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heat-resistant steel castings

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060291
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... to reduce segregation, thus promoting greater microstructural uniformity. Stainless steel castings are usually classified as either corrosion-resistant castings (which are used in aqueous environments below 650 °C, or 1200 °F) or heat-resistant castings (which are suitable for service temperatures above...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract With typical alloy systems, casting is often the most convenient method by which to produce components. This is true for stainless steels, both for corrosion-resisting and for heat-resisting applications. This chapter discusses stainless steel casting alloys and their metallurgy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080445
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract This appendix is a collection of tables listing the chemical compositions of wrought ferritic steels; wrought stainless steels; cast corrosion- and heat-resistant alloys; wrought iron-, nickel-, and cobalt-base alloys; cast nickel- and cobalt-base alloys; oxide-dispersion-strengthened...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... Abstract This appendix contains tables listing the composition of austenitic, ferrite, martensitic, precipitation-hardenable, and duplex stainless steels and of Alloy Casting Institute heat- and corrosion-resisting casting alloys. chemical composition austenitic stainless steel duplex...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... introduced. This section examines each of these cast irons. Generally, the carbon and low-alloy steels come under a classification system based on composition. The higher-alloy steels (the stainless, heat-resistant, wear-resistant steels, etc.) can be classified according to many different...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... castability Design freedom to combine sections and form complex shapes. Advantages include: Cost advantage through reduced number of parts Weight reduction through thin wall capability Potential for high casting-quality Heat treat capability Ability to enhance engineering properties...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... and cementite. Heat treatment and alloying also can develop a martensitic or austenitic matrix, respectively, much like that in steels. As in steel, the five basic matrix structures in cast iron include: ferrite, pearlite, bainite, martensite, and austenite. Thus, cast irons can develop very complex variations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170242
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... in composition and heat treatment, primarily in the fields of earthmoving, mining, quarrying, oil well drilling, steelmaking, railroading, dredging, lumbering, and in the manufacture of cement and clay products. Austenitic manganese steel is used in equipment for handling and processing earthen materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... have compositions and properties similar to some of the wrought grades. Cast stainless steels are generally classified as corrosion-resistant grades and heat-resistant grades. Table 2 lists corrosion-resistant grades with cross references to their wrought equivalents where possible. Some...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Field of use Lightness Good heat and electrical conductivity Resistance to corrosion Decorative aspects (with or without surface treatment) Castings or forgings Formed sheet Impact extrusions Extruded sections Wire and cable Transport 1 … 2 2 2 2 … 2 … … Building 2 … 2 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... a special heat treatment that produces a bainitic microstructure, which is harder than an annealed microstructure. The equilibrium matrix microstructures that are possible in cast irons are ferrite, pearlite, and cementite. However, cast irons can be heat treated like steels. The hardened microstructure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
..., 420, and 440C can be quench hardened to yield a martensitic structure (the austenitic and ferritic grades cannot). The 440C grade (the hardest stainless steel grade) can also contain alloy carbides as a distinct phase—as tool steels do. Precipitation hardening is accomplished by heating a metal...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., and ladders. Magnesium is relatively inexpensive; easy to cast, machine, and weld; and its conductivity and heat capacity are relatively high. Magnesium alloys have very good damping capacity, and castings have found applications in high-vibration environments...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... distinct, particularly for steel castings used in the range from 480 to 650 °C (900 to 1200 °F). The usual distinction between corrosion-resistant (C-type) and heat-resistant (H-type) cast steels is based on carbon content, with the heat-resistant grades normally having higher carbon contents...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... discovers that the properties of cast aluminum alloys can be enhanced through heat treating and artificial aging. 1908 : In France, Philipp Monnartz discovers the improved corrosion resistance of steels with 12% chromium. Léon B. Guillet, a fellow countryman, reputedly made the alloy a few years earlier...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Compounds on Aqueous Corrosion , Process Industries Corrosion , National Association of Corrosion Engineers , 1986 , p 353 – 365 80. Wang M.T. et al. , Effect of Heat Treatment and Stress Intensity Parameters on Crack Velocity and Fractography of AISI 4340 Steel , Hydrogen in Metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... microstructures. Heat treated malleable irons also possess considerable ductility. References 1. Cast Irons , Properties and Selection: Irons, Steels, and High-Performance Alloys , Vol 1 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1990 , p 1 – 104...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... than most steels, they are cheap, more readily cast than steels, and have other useful properties. With proper alloying, good foundry practice, and appropriate heat treatment, the properties of any cast iron can be varied over a wide range. Large tonnages of high-quality cast irons are produced...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220551
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... Abstract Steels with chromium contents above 12% show high resistance to oxidation and corrosion and are generally designated as stainless steels. This chapter discusses the compositions, microstructures, heat treatments, and properties of martensitic, ferritic, austenitic, ferritic-austenitic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... be machined to accommodate the heat treat size change. Like carbon steels, these steels resist galling and wear (better than carbon steels) as long as the PV is low. When these steels are rubbed on each other or similar metals, it is common to impose a hard skin on them to further minimize adhesive...