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high-temperature gaseous corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter focuses on resistance characteristics and methods of protecting different forms of high-temperature gaseous corrosion, namely high-temperature oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, hydrogen effects, and hot corrosion. high-temperature gaseous corrosion high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... service with the surrounding environment, resulting in high-temperature corrosion. In gaseous environments, high-temperature corrosion is defined as the corrosion that takes place above the maximum temperature at which acids condense and dew-point corrosion takes place. Although a majority of high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
.... The internal dendrite corrosion penetration is similar to internal corrosion attack within the alloy matrix or internal grain-boundary corrosion attack in wrought alloys under high-temperature gaseous corrosion, such as oxidation and chloridation. In high-temperature gaseous corrosion, the extent of internal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... of the need for high-temperature strength. Resistance to oxidation is not a factor, as liquid carburizing salts are reducing. (h) Rack for holding six small crankshafts; exploded view shows a crankshaft in position. (i) Special rack for carburizing the outside diameters of bearing races. Holding plates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... stability diagrams. It provides an extensive amount of high-temperature corrosion data for metals and alloys in gaseous environments containing chlorine and hydrogen chloride; fluorine and hydrogen fluoride; bromine and hydrogen bromide; and iodine and hydrogen iodide. halogen gases high-temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280287
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
... Abstract Superalloys tend to operate in environments where they are subjected to high-temperature corrosion, oxidation, and the erosive effects of hot gases. This chapter discusses the nature of these attacks and the effectiveness of various protection methods. It describes the primary forms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230485
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter describes the corrosion behavior of beryllium in gaseous atmospheres, including oxygen, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide. It also discusses the development of high-temperature corrosion-resistant beryllium alloys. beryllium alloys beryllium corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... there are concerns about materials for use in molten salt and liquid metal environments. Gaseous corrosion is usually associated with high-temperature environments. Atmospheric corrosion is not considered a part of gaseous corrosion because the corrosion reaction occurs in a thin aqueous layer on the surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... pronounced as the strain-rate decreases. Hydrogen Attack Hydrogen attack is a high-temperature form of hydrogen damage that occurs in carbon and low-alloy steels exposed to high-pressure hydrogen at high temperatures for extended time. Hydrogen enters the steel and reacts with carbon either...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... in respect of the crankshaft journals are such that while good wear resistance is required, a high indentation resistance is not essential. A prime requirement exists for a good fatigue resistance. Following consultation with BOC Ltd., Leyland Vehicles Ltd. decided to initiate a program of work aimed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Sulfur is one of the most common corrosive contaminants in high-temperature industrial environments and its presence can cause a number of problems, including sulfidation. This chapter describes the sulfidation behavior of a wide range of alloys as observed in three types of industrial...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
..., and of fine metal powders in particular . Pyrodynamics 3 , 29 – 41 . Bates C. E. , Wren J. E. , Monroe R. , and Pears C. D. ( 1979 ). Ignition and combustion of ferrous metals in high pressure, high velocity, gaseous oxygen . J. Mater. Energy Sys . 1 , 61 – 76 . 10.1007...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
..., diffusion bonding, casting, heavy chemical deposition, or heavy electroplating. coating. A relatively thin layer ( 1 mm, or 0.04 in.) of material applied by surfacing for the purpose of corrosion prevention, resistance to high- temperature scaling, wear resistance, lubrication, or other purposes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... can be retarded by as much as 17 to 20%. Do not be misled by claims of case depths of 0.75 mm (0.030 in.) in an hour. Such case depths could not possibly be achieved via carburizing other than by using high temperatures of around 1040 °C (1900 °F). The rate of solid-state diffusion of any...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...), is used as a corrosion-resistant material in food processing and in high-temperature caustic and gaseous chlorine or chloride environments. However, alloying of nickel with other elements (e.g., chromium, copper, or molybdenum) greatly broadens its use in corrosion-resistant applications ( Fig. 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...) Iron-chromium nickel Chloride Dealloyed layer (Ni) Hydroxide Dealloyed layer or oxide High-temperature water Dealloyed layer or oxide α-brass Nitrite Oxide Copper Nitrite Oxide Ammonia (cupric) Porous dissolution zone Ferritic steel High-temperature water Oxide Phosphate...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... hydrogen gas conditions were employed (that is, the presence of moisture or an aqueous phase was not reported). Therefore, this is not strictly an SCC phenomenon because it is not associated with corrosion. Nevertheless, the occurrence of embrittlement of high-strength steels in the presence of gaseous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... that result in SCC are listed in Table 1.1 . Alloy/environment systems exhibiting stress-corrosion cracking Table 1.1 Alloy/environment systems exhibiting stress-corrosion cracking Alloy Environment Carbon steel Hot nitrate, hydroxide, and carbonate/bicarbonate solutions High-strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract High-strength steels are susceptible to stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) even in moist air. This chapter identifies such steels and the applications where they are typically found. It provides information on crack growth kinetics and crack propagation models in which hydrogen...