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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420263
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... industry. It also provides examples showing how CALPHAD has been used to determine the formability of metallic glass, calculate the dilation of stainless steel during phase transformation, and predict the beta transus and approach curves of commercial titanium alloys. CALPHAD approach Gibbs energy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the properties and processing characteristics of glass, aramid, carbon, and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fibers and related product forms, including woven fabrics, prepreg, and reinforced mats. It also includes a review of fiber terminology as well as...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter examines the static, fatigue, and damage tolerance properties of glass, aramid, and carbon fiber systems. It also explains how delaminations, voids, porosity, fiber distortion, and fastener hole defects affect impact resistance and strength. aramid fibers carbon...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... and slurry casting, liquid metal infiltration, spray deposition, powder metallurgy, extrusion, hot rolling, and forging. The chapter also provides information on continuous-fiber aluminum and titanium composites as well as particle-reinforced titanium and fiber metal (glass aluminum) laminates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... mechanical fastening, adhesive bonding, and, for thermoplastic composites, welding; the making of glass-to-metal seals; and joining of oxide and nonoxide ceramics to themselves and to metals by solid-state processes and by brazing. The classification, types, applications, and the mechanism of each of these...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... polymers, as shown for the epoxy and nylon matrices in Table 10.1 . Table 10.1 Glass-filled epoxy and nylon strength and stiffness Property Unfilled epoxy Glass-filled epoxy, 35% Unfilled nylon Glass-filled nylon, 35% Glass-filled nylon, 60% Density, g/cc 1.25 1.90 1.15 1.62...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... fibers have greater flexibility and are more amenable to fabrication processes such as weaving or forming over radii. Typical fibers include glass, aramid, and carbon, which may be continuous or discontinuous. Fig. 8.2 Typical reinforcement options. Source: Ref 8.1 The continuous phase is...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170587
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... strip Glass-to-metal seals Thermostatic strip Vessels and piping for storage and transportation of liquefied natural gas Superconducting systems in power transmissions Integrated-circuit lead frames Components for radios and other electronic devices Structural components in optical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... material temperature limits. Carbon-carbon (C-C), carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP), ceramic matrix composite (CMC), carbon-silicon carbide (C-SiC), glass-ceramic matrix composite (GCMC), metal matrix composite (MMC), silicon-aluminum-oxygen-nitrogen (SIALON) While reinforcements such as fibers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... of diamond pastes/suspensions Alumina suspension (5μm, 1μm, 0.5μm) Co-silica (0.05μm) Glass slides and cover slips Scriber to cut slides Tweezers Small rubber squeegee to apply lapping films Potting epoxies Molds for epoxies Allied High Tech EpoxyBond 110™ (Allied High Tech...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., polyesters, vinyl esters, and bismaleimides, are generally much easier to process with low void levels. An important consideration in selecting any plastic (thermoset or thermoplastic) is the glass transition temperature. The glass transition temperature ( T g ) is a good indicator of the temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110545
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... assembled into an array. Failure analysis techniques of full modules need to be general enough to adapt to all forms of modules. Crystalline or polycrystalline Si panels use multiple cells assembled onto a glass superstrate to form a module. Thin film photovoltaic materials including amorphous Si, CdTe, Cu...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870255
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
..., electrical, insulation, and/or energy absorption characteristics. Fig. 9.1 Why sandwich structures are so efficient. Source: Ref 1 Fig. 9.2 Efficiency of the sandwich structure. Source: Ref 1 Commonly used facesheet materials are aluminum, glass, carbon, and aramid. A typical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... the fibers provide the strength and stiffness, it is appropriate to consider fiber selection first. Glass fibers are the most widely used reinforcement because of their good balance of mechanical properties and low cost. E-glass is the most common glass fiber and is used extensively in commercial...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550621
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Aluminum 177 5.6 Rubber 134.5 4.3 Glass 88.5 2.8 Copper/electrical equivalent 43.5 1.4 Powder metal 26 0.8 Lead 24 0.8 Zinc die castings 16 0.5 Other materials 68.5 2.2 Fluids/lubricants 188.5 6.0 Total 3149.5 100 Note: HSLA, high-strength, low...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... carbon-base materials are stable to temperatures approaching 3000 °C (5430 °F). Fig. 11.4 Relative material temperature limits. CFRP, carbon fiber-reinforced plastic; GMC, glass-matrix composite; MMC, metal-matrix composite; GCMC, glass-ceramic-matrix composite; CMC, ceramic-matrix composite; C-C...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... addition, smaller-diameter high-strength fibers have greater flexibility and are more amenable to fabrication processes such as weaving or forming over radii. Typical fibers include glass, aramid, and carbon, which may be continuous or discontinuous. Fig. 1.1 Typical reinforcement types The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110042
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... vacuum at approximately 3x10 8 meters/second and nearly the same speed in air. Light travels more slowly in other materials such as glass or water. Light travels approximately 50% more slowly in glass than in air. If the air/glass interface is bent or curved a plane wave will strike and slow on one...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... matrix absorbs moisture from the atmosphere, it reduces the glass transition temperature T g in the manner shown for the carbon/epoxy and carbon/bismaleimide composites in Fig. 15.2 . As moisture is absorbed, the temperature at which the matrix changes from a glassy solid to a softer, more viscous...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... cure temperatures and long cure times give the highest glass transition temperatures, T g . When these are combined with high functionality (for example, four reactive end groups), the highest possible crosslink densities are achieved, which yield strong, stiff, but somewhat brittle structures. The...