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high-level waste container materials

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... 500 ppm HCl ( Table 12.2 ). Even for the environment containing 4% HCl, the nickel-base alloys (alloys 825, 600, and 625) continued to show low corrosion rates. However, austenitic stainless steels exhibited high corrosion rates. This is illustrated in Table 12.3 . A level of 4% HCl was more than an...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... the various feedstock powders with C10100 specifications. The C10100 reference was initially established by the NWMO because it is one material that is extensively used in corrosion testing for its high purity of copper (>99.99%). A second reference copper within NWMO and other nuclear waste...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... alloys contain many alloying elements for various metallurgical reasons, such as improving the resistance to a certain mode of high-temperature corrosion, increasing tensile and creep-rupture strengths, or increasing wear resistance. Increasing the levels of some of these alloying elements can increase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... important than aqueous corrosion resistance. Prevention of high-temperature hydrogen damage is discussed in Chapter 4 . High-strength steels are used in applications where weight reduction is critical. Higher strength levels are developed by cold work, quenching and tempering, and precipitation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... properties may need to be known to a high level of precision ( Table 12.1 ). At the extreme, this requires the development of a detailed database from an extensive materials testing program. Fig. 12.1 Strength, σ f , plotted against density, ρ, for various engineering materials. Strength is yield...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... materials that can offer enhanced high-temperature creep strength, oxidation and corrosion resistance, and resistance to thermal fatigue. Therefore, it is mandatory to use materials with high strength levels and reduced wall thickness, resulting in low thermal stresses for the high-pressure, high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... implications that include materials replacement, fabrication, recommissioning, and lost product and sales. Where risks are potentially high, great effort is expended to select the optimal material for safe, low-maintenance service. The materials used to join the components into an assembly will require as...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... variations in material properties, critical tolerances, and any other performance parameters of the design (including the best manufacturing process using quality engineering and cost-modeling methodologies). Depending on the criticality of the part, material properties may need to be known to a high level...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... outage. On the other hand, a material with a needlessly high corrosion resistance is usually more expensive than the optimal material. Hence, the challenge of materials selection is to achieve adequate performance at the lowest possible cost. Corrosion resistance is not the only property to be...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... radiological protection practices, beryllium areas are defined at various levels based on the potential for exposure to personnel. The level of hazard control and personnel protective equipment is defined accordingly. Table 29.1 provides definitions of each area, the corresponding potential for exposure, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... conventional firing system ( Ref 1.4 ): Compact boiler design Permits use of many different types of fuels including coal, biomass, rice husk, bagasse, and other agricultural wastes. Inferior-quality fuels containing a high concentration of ash, sulfur, and nitrogen can also be used. Natural gas or...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... example, have enabled production of steels with carbon contents in the 0.06 to 0.08% range and allowed alloy additions to be made in small amounts and with predictable and high levels of recovery and accuracy. Continuous-casting practices have become available, and they require that the steels be fully...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... corrosion behavior of various commercial alloys in a simulated combustion environment containing a very high level of HBr (about 4%) at 593 and 927 °C (1100 and 1700 °F). The test gas (the inlet gas) consisted of 9% O 2 , 12% CO 2 , 4% HBr, 100 ppm SO 2 , and balance N 2 . The equilibrium partial pressures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... control it ( Ref 4 ). In applications such as bearings and gears, low friction is desirable, whereas high friction is required in materials used in brakes, clutches, and road surfaces. In each case, constant, reproducible, and predictable friction behavior is essential. Wear, along with corrosion and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.... If corrosion is suspected, determine if it is localized or general. Is it uniform or selective (pitting)? Is it in an area of contact with other materials? Does it have special characteristics indicative of high velocity flow (e.g., erosion, cavitation)? Does it leave an unusual appearing corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... to welding. Oxyfuel cutting is not effective on nickel alloys. High-current and heat-input welding conditions increase the likelihood of problems such as sensitization and solidification cracking; therefore, the heat input should be kept at low to moderate levels. A maximum heat-input...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... third environment, for which less data exists, contains either SO2 or O2-SO2 mixtures. chromium oxide oxygen activity sulfidation sulfur References 1. Lai G.Y. , J. Met. , July 1985 , p 14 2. Swales G.L. , in Behavior of High Temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... valves, could be placed on the oil tank of the press or at the floor level or below floor level. It is very easy to access the floor-based system, as shown in Fig. 4 . Fig. 2 Schematic of a direct extrusion press. 1, counter platen; 2, die slide or rotary die head; 3, shear; 4, billet container...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110447
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... than 1% of a monolayer. [13] ToF-SIMS is used to analyze the composition of 1-2 monolayers of the surface of materials, via detection of secondary ions generated from the surface of targeted material, under very high vacuum, which has been bombarded with primary ions. The schematics of basic ToF...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... and somewhat coarser with acid or rutile (TiO 2 ) flux compositions. During welding, the base metal, HAZ, and underlying weld passes experience stresses due to thermal expansion and contraction. On solidification, high levels of residual stress, often close to the material yield stress, remain as...