molten salt and liquid metal environments. Gaseous corrosion is usually associated with high-temperature environments. Atmospheric corrosion is not considered a part of gaseous corrosion because the corrosion reaction occurs in a thin aqueous layer on the surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... Abstract Superalloys tend to operate in environments where they are subjected to high-temperature corrosion, oxidation, and the erosive effects of hot gases. This chapter discusses the nature of these attacks and the effectiveness of various protection methods. It describes the primary forms...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... and low-alloy steels Steels, copper, aluminum Steels (forgings and castings) Steels (compressors) Iron, steels, nickel-base alloys V, Nb, Ta, Ti, Zr, U Usual source of hydrogen (not exclusive) Gaseous H 2 Thermal processing, electrolysis, corrosion Gaseous hydrogen, internal hydrogen from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter describes the corrosion behavior of beryllium in gaseous atmospheres, including oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. It also discusses the development of high-temperature corrosion-resistant beryllium alloys. beryllium alloys beryllium corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Sulfur is one of the most common corrosive contaminants in high-temperature industrial environments and its presence can cause a number of problems, including sulfidation. This chapter describes the sulfidation behavior of a wide range of alloys as observed in three types of industrial...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...), is used as a corrosion-resistant material in food processing and in high-temperature caustic and gaseous chlorine or chloride environments. However, alloying of nickel with other elements (e.g., chromium, copper, or molybdenum) greatly broadens its use in corrosion-resistant applications ( Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... produced on mild steel a porous layer that was claimed to have good antifrictional properties. The published patent revealed that the gaseous atmosphere consisted of ammonia and hydrocarbon or other carbon-containing gases of unspecified proportions and that the treatment was undertaken in the temperature...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., diffusion bonding, casting, heavy chemical deposition, or heavy electroplating. coating. A relatively thin layer ( 1 mm, or 0.04 in.) of material applied by surfacing for the purpose of corrosion prevention, resistance to high- temperature scaling, wear resistance, lubrication, or other purposes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... of combustion, as well as the fuel, are present in the reaction zone as condensed (solid or liquid) phases, which leads to several important consequences. In the first place, very high temperatures are attained during metal combustion. During combustion of an ordinary hydrocarbon, the flame temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... hydrogen gas conditions were employed (that is, the presence of moisture or an aqueous phase was not reported). Therefore, this is not strictly an SCC phenomenon because it is not associated with corrosion. Nevertheless, the occurrence of embrittlement of high-strength steels in the presence of gaseous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... nitriding temperature of around 500 °C (925 °F) but with a resulting hardness of only about 35 HRC. Corrosion resistance will improve dramatically but not surface hardness. A higher process temperature of approximately 580 °C (1075 °F) should be considered, and temperatures can reach as high as 620 °C (1150...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...) Iron-chromium nickel Chloride Dealloyed layer (Ni) Hydroxide Dealloyed layer or oxide High-temperature water Dealloyed layer or oxide α-brass Nitrite Oxide Copper Nitrite Oxide Ammonia (cupric) Porous dissolution zone Ferritic steel High-temperature water Oxide Phosphate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., if the operational loads do not exceed the yield strength of the metal. The principal types of elevated-temperature failure mechanisms are creep, stress rupture, low-cycle or high-cycle fatigue, thermal fatigue, overload, hot corrosion, embrittlement, sulfidation, carburization, oxidation, distortion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... to surface wear, scuffing, or galling; increased fatigue life; resistance to high-temperature softening; improved corrosion protection; and minimal heat treatment distortion. The pronounced property improvement is due to the high hardness, the internal stresses, and the modified chemistry in the nitrided...