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gas-metal systems

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... by Gibbs energy changes. It plots the energy of formation for many important metal oxides and explains how to construct isothermal stability diagrams to analyze complex reactions involving metals, alloys, and gases containing more than one reactive component. gas-metal systems isothermal stability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... they facilitate uniform metal flow into the die cavity of large deep-drawn parts. blank holder force cushion systems deep drawing material flow IN DEEP DRAWING, the sheet metal blank is subjected to restraining force at its periphery by the blank holder while it is forced to flow into the die cavity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...-in instability in MEMS/NEMS: A Review ”, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical , Vol. 214 , Elsevier , 2014 , pp. 187 - 218 . 10.1016/j.sna.2014.04.025 [51] Nicollian E.H. , Brews J.R. , MOS (Metal Oxide Semiconductor) Physics and Technology , Wiley ( New York , 1982 ). [52] Zaghloul...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... as published in Ref 7.5 Fibrous growth in the succinonitrile-20% ethanol system, in which the velocity is above the critical velocity for particle engulfment, is shown in Fig. 7.4 . Similar microstructures are observed in metallic systems such as Cu-60%Pb and Bi-50%Ga alloys, as shown in Fig. 7.5...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Exner H.E. and Petzow G. , Peritectic Structures , Metallography and Microstructures , Vol 9 , Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , American Society for Metals , 1985 , p 675 – 680 6.2 Peritectic Solidification , Casting , Vol 15A , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 2008 10.31399...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... about failure analysis address component or material failures. Component failures are relatively easy to address (e.g., resistors can fail open or sometimes short circuit; metal parts can fail in fatigue, in tension, or in other discernable failure modes; plastic components can experience brittle...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... in the connection of systems not to place dissimilar metals in contact with each other without the use of a galvanic fitting. For example, if the heat exchanger has copper pipe but the inlet water connection is made with steel pipe, galvanic fittings should be used. Fig. 3.8 Calcium-clogged water paths due...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... 3.12 . No corrosion occurs with nonconductive fibers such as glass or aramid, nor does corrosion occur if the metal is galvanically similar to carbon, such as titanium or stainless steel. Studies have shown that increases in temperature and bare exposed carbon edges accelerate the deterioration...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... welding, gas metal arc welding, gas tungsten arc welding, plasma arc welding, plasma-GMAW welding, electroslag welding, and electrogas welding. The basic characteristics of gases used for shielding during arc welding are briefly discussed. electrogas welding electroslag welding flux cored arc...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract The overall chemical composition of metals and alloys is most commonly determined by x-ray fluorescence (XRF) and optical emission spectroscopy (OES). High-temperature combustion and inert gas fusion methods are typically used to analyze dissolved gases (oxygen, nitrogen, and hydrogen...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030096
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... metal austenite may suffer preferential pitting in alloy-depleted regions. This attack is independent of any weld metal precipitation and is a consequence of microsegregation or coring in weld metal dendrites. Preferential pitting is more likely: In autogenous (no filler) gas-tungsten arc (GTA...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
..., hydrogen atoms can be absorbed at the surface and then diffuse into the metal. Hydrogen atoms in the metal then react with iron carbide forming methane gas which can accumulate at grain boundaries and other interfaces. The chapter describes two applications, one in coal-fired boilers, the other...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Many metallic components, such as retorts in heat treat furnaces, furnace heater tubes and coils in chemical and petrochemical plants, waterwalls and reheater tubes in boilers, and combustors and transition ducts in gas turbines, are subject to oxidation. This chapter explains how...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... sure that the only difference between the groups is the factor being evaluated. The U.S. Navy uses an aerial refueling system based on the probe-and-drogue concept. This approach involves extending a hose with a metal basket on the end (the drogue). The aircraft to be refueled flies to the drogue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses the erosion and erosion-corrosion behaviors of metals and alloys. It includes data primarily related to particle-laden gas streams impacting on the metal surface. It also covers properties and applications and provides guidelines for materials selection...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This chapter explains how to achieve accurate, sharp delineation of the microstructure of metals using appropriate etching and contrasting techniques. It covers a variety of methods, including chemical etching, heat tinting, gas contrasting, vapor deposition, magnetic etching, ion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560309
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... welding it is not so distributed but is made to flow into an open gap. In either event, a volume of the workpiece adjacent to the intended joint must be heated to a temperature above the liquidus temperature of the filler metal. This may be done by local heating (e.g., with a gas torch or by induction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... the temperature. The indicating phase of the system must, however, be calibrated and set for the two dissimilar metals used in the thermocouple. The accuracy of the measurement depends primarily on the accuracy of the temperature sensor and the connecting lead wire ( Table 2 ). The accuracy of the digital...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Division of General Motors • Tanner L.E. , 1980 . The Stable and Metastable Phase Relations in the Hf-Be Alloy System , Acta Metall. , Vol 28 ( No. 12 ), p 1805 – 1816 10.1016/0001-6160(80)90034-6 Most of the work done over the last 60 years or so to investigate alloying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Industries, Inc. Coatings of many materials, including metals (aluminum, copper, titanium, zinc, etc.), alloys (Ni-20Cr, 316SS, etc.), and composites, can be produced with this system, using nitrogen as the process gas. This system can also be used to produce coatings of high-strength materials...