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halogen gases

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... stability diagrams. It provides an extensive amount of high-temperature corrosion data for metals and alloys in gaseous environments containing chlorine and hydrogen chloride; fluorine and hydrogen fluoride; bromine and hydrogen bromide; and iodine and hydrogen iodide. halogen gases high-temperature...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... instruments is ~5% relative or 0.05% absolute, whichever is greater, and for direct reading and charge coupled device (CCD) instruments, ~1% relative or 0.01% absolute, whichever is greater. The limitations of OES are: Elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, halogens, and noble gases cannot be...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... been used to handle elevated-temperature caustic environments. The various types of attack by high-temperature gases usually are referred to as oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, nitriding, and halogen-gas corrosion. In oxidizing, sulfidizing, and carburizing gases, high chromium contents, such...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.9781627083027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... flameretardance properties. The flame resistance of epoxy and other thermoset polymers, such as polyesters, can be improved by using flame retardants such as aluminum oxide trihydrate, halogenated compounds in combination with antimony oxide, and phosphorus and phosphorus-halogen compounds. Thermoplastics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... , KNO 3 , AgNO 3 ) Applying cathodic potentials Eliminating halogens or halides from methanol Reducing alloy grain size and interstitial content If possible, using higher-molecular-weight alcohols or other solvents in place of anhydrous methanol Strategies include: Considering...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... volatile phases and molten salts. It is important for designers and others to recognize that several corrosion elements might simultaneously be involved in an application (e.g., oxygen, halogen, and sulfur) ( Table 2 ). Materials selection for high-temperature service needs to be reviewed for each...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... increase wear resistance. Lastly, small molecules called plasticizers are added to polymers to decrease the glass transition temperature and elastic modulus. In the past, halogen-containing compounds were used for flame retardants, but because of toxicity and environmental concerns these compounds are...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... corrosion, pitting and crevice corrosion, intergranular corrosion, and galvanic corrosion. Stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen embrittlement are also common modes of attack. High-temperature halogen ion solutions, high-temperature waters, and high-temperature alkaline...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... actually slow the rate of attack because the salt, rather than the underlying metal, is preferentially attacked. Environments that contain chlorine or other halogens are particularly aggressive. The oxide scale formed on steel during hot rolling varies with the operation performed and the rolling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170495
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... the corrosion resistance, strength, and structure of nickel alloys Element Effect Nickel Improves high-temperature strength Improves resistance to oxidation, nitridation, carburization, and halogenation Detrimental to sulfidation Improves metallurgical stability Improves...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... heating) can be readily torch brazed. Although any flame-producing device can be used for torch brazing, commercial applications are accomplished with the same type of torch, controls, and gases used for torch fusion welding. Conversion to brazing merely requires changes in torch nozzles and goggle lenses...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170550
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., particularly in halogen acids. Alloys used for brazing include palladium-cobalt alloys, such as the vacuum brazing alloy BVPd-1 (UNS P03657 with 65% Pd-35% Co). Pd-4.5% Ru is a standard jewelry alloy, in both cast and wrought forms, and palladium-ruthenium alloys up to 12% Ru are also used for electrical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240583
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... mill products are used in the fabrication of corrosion-resistant process equipment, including reaction vessels, columns, bayonet heaters, shell and tube heat exchangers, U-tubes, rupture diaphragms, and orifices. At elevated temperatures, niobium reacts with the halogens, oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... halogen environments. In general, acidic environments are separated into two categories: oxidizing and reducing. Titanium exhibits excellent resistance in most oxidizing acids, notably nitric acid and chromic acid. However, in reducing acids, such as hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid, titanium...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... (including tap water), and even to salt residues from fingerprints. Since the original finding that hot halogenated salts can damage titanium, the phenomenon has been studied extensively. Although much has been learned about the reaction, relative susceptibility, and related variables, it is generally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480265
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... fastening operations. However, titanium characteristics that affect mechanical joining include: Brittle nature of oxide scale Hot forming requirements Machining characteristics Susceptibility to halogen stress corrosion Methods used to compensate for these characteristics in mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3