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galvanic protection

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... to find a low-resistance path, such as a buried metal pipe or some other metal structure, and will flow to and from that structure, causing accelerated corrosion. Galvanic corrosion and stray-current corrosion are very similar in that they both show protected cathodic sites and preferentially...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... over a more reactive metal. Galvanic corrosion of the substrate can occur at pores, damage sites, and edges in the noble metal coating. Sacrificial metal coatings provide cathodic protection of the more noble base metal, as in the case of galvanized steel or Alclad aluminum. Magnesium, zinc, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... protection cathodic protection corrosion behavior galvanic couples coatings corrosion inhibitors CORROSION is an oxidation reaction where the corroding metal is the anode in an electrochemical cell. In addition to the anode, there are three other components that are necessary for corrosion to occur...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... coatings BOTH CATHODIC AND ANODIC PROTECTION METHODS involve modification of a metals potential. In these methods, the potential of the metal to be protected is shifted, either by the application of a direct current from a power supply or by galvanic action from the connection of dissimilar metals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030180
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... corrosion control. Cathodic protection is based on using electrochemistry to slow or stifle the corrosion reaction. Direct currents (dc) generated by galvanic metallic couples or external power sources flow in such a direction as to shift the potential of the cathode to a value at which the corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030184
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... control in which the oxidation reaction in a galvanic cell is concentrated at the anode, which suppresses corrosion of the cathode in the same cell. Figure 1 shows a simple cathodic protection system. The steel pipeline is cathodically protected by its connection to a sacrificial magnesium anode buried...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... mechanisms: barrier protection, chemical inhibition, and galvanic (sacrificial) protection. This chapter begins with a section on organic coating and linings, providing a detailed account of the steps involved in the coating process, namely, design and selection, surface preparation, application, and...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240509
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... anodized surfaces will readily corrode if exposed to the atmosphere. After iron, aluminum, and copper, zinc is the fourth most highly used industrial metal. The main uses of zinc are galvanizing steel for corrosion protection; zinc-base die castings; and as an alloying element in copper, magnesium, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... presents a simple model of a galvanically coupled electrode, in which the metal is represented as an array of anode and cathode reaction surfaces. The chapter goes on to develop the related theory of mixed electrodes, showing how it can be used to predict corrosion rates based on measured potentials and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter describes issues related to corrosion of carbon steel weldments and remedial measures that have proven successful in specific cases. The forms of corrosion covered includes preferential heat affected zone corrosion, preferential weld metal corrosion, and galvanic corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... pipe walls perforated rapidly at pinholes in the galvanizing while trying to protect the extensive adjacent galvanized area. Similar situations can occur when using zinc to cathodically protect hot subsea pipelines where the polarity shift is a direct result of the increase in temperature. Another...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240323
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... layer, it forms a local anodic area, and corrosion is accelerated. Table 18.2 Galvanic series in seawater Cathodic (protected) Platinum Gold Graphite Titanium Silver Stainless steels (passive) Nickel-base alloys (passive) Cu-35%Zn brass Nickel-base alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... electrolyte, iron will corrode because it is more anodic than copper. However, if iron is coupled to zinc, the iron is now protected because it is cathodic compared to zinc. The further away from each other two metals are on the galvanic series, the greater will be the tendency for corrosion. On the other...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses some important factors involved in the atmospheric corrosion of engineering materials. The discussion begins with a description of elements necessary for the operation of a galvanic corrosion cell and corrosion reactions, followed by the types of atmospheric...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., mechanical or chemical rupture of a protective oxide coating, galvanic corrosion from a relatively distant cathode, the formation of a metal ion or oxygen concentration cell under a solid deposit (crevice corrosion), and the presence of biological organisms. The rate of pitting is related to the...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., and then only for as short a time as possible. The principle of galvanic corrosion can be used to protect a structural metal by contact with a sacrificial (expendable), more anodic metal. The most common example is the use of zinc to protect iron or steel. The steel may be dipped into molten zinc...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
..., fluid movement, surface preparation and coating procedures, and compatibility, insulation, and stress considerations. Design solutions for specific forms of corrosion, namely crevice corrosion, galvanic corrosion, erosion-corrosion, and stress-corrosion cracking, are then considered. A brief section is...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310011
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... theory as it pertains to corrosion resistance of stainless steels. The discussion provides an overview of electrochemical reactions, Faraday's law, the Nernst equation, galvanic versus electrochemical cells, corrosion tendency, and Pourbaix diagrams. corrosion stainless steel corrosion prevention...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... Abstract This chapter describes the factors that affect the corrosion performance of aluminum assemblies joined by methods such as welding, brazing, soldering, and adhesive bonding. The factors covered include galvanic effects, crevices, and assembly stresses in products susceptible to stress...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030172
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
...-metal contamination, blast residues, flux inclusions, and galvanic attack. corrosion resistance magnesium alloys chemical composition heat treatment grain size cold working heavy-metal contamination blast residues flux inclusions galvanic attack MAGNESIUM AND MAGNESIUM ALLOYS are...