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high-alloy graphitic iron

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... to the melt, while the formation of graphite is enhanced by the addition of graphitizers such as silicon or copper ( Fig. 10.4 ). High carbon and silicon are the primary alloys that increase the graphitization potential of the iron as well as its castability. Compacted graphite iron can be substituted...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170062
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
.... Kovacs B.V. , Pearlitic Stabilization in Cast Irons , Trans. AFS , Vol 89 , 1981 , p 79 – 96 8. Austempered Ductile Iron , Ductile Iron Data for Design Engineers , QIT-Fer et Titane Inc. , 1990 , p 4–1 to 4–34 9. Metallurgy and Properties of High-Alloy Graphitic Irons , ASM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... , p 508 – 521 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005937 • Heat Treatment of Malleable and Compacted-Graphite Irons , Heat Treating of Irons and Steels , Vol 4D , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2014 , p 522 – 526 10.31399/asm.hb.v04d.a0005969 • Heat Treating of High-Alloy White Cast...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Volume 1, ASM Handbook , ASM International, 1990. Type A graphite flakes are uniformly distributed and randomly oriented throughout the iron matrix. Type A graphite is observed in inoculated irons with moderate cooling rates. The degree of undercooling during...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... , Casting , Vol 15 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1988 , p 667 – 677 • Stefanescu D.M. , Compacted Graphite Iron , Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Vol 1 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1990 , p 56 – 70 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.a0001004...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... J.R. , Ed., ASM Specialty Handbook: Cast Irons , ASM International , 1996 • ASM Handbook, Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Vol 1 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1990 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.9781627081610 Steels Carbon and Low-Alloy Steels...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140175
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... (2110 to 2100 °F) but not Fe 3 C, and therefore, graphite is a more stable phase. Thus, in iron-carbon alloys, Fe 3 C is actually a metastable phase. On cooling pure, high-carbon austenite, the graphite phase can form at the higher temperatures (given by the A gr line) than can the Fe 3 C cementite...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... decomposition more difficult because it dissolves in this phase. In manganese-containing iron-based alloys, cementite can be described as (Fe, Mn) 3 C. When the manganese content is high, it may counteract the effects of silicon and render the cast iron white. However, its main effect in common cast irons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... mechanical properties. Additional information on graphite morphology and its effect on properties can be found in Ref 1 . Etched in 2% nital. 1000× In addition to the unalloyed gray irons described above, moderate or low-alloy gray irons and high-alloy gray irons are also produced. The total amount...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... with the author within the Hardfacing Committee of the American Welding Society Welding Research Council, researcher Telfer Norman shows an estimate of the relative high-stress abrasion resistance of some alloy cast irons in Figure 7.10 . There are a significant number of material innovations that came from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... tonnage irons—gray and ductile. References 1 and 2 provide more complete information on all grades of cast irons including the compacted graphite and the special-purpose high-alloy grades. Essentially, cast iron is an alloy of iron, carbon, and silicon with a total carbon content much higher than...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170100
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... in silicon content is limited to ensure proper annealing during a short-cycle, high-production annealing process and to avoid the formation of primary graphite (known as mottle) during solidification of the white iron. Manganese and sulfur contents are balanced to ensure that all sulfur is combined...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... on the tempering response. With 5% Mo, high hardnesses are maintained at 550 °C (1020 °F). Fig. 7.10 Secondary hardening in steels containing chromium and molybdenum. Source: Ref 7.2 Most steels contain 0.10% C or less with no alloying elements except some manganese and silicon. These steels...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... and Co. , London , 1913 3. Howe H.M. , The Metallography of Steel and Cast Iron , McGraw-Hill , New York , 1916 4. Davenport E.S. and Bain E.C. , Trans. AIME , Vol 90 , 1930 , p. 117 – 144 . 5. Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... phase in these irons can be adjusted by alloy content and heat treatment to develop the proper balance between resistance to abrasion and the toughness needed to withstand repeated impact. All high-alloy white irons contain chromium to prevent formation of graphite on solidification and to ensure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Vol 1 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1990 10.31399/asm.hb.v01.9781627081610 • Samuels L.E. , Optical Microscopy of Carbon Steels , American Society for Metals , 1980 • Thielsch H. , Defects and Failures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... Copper-nickel-zinc, wrought(a) 620 90 124 18 Copper nickels, wrought(a) 586 85 90 13 Malleable irons, pearlitic grades; cast 552 80 310 45 High-strength low-alloy steels; wrought, as-rolled 552 80 290 42 Stainless steels, specialty grades; wrought, annealed 552 80 186 27...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
.... Source: Ref 3.1 In view of the difficulty in forming graphite in steels, the Fe-Fe 3 C diagram is the more pertinent for understanding the processing and heat treatment of steel. In cast irons, high carbon content and the usual high silicon additions promote graphite formation, and accordingly...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... than cementite) is the most thermodynamically stable form of carbon in the iron-carbon system. However, kinetic and mechanistic factors usually favor formation of the compound during solidification and subsequent cooling. Only in alloys containing high concentrations of carbon (cast irons...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... describing the effects of temperature variations on mechanical properties, both in tension and in compression. The nonlinear behavior of gray cast iron caused by the graphite flakes is then described. Finally, the effect of stress concentrations on high-strength metals is considered. elastic...