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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560431
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... Abstract This appendix provides a description of the hardness code and specification of hardness numbers for metals. This appendix is a reprint of a graphic showing how to specify hardness values for metals obtained using various test methods. Reprinted from Kenneth H. Budinski...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560433
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... Abstract This appendix lists approximate equivalent hardness numbers and tensile strengths for Vickers hardness numbers for steel. This appendix is a reprint of a table giving approximate equivalent Brinell, Rockwell, Knoop, and Shore scleroscope hardness numbers and tensile strengths...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560435
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... Abstract This appendix lists approximate equivalent hardness numbers and tensile strengths for Brinell hardness numbers for steel. This appendix is a reprint of a table giving approximate equivalent Rockwell, Knoop, and Shore scleroscope hardness numbers and tensile strengths for Brinell...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... Abstract This appendix lists approximate equivalent hardness numbers and tensile strengths for Rockwell C and B hardness numbers for steel. This appendix is a reprint of tables giving approximate equivalent Brinell, Knoop, and Shore scleroscope hardness numbers and tensile strengths...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... discussed. In addition, the article provides information on the hardenability limits of H-steels after a note on hardenability correlation curves and Jominy equivalence charts. hardenability hardenability curves hardness Jominy end-quench test Jominy equivalence chart steel Introduction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Abstract The properties of martensite and the mechanisms that govern its formation are the key to understanding hardness and the hardenability of carbon steel. Martensite is a transformation product of austenite that requires rapid cooling to suppress diffusion-dependent transformation pathways...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410647
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... This appendix is a compilation of approximate equivalent hardness numbers and tensile strengths for carbon and alloy steels in the annealed, normalized, and quenched-and-tempered conditions. alloy steel carbon steel equivalent hardness number tensile strength Approximate equivalent...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.t53310025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-346-1
...Survey of the hardness testing procedures according to Rockwell, as far as they have been standardized in ISO 6508 and ASTM E 18 Table 1 Survey of the hardness testing procedures according to Rockwell, as far as they have been standardized in ISO 6508 and ASTM E 18 Definition...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.t53310001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-346-1
..., knives, files, and diamond powder to determine hardness. 1768 Kvist created a scale of hardness for minerals (diamond, 20; topaz, 15; zeolite, 13; quartz, 11; fluorite, 7; calcite, 6; gypsum, 5; chalk, 2). 1774 Werner rubbed a mineral against a fingernail and a knife or a piece of steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060465
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... Abstract This appendix includes tables and figures that provide approximate Brinell equivalent hardness numbers for steels. Brinell equivalent hardness number steel HARDNESS CONVERSIONS ( Fig. A3.1 and Table A3.1 ) are empirical relationships limited to specific categories...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Abstract This appendix is a collection of tables listing examples of published hardness conversion equations, approximate Rockwell B and C hardness conversion numbers for nonaustenitic steels, and equivalent hardness numbers for Brinell hardness numbers and Vickers (diamond pyramid) hardness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... Abstract This chapter discusses the general principles of measuring hardness and hardenability of steel. The discussion begins by defining hardness and exploring the history of hardness testing. This is followed by a discussion on the principles, applications, advantages, and disadvantages...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850334
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract Hardness tests provide valuable information about the quality of materials and how they are likely to perform in different types of service. This chapter covers some of the most widely used hardness testing methods, including Vickers, Rockwell, and Brinell tests, Shore scleroscope...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.t53310091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-346-1
...Minerals of the hardness scale according to Mohs Table 1 Minerals of the hardness scale according to Mohs Mohs hardness Mineral Hardness, HV 1 Talc 2.4 2 Cement 36 3 Calcite 110 4 Fluorite 190 5 Apatite 540 6 Feldspar (potassic feldspar) 800 7 Quartz...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.t53310119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-346-1
...Scopes of application of hardness test procedures for elastomers Table 1 Scopes of application of hardness test procedures for elastomers Hardness testing method Scope of application Shore A according to ISO 7619-1, ISO 868, ASTM D 2240, JIS K 6301 Soft rubber, elastomers, natural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.9781627083461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-346-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses the operating mechanism, applications, advantages, and limitations of Brinell hardness testing, Rockwell hardness testing, Vickers hardness testing, Scleroscope hardness testing, and microhardness testing. In addition, the general precautions and selection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1996
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpclas.t64560432
EISBN: 978-1-62708-353-9
... Abstract This appendix presents a comparison of hardness tests on indenters for different loads along with the applications of these tests. This appendix is a reprint of a graphic showing comparisons of hardness values determined using various test methods. Reproduced from Metal Progress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260187
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the extrusion characteristics of hard aluminum alloys, particularly those in the 5000 and 7000 series. It begins with a review of two studies, one showing how the extrudability of 7 xxx alloys varies with the presence and amount of different alloying elements...
Image
Published: 01 December 2000
Fig. 9.2 Recommended maximum surface hardness and effective case depth hardness vs. carbon percent for induction-hardened gears More