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high-carbon plain carbon steels

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... steel: the electric arc furnace and the basic oxygen furnace. It also provides information on the classification and specifications for various steels, namely, plain carbon steels, low-carbon steels, medium-carbon plain carbon steels, and high-carbon plain carbon steels. The chapter concludes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Medium-carbon steels are typically hardened for high-strength, high-fatigue-resistant applications by austenitizing, quenching to martensite, and tempering. This chapter explains how microalloying with vanadium, niobium, and/or titanium provides an alternate way to improve the mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... to these materials. The effects of microalloying additions to these steels are described in the following article, “ High-Strength Low-Alloy Steels ,” in this book. Alloy steels constitute a category of ferrous materials that exhibit mechanical properties superior to plain carbon steels as the result...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This chapter discusses various alloying and processing approaches to increase the strength of low-carbon steels. It describes hot-rolled low-carbon steels, cold-rolled and annealed low-carbon steels, interstitial-free or ultra-low carbon steels, high-strength, low-alloy (HSLA) steels, dual-phase...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... strengthen ferrite by precipitation hardening (see Ref 4 ). The latter group of additives are known as microalloying elements, and steels that make a significant contribution to strengthening are known as high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steels. These steels lie between what can be called a plain carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... of wrought forms (plate, bar, sections, etc.). Microalloying and grain refinement are briefly described in this chapter, but most quench and tempered steels are the AISI-SAE types of low-alloy steels ( Table 1 ) or plain carbon steels with medium to high levels of carbon. Nonetheless, even though plain low...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... the hardness and hardenability. Carbon steel, of course, is always the first choice in terms of material cost, but maximum hardness may require very high cooling rates with plain carbon steels. Alloying may permit the use of lower carbon content for a given application, as the decrease in hardenability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
.... Chandler H. , Ed., Nonresulfurized Carbon Steels (1000 Series) , Heat Treater’s Guide: Practices and Procedures for Irons and Steels , 2nd ed. , ASM International , 1995 , p 172 4. Chandler H. , Ed., High Manganese Carbon Steels (1500 Series) , Heat Treater’s Guide: Practices...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... of high-temperature heat treatments, and the effects of quench and strain aging. annealing ferrite low-carbon steels quench aging steel sheets steel strips strain aging Steels containing less than about 0.1% C and no significant alloying elements can conveniently be treated as a group...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410405
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... The carbon content of steel has a profound effect on the mechanical behavior of as-quenched martensite. Austenitizing treatments prior to quenching, by virtue of the high solubility of carbon in face-centered cubic austenite, cause carbon to dissolve into the octahedral sites of the crystal structure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... to environments in which a water phase is present (with the exception of alcohols) and thus does not include degradation such as high-temperature hydrogen attack or liquid-metal embrittlement. Table 2.1 Typical compositions and mechanical properties of common carbon and low-alloy steels UNS ASTM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.9781627082914
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... steels high-fracture-toughness steels maraging steels austenitic manganese steels high-strength low-alloy steels dual-phase steels transformation-induced plasticity steels nominal composition ALTHOUGH PLAIN CARBON STEELS are widely used, they are not adequate for all engineering applications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
...), the selected references listed at the end of the Chapter, and in the Appendix . The general category of carbon and low-alloy steels encompasses plain carbon steels, alloy steels, high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steels, and a variety of other low-alloy steels. Each of these subcategories is described...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... will occur. Austenite is never seen in plain carbon steels at room temperature. (An exception to this rule is quenched high-carbon steels, which contain mixtures of martensite and retained austenite.) This means that microstructures containing austenite, such as those shown in Fig. 3.2 to 3.5 , can only...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... is illustrated in Table 11.6 , which lists the recommended heat-treating practices for a variety of high-speed and tool steels. It can be seen that the austenitization temperatures increase from values typical of plain carbon and low-alloy steels, approximately 845 °C (1550 °F), all the way up to the extremely...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... of a limited number of the plain carbon steels. Notice that the first two digits of the code change from 10 to 11 for the free machining steels and from 10 to either 13 or 15 for high-manganese plain carbon steels. A complete list of the chemical compositions of all the plain carbon steels may be found in Ref...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... maraging steels typically have high levels of nickel, cobalt, and molybdenum with little carbon content and how that affects their dimensional stability, fracture toughness, weldability, and resistance to stress-corrosion cracking. maraging steel Composition Fracture toughness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... include water-hardening; shock-resisting; oil-hardening cold-work; air-hardening, medium-alloy cold-work; high-carbon, high-chromium cold-work; low-alloy, special-purpose; mold; hot-work; and high-speed tool steels. air-hardening tool steel annealing austenitizing high-carbon tool steel high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... consequently are not usually found in plain carbon steels, unless perhaps the aluminum content is unusually high (as is the case for the steel illustrated in Fig. 6.17 (Part 2) e and g ), but are the normal form of inclusions in cast irons. Type I sulfides are roughly circular in section ( Fig. 6.17...