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high-carbon bearing steel

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
...Abstract Abstract The first step in the hardening of steel is getting it hot enough to form austenite, from which martensite can form upon quenching. Not all steels have the same austenitization requirements, however. High-carbon wear-resistant steels, such as bearing and tool steels, require...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410277
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
....2006.11.015 13.27 Hewitt W. , The Spheroidise Annealing of High-Carbon Steels and Its Effect on Subsequent Heat Treatment , Heat Treatment of Metals , Vol 9 , 1982 , p 56 – 62 13.28 Stickels C.A. , Carbide Refining Heat Treatments for 52100 Bearing Steel , Metall. Trans. , Vol...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170234
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... This characteristic, together with the absence of carbon, allows the steel to be age hardened to very high strength levels while minimizing changes in the shape of the part being hardened. The mechanical properties of 18Ni(250), cobalt-free 18Ni(250), and low-cobalt-bearing 18Ni(250) are compared in Table 2...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... commonly used high-strength alloy. It contains about 5% Zn, 2% Mg, 3% Cu,1.5%, and 0.3% Cr age hardened; and its tensile strength can be 83 ksi (570 MPa)—higher than many steels. However, this high-strength alloy has a Brinell hardness of only about 60, about the same as an annealed low-carbon steel. None...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... are preferred. For almost all tribological applications, high carbon content is needed. For example, H13 steel can achieve a hardness of 53 HRC, but its adhesive and abrasive wear characteristics are poor because it only contains 0.35% carbon. The annealed microstructures of carbon steels are the same...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.9781627083232
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... (polyethylene terephthalate) film. Original magnification: 32× Fig. 11.13 Wear results of block-on-ring tests on various plastics versus titanium and 316 stainless steel rings. POM, polyoxymethylene; PTFE, polytetrafluoroethylene; PE, polyethylene; PPS, polyphenylene sulfide; CF, carbon fiber; PI...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770051
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
.... (a) Phase diagram relations. (b) Continuous-cooling transformation curve for a high-carbon surface. (c) Micrograph of direct quenched 3%Ni-Cr carburized steel. 500×. Source: Ref 16 Fig. 3.8 Slow cooling to approximately the Ac cm temperature. Carbide formation with slow cool prior to quench...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... 0.13 0.70–1.00 0.07–0.12 0.16–0.23 … G12144 12L14 0.15 0.85–1.15 0.04–0.09 0.26–0.35 0.15–0.35 Pb (a) Single values are maximums. General comparison of mild (low-carbon) steel with various high-strength steels Table 8.6 General comparison of mild (low-carbon) steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... from the carbon saturation line. The carbide fraction in the Uddeholm AEB-L, which can be estimated from Fig. 13.14 , was taken as a standard, and the final column of the table presents the factor indicating the carbide fraction relative to this standard. For example, the high carbon content...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... without taking a permanent set for deformation. Another advantage of the nitrided case is that it will withstand high-temperature operating conditions with no significant loss of surface hardness. Nitrided hot-work tool steels are unlike carburized steels that rely on the diffusion of carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... and Quench , J. Heat Treat , March 1988 , p 17 – 21 46. Lyman J. , High Carbon Steel Microcracking Control during Hardening , J. Eng. Mater. Technol. (Trans. ASME) , Vol 106 , July 1984 , p 253 – 256 10.1115/1.3225711 47. Larén I. and Fredriksson H. , Relations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
...) specification Fig. 1 Family relationships for standard martensitic stainless steels Standard Grades The standard grades can be further subdivided into low-carbon, nickel-free martensitic stainless steels; low-carbon, nickel-containing martensitic stainless steels; and the high-carbon, high...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... Heat Treat. , Vol 1 , 1979 , p 64 – 71 10.1007/BF02833211 21.29 Jones K.D. and Krauss G. , Effects of High-Carbon Specimen Corners on Microstructure and Fatigue of Partial Pressure Carburized Steels , Proceedings of the Metals Society: Heat Treatment ’79 , 22–24 May 1979...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
.... Stage 2: Any retained austenite decomposes into carbides and ferrite. The percent retained austenite only becomes significant in high-carbon steels. Stage 3: The metastable carbides are replaced with small particles of cementite, the stable carbide of steels. [1] This stage occurs...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... on the manganese content and sometimes to a smaller extent on the residual alloys that are sometimes present. A hardenability curve for a high-manganese grade of carbon steel, 1541, is shown in Fig. 20 . This curve represents near maximum hardenability that can be obtained from any standard carbon grade...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... tool steels, including those with high carbon content, those with medium carbon content, and those containing nickel. low-alloy special-purpose tool steel metallurgy The low-alloy special-purpose tool steels, designated as group L steels in the AISI classification system, are similar...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... International A532, nickel-chromium-high carbon) has been used for decades for all types of abrasion applications. Steels are the material of choice for most tribosystems on consumer goods, and they are often the lowest-cost metal. Cast iron can be cheaper per part weight, but castings are usually never...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Induction hardened, tempered at 300 °C 350 Induction hardened, tempered at 400 °C 170 (a) Immediately subsurface, that is, 0.05 mm. Source: Ref 71 Fig. 98 Residual stress, carbon, nitrogen, and retained austenite through a carbonitrided case on SAE 1118 steel. Source: Ref 71...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... contributing factor to the favorable adhesive wear characteristics of cast iron may be its poor weldability. Adhesive wear involves cold (solid-state) welding of contacting surfaces. Cast irons, because of their high carbon content (and the graphite), cannot be welded by any conventional process without using...