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high-alloy iron

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Published: 01 January 2022
Fig. 7.46 High-alloy cast iron and white iron. Source: Ref 3 More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... Abstract This article discusses the production, properties, and uses of high-alloy white irons. It explains how the composition and melt are controlled to produce a large volume of eutectic carbides, making these irons particularly hard and resistant to wear, and how the metallic matrix...
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Published: 31 December 2020
Fig. 11 Effect of alloy content and austenitization temperature on the midpoint (50% transformed) of the transformation of austenite in a low-alloy and a high-alloy iron. Source: Ref 12 More
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 10.27 Classification of special high-alloy cast irons More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... hardening CAST IRONS, like steels, are iron-carbon alloys but with higher carbon levels than steels to take advantage of eutectic solidification in the binary iron-carbon system. Due to their relatively high silicon contents, commercial cast irons also are usually considered to be at least ternary Fe-C...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... such as silicon or copper ( Fig. 10.4 ). High carbon and silicon are the primary alloys that increase the graphitization potential of the iron as well as its castability. Fig. 10.4 Effect of alloying elements on the formation of either graphitic or white cast iron during eutectic solidification. Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
... (1674 °F). In superalloys, both iron and cobalt are stabilized by the addition of nickel to retain an fcc crystal structure throughout the gas turbine engine (GTE) application temperature range. 2.1 Nickel-Iron-Base Alloys Nickel-iron-base superalloys are characterized by their high toughness...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 1998
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ts5.t65900001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-358-4
... International , 1990 , p 764 13. Townsend A.S. , Alloy Tool Steels and the Development of High-Speed Steel Trans. Am. Soc. Steel Treat. , Vol 21 , Jan-Dec 1933 , p 769 – 795 14. Hadfield R.A. , Alloys of Iron and Chromium , J. Iron Steel Inst. , Vol 42 (No. 2 ), 1892 , p...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... temper embrittlement. Forms an undesirable iron phosphide (Fe 3 P) at high phosphorus levels (especially in cast irons) Sulfur (S) Usually considered an impurity in steel. Added to special steels for improved machinability Silicon (Si) An essential alloying element in most steels. Added...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
...-carbon-silicon alloys that usually contain 2.5 to 4% C, 1 to 3% Si, and additions of manganese, depending on the desired microstructure (as low as 0.1% Mn in ferritic gray irons and as high as 1.2% Mn in pearlitics). Sulfur and phosphorus are also present in small amounts as residual impurities. Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
.... There are property overlaps, and there may be more than one choice for a particular application and performance requirement. These varied types and grades of materials offer unique properties of different modes of wear resistance, corrosion resistance, and high-temperature resistance. Alloy cast iron is addressed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170614
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... quantities include high-purity and commercial purity irons, phosphorus irons, low-carbon steels, silicon (electrical) steels, nickel-iron alloys, iron-cobalt alloys, and ferritic stainless steels. (Large quantities of soft magnetic ceramic materials, i.e., ferrites, are also produced...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... of Alloying Elements The manufacture of high-quality ductile iron begins with the careful selection of charge materials that will give a relatively pure cast iron, free of the undesirable residual elements sometimes found in other cast irons. Carbon, manganese, silicon, phosphorus, and sulfur must...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... following the shakeout. Flash occurs at the parting plane and the core prints in metals and alloys of high fluidity such as gray and white iron. The flash needs to be removed after shot blasting. Metals such as ductile iron and steel have less fluidity, so there is less flash in the parting plane and core...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.t59320157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
... control arm is a typical example of coining. Malleable iron maintains good impact resistance at low temperatures. High-voltage lines that are exposed to low temperatures and whipping loads due to high winds are made of many malleable iron components. The machinability of malleable iron is excellent...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... than most steels, they are cheap, more readily cast than steels, and have other useful properties. With proper alloying, good foundry practice, and appropriate heat treatment, the properties of any cast iron can be varied over a wide range. Large tonnages of high-quality cast irons are produced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.9781627082976
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.isceg.9781627083324
EISBN: 978-1-62708-332-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... the as-cast matrix of CG iron from ferrite to pearlite. Typical ranges are 0.48% Cu or 0.033% Sn, 0.5 to 1% Mo, and up to 4.55% Al. Regardless of the alloying elements used, the high ferritizing tendency of CG iron should be taken into account. Figure 4 shows that even strong pearlite promoters...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hss.t52790007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-356-0
..., Germany, and the United States. Discovery of the Effect of Carbon on the Corrosion Resistance of Iron-Chromium Alloys (1898) In France, A. Carnot and E. Goutal reported their discovery that high carbon contents have a damaging effect on the corrosion resistance of iron-chromium alloys...