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gas analysis

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... zone formation. Emphasis is placed on the effect of sputtering on the kinetics of compound zone formation. The discussion covers the processes involved in process gas control analysis by photo spectrometry and mass spectrometry and the difficulties associated with gas analysis. compound zone...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
..., and hydrogen) and, in some cases, carbon and sulfur in metals. This chapter discusses the operating principles of XRF, OES, combustion and inert gas fusion analysis, surface analysis, and scanning auger microprobe analysis. The details of equipment set-up used for chemical composition analysis as well...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
...Abstract Abstract This report describes the failure of a gas turbine in a combined-cycle power plant and the examination and tests that were conducted to determine the cause. Based on microstructural analysis, hardness measurements, and tensile tests, the failure was attributed to inadequate...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... of the finished product. Because of this, material loss, as scale or scrap, is a prime factor in any economic analysis. Scaling occurs during heating of steels prior to forming or during heat treating processes. In heating of steel billets to hot working temperatures in air using gas-fired furnaces, scaling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... control of the atmosphere supply before it is introduced into the furnace. Such control is achieved through the use of atmosphere control devices. For success in metallurgical atmosphere control, gas analysis instrumentation must be applied to the furnace and at the gas generator, if one is used...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
.../h (2.2 lb/h), reported in U.S. dollars Approach Capital cost, $1000s Comments Thermal, air 20 120 h cycle, applicable to oxide powders Thermal, inert 40 Heated retort, requires gas flow Vacuum 55 and up Requires cold trap, mechanical pumped system Sublimation 40 Large...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... temperature or time Composition, thermal stability, evolved gas analysis Thermomechanical analysis (TMA) Dimensional changes over temperature Coefficient of thermal expansion, material transitions, molded-in stress, chemical compatibility Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) Elastic modulus, viscous...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290035
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... Temperature Effects 3.8.6 Shear Rate Effects 3.8.7 Decomposition 3.8.8 Thermogravimetric Analysis 3.8.9 Evolved Gas Analysis 3.8.10 Atmosphere Effects 3.8.11 Contamination Characteristics 3.9.1 Solubility Parameter 3.9.2 Wetting The specification of polymers used in binders may...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... to 45 μm particle size distributions are the most common. Inert Gas Atomization Particle size and distribution has a very strong influence on the cold spraying process itself. The general rule for reaching the maximum DE is to have as narrow a particle size distribution as possible. Practically...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...-633 8235/Helium-kill-iPhone-Hospital-finds-gas-leaks-completely-disabled-Apple-phones-watches.html , Oct. 31 , 2018 . [65] Huang C-A. , Fang SK , Hsu K. , “ The integration metrology analysis tools of MEMS multi-bonding interface inspection solution ”, 2017 IEEE 24th Int'l...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... patterning, probe pad fabrication Bulk silicon removal, TEM lamella preparation, package deprocessing, package and BEOL failure analysis, 3D tomography [10] Figure 1 Modeled sputter yield (y) and implant depth of Cs + , Xe + , Ga + , Ar + , Ne + , and He + with a beam energy of 30keV...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...: Etching and Deposition with a Precursor Gas ” EIPBN 2018 . [98] Wu H. , Ferranti D. , Stern L. A. ,. Xia D. , Phaneuf M.W. , “ Implications of Helium and Neon Ion Beam Chemistry for Advanced Circuit Editing ” Proc 37th Int’l Symp for Testing and Failure Analysis , San...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...+ Ash analysis (a) , %   SiO 2 51.0 41.7 32.6 62.4   Al 2 O 3 34.0 20.0 13.4 21.5   Fe 2 O 3 3.5 19.0 7.5 3.0   TiO 2 2.4 0.8 1.6 0.5   CaO 0.6 8.0 15.1 3.0   MgO 0.3 0.8 4.3 1.2   Na 2 O 0.7 1.6 7.4 0.6   K 2 O 2.6 1.6 0.9 0.9   P 2 O 5...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...: Ref 44 Corrosion behavior of various alloys in an ammonia converter Table 4.14 Corrosion behavior of various alloys in an ammonia converter Converter No. Component Material Gas temperature, °C NH 3 Time of operation, yr Thickness of nitride, μm (mils) Average nitriding, μm/yr...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter presents the salts used and the process advantages of salt bath nitriding. It describes bath testing and analysis including the materials and equipment, analysis procedure, and determination of sodium carbonate and sodium cyanate for titration testing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Dykhuizen R.C. and Smith M.F. , Gas Dynamic Principles of Cold Spray , J. Therm. Spray Technol. , Vol 7 , 1998 , p 205 – 212 10.1361/105996398770350945 3.2 Stoltenhoff T. , Kreye H. , and Richter H.J. , An Analysis of the Cold Spray Process and Its Coatings , J...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...Weight loss of Cr<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub> on heating in dry O<sub>2</sub> and Ar environments Table 3.2 Weight loss of Cr 2 O 3 on heating in dry O 2 and Ar environments Run Temperature, °C (°F) Time, h Gas Gas flow, mL/min Weight loss, mg 1 1100 (2010) 20 Dry O 2 200...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
...: Failure Analysis of a Mill Gear with Defect Caused by a Shrinkage Pore Example 2: Failure Analysis of a Mill Gear with Defect Caused by a Shrinkage Pore Types of Gas Porosity Defects Behavior of Gases How to Treat Pinhole and Blowhole Problems Clean Steel The Formation of Macroinclusions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
...Examples of Dry Etch Recipes (Courtesy of Trion Technologies, Inc.)<xref rid="t91110379-ref1" ref-type="bibr">[1]</xref> Table A Examples of Dry Etch Recipes (Courtesy of Trion Technologies, Inc.) [1] Material Gas RIE Power Range (W) ICP Power Range (W) Pressure (mTorr) ICP Turbo...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... are able to detect very small (20 nm) and very large (1 mm, or 0.04 in.) particles at the same time. To avoid agglomeration, the particles are dispersed just prior to analysis, using high-velocity gas or ultrasonic agitation. For laser light scattering, the dispersed particles pass through a detector...