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halogen corrosion

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... stability diagrams. It provides an extensive amount of high-temperature corrosion data for metals and alloys in gaseous environments containing chlorine and hydrogen chloride; fluorine and hydrogen fluoride; bromine and hydrogen bromide; and iodine and hydrogen iodide. halogen gases high-temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract Although zirconium resists stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) where many alloys fail, it is susceptible in Fe3+- and Cu2+-containing solutions, concentrated HNO3, halogen vapors, mercury, cesium, and CH3OH + halides. This chapter explains how composition, texture, stress levels, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940451
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... 2251, Test Method for Metal Corrosion by Halogenated Organic Solvents and Their Admixtures • D 2570, Method for Simulated Service Corrosion Testing of Engine Coolants • D 2649, Test Method for Corrosion Characteristics of Solid Film Lubricants • D 2671, Test Methods for Heat-Shrinkable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... by high-temperature gases usually are referred to as oxidation, sulfidation, carburization, nitriding, and halogen-gas corrosion. In oxidizing, sulfidizing, and carburizing gases, high chromium contents, such as in type 310 (25% Cr, S31000) or its cast variant HK (J94224), improve resistance to...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.9781627083027
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... ,” Naval Research Laboratory , 1972 10.5 “ Accelerated Crack Propagation of Titanium in Methanol, Halogenated Hydrocarbons, and Other Solutions ,” DMIC Memorandum 228, Defense Metals Information Center, Battelle Memorial Institute , March 6 , 1967 10.6 Wanhill R.J.H. , Aqueous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090419
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... Abstract This chapter describes nondestructive evaluation (NDE) test methods and their relative effectiveness for diagnosing the cause of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC) service failures. It discusses procedures for analyzing various types of damage in carbon and low-alloy steels, high-strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230459
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... ) can react violently. If hot, the concentrated acid, in reacting with beryllium, forms SO 2 , sulfur, and/or H 2 S. The free energies of reaction of beryllium with the halogens are strongly negative and therefore are correspondingly favorable to reaction. The basic reactions are: Be + 2 H...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... corrosion, and galvanic corrosion. Stress-corrosion cracking (SCC), corrosion fatigue, and hydrogen embrittlement are also common modes of attack. High-temperature halogen ion solutions, high-temperature waters, and high-temperature alkaline environments can cause environmentally assisted cracking. In order...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... important for designers and others to recognize that several corrosion elements might simultaneously be involved in an application (e.g., oxygen, halogen, and sulfur) ( Table 2 ). Materials selection for high-temperature service needs to be reviewed for each individual part and application. Alloy steels and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... environments according to the most common causes of failure of a component in service. The most common failures are associated to the attack by a specific element, such as oxygen (which causes oxidation), carbon (carburization and metal dusting), sulfur (sulfidation), halogen (e.g., chlorination), and nitrogen...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... (including tap water), and even to salt residues from fingerprints. Since the original finding that hot halogenated salts can damage titanium, the phenomenon has been studied extensively. Although much has been learned about the reaction, relative susceptibility, and related variables, it is generally...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.9781627082822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... then attacked. Corrosion by direct chemical attack is the single most destructive force against steel surfaces. Substances having chlorine or other halogens in their composition are particularly aggressive. Galvanized roofing has been known to corrode completely within six months of construction...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Fe-Ni-Cr-Mo and Ni-Cr-Mo alloys in dilute reducing acids, hot aqueous halides, oxidizing-acid halides, and wet halogen environments. In general, acidic environments are separated into two categories: oxidizing and reducing. Titanium exhibits excellent resistance in most oxidizing acids, notably...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... ions of the halogen family (fluorine, chlorine, bromine, and iodine) are largely responsible for promoting transgranular SCC. Of the halides, the chloride ion causes the greatest number of failures. Figure 18 shows an example of transgranular SCC in type 316 stainless steel. Note that cracking has...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... manual is also available from NACE International. Table 3 Environmental resistance of common rubber lining materials Common name ASTM D 1418 designation Resistance to (a) : Permeability to gases Ozone Oxidation Water Alkalies Aliphatic Aromatic Halogenated Alcohol Acids...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Abstract Aluminum products are used extensively in natural atmospheres and in and around water. They are also widely used in building materials and as containers for chemicals and food and beverage products. This chapter discusses the corrosion mechanisms associated with these environments and...