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high-carbon plain carbon steels

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... steel: the electric arc furnace and the basic oxygen furnace. It also provides information on the classification and specifications for various steels, namely, plain carbon steels, low-carbon steels, medium-carbon plain carbon steels, and high-carbon plain carbon steels. The chapter concludes...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... Abstract The first step in the hardening of steel is getting it hot enough to form austenite, from which martensite can form upon quenching. Not all steels have the same austenitization requirements, however. High-carbon wear-resistant steels, such as bearing and tool steels, require...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... in carbon content from about 0.2 to about 1.0%, and the alloy content was up to as high as about 2% for certain elements. The hardness data for the plain carbon steels are shown in Fig. 5-41 , for tempering one hour. They then examined the effect of different elements on the hardness, to obtain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320217
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... Abstract Steel is broadly classified as plain-carbon steels, low-alloy steels, and high-alloy steels. This chapter begins by describing microconstituents of low- and medium-carbon steel, including bainite and martensite. This is followed by a section discussing the effect of alloying elements...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... The general category of carbon and low-alloy steels encompasses plain carbon steels, alloy steels, high-strength low-alloy (HSLA) steels, and a variety of other low-alloy steels. Each of these subcategories is described in the following sections. Plain Carbon Steels The more commonly used steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... transformed and held sufficiently long. The latter is called isothermal annealing , and depicted in Fig. 7-13 . In some steels the spheroidization process is accelerated by cycling just above and just below the eutectoid temperature, as depicted in Fig. 7-14 . This is especially useful in high carbon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... expense) is high. These steels of primary ferrite-pearlite structure go by different names, reflecting different uses and processing methods. The term structural steel is generally used to denote low carbon (<0.25% C), low alloy steels which are used for components in structures, such as I-beams...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240371
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... steels high-fracture-toughness steels maraging steels austenitic manganese steels high-strength low-alloy steels dual-phase steels transformation-induced plasticity steels nominal composition ALTHOUGH PLAIN CARBON STEELS are widely used, they are not adequate for all engineering applications...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.9781627083539
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... of a limited number of the plain carbon steels. Notice that the first two digits of the code change from 10 to 11 for the free machining steels and from 10 to either 13 or 15 for high-manganese plain carbon steels. A complete list of the chemical compositions of all the plain carbon steels may be found in Ref...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htgpge.t67320001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-347-8
... Abstract Modern gears are made from a wide variety of materials. Of all these, steel has the outstanding characteristics of high strength per unit volume and low cost per pound. Although both plain carbon and alloy steels with equal hardness exhibit equal tensile strengths, alloy steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... will begin to react with those elements that will readily form stable nitrides. The nitrides exhibit very high hardness values, particularly the aluminum nitrides. Can Plain Carbon Steel Be Nitrided? Contrary to popular belief, plain carbon steel or even plain iron can be nitrided ( Fig. 5 ). However...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560205
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
.... The distance over which diffusion must occur to make the composition uniform is that from the region of low concentration to that of high concentration, which is the dendrite arm spacing. In Fig. 6-12 , this is about 100 μm. Now if the steel with this microstructure is austenitized at 1100°C, and carbon...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... properties of different plain carbon steel compositions. Source: Ref 2.1 Figure 2.19 shows the effect of carbon content on the tensile strength and hardness of carbon steels. High-carbon steels can also be heat treated to form martensite, making the steel harder and stronger. Fig. 2.19...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... combinations of strength and toughness. Carbon steels fall into two groups: plain carbon steels and alloy steels. Plain carbon steels, for bar and forging applications, are defined as alloys with definite ranges of carbon and a maximum of 1.65 wt% Mn, a maximum of 0.60 wt% Si, a maximum of 0.60 wt% Cu...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
.... Classification of steels based on chemical composition is a widely used method. There are three very broad-based categories of steel based on composition ( Fig. 8.1 ): plain carbon steels, low-alloy steels, and high-alloy steels (which include stainless steels). Plain carbon and low-alloy steels are briefly...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... embrittlement, and the effect of wt% carbon on toughness. It also explains how alloying elements improve the hardenability and tempering response of plain carbon steels. alloying elements ductility hardenability steels tempering toughness THE IMPORTANCE OF TEMPERING can be illustrated through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... replaced by some form of ferrite + cementite, and on cooling to room temperature, no further changes in the resulting ferrite + cementite microstructure will occur. Austenite is never seen in plain carbon steels at room temperature. (An exception to this rule is quenched high-carbon steels, which contain...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... look more closely at the hardness-cooling rate curve. We will do this by using a continuous cooling TTT diagram for a plain carbon steel (1080, 0.8% C) and for an alloy steel (4340, 0.38% C, 0.75% Mn, 1.85% Ni, 0.80% Cr, 0.25% Mo). Since the TTT diagram depends on the prior austenite grain size, each...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Medium-carbon steels are typically hardened for high-strength, high-fatigue-resistant applications by austenitizing, quenching to martensite, and tempering. This chapter explains how microalloying with vanadium, niobium, and/or titanium provides an alternate way to improve the mechanical...