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fused salt

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090303
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
..., and strain rate affect the SCC behavior of zirconium and its alloys. It describes environments known to induce SCC, including aqueous solutions, organic liquids, hot and fused salts, and liquid metals. It also discusses cracking mechanisms and SCC prevention and control techniques. stress-corrosion...
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Published: 01 November 2007
Fig. 12.9 Maximum thickness loss of corrosion probes exposed at metal temperature 550 °C (1020 °F) for 3000 h in WTE boilers as a function of the sum of heat of fusion (corresponding to the amount of fused salt) of the deposits. The open data points are Type 347H, and the solid data points More
Book Chapter

By Kenneth A. Walsh
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... molten beryllium and sodium chloride salt-mix is a low-temperature commercial process. Conversion of beryl ore into beryllia precedes the fused salt electrolysis, and several purification techniques are followed to produce high-purity beryllium metal. A new modified beryllium chloride-beryllium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... formed on the metal, thus causing rapid corrosion attack. The corrosion mechanism is essentially hot corrosion involving a fused salt in an oxidizing environment. The hot corrosion mechanism involving fused Na 2 SO 4 has been extensively studied in high-temperature corrosion of gas turbine components...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... is related to the amount of the fused salt in the deposit, with higher heat of fusion indicating a larger amount of fused salt. The deposits exhibited melting points from approximately 330 to 650 °C (625 to 1200 °F), as shown in Fig. 12.8 ( Ref 32 ). The figure also indicates that larger amounts of salt...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... of the paint film or allow corrosion to progress beneath the paint film and cause it to fail prematurely. The principle surface contaminants that adversely affect the performance of paint films include oils, greases, dirt, rust, mill scale, water, and salts such as chlorides and sulfides...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2024
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtpp.t59380153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-456-7
... Resist water on surface, maintain geometry SAE 1045 steel, rough ground, induction hardened, straightened, finish ground, phosphate coated Costly operations and material SAE 1010 steel liquid-nitrided 90 min in low-cyanide fused salt at 570 to 580 °C (1060 to 1075 °F) (d) (a) Resulted...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... included among the rejected candidates are potassium acid sulfate, potassium acid fluoride, sodium, carbonate, and others. The search for less expensive sources of alkali led to the lime fusion process of Bayliss and Derry [1963] . The addition of large amounts of CaCO 3 to beryl before fusing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
.... 21.3.2 Liquid Carburizing Liquid carburizing is carried out in a bath of fused salt containing 20 to 50 wt% sodium cyanide, up to 40 wt% sodium carbonate, and varying amounts of either sodium or barium chloride. The bath temperature ranges from 870 to 955 °C (1600 to 1750 °F). Carburization time...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080409
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Abstract Containment materials used in power generating applications are subject to molten salt corrosion. This chapter reviews the data relevant to corrosion problems in molten salt environments. It describes the corrosion behavior of steel, aluminum, nickel, and titanium alloys in molten...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... and crystallization under vacuum. The salt is continuously removed by centrifugation and washed lightly. The mother liquor and washings are returned to the evaporator. In the second stage of the process, fused and solidified beryllium fluoride glass is produced. The (NH 4 ) 2 BeF 4 salt is charged...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... they contain oxidizing agents, the effect of these materials is not as aggressive as it is in the high-temperature fused salts. Consequently, organic materials are not destroyed, but they are saponified and absorbed. Silicate barrier films and molybdenum disulfide are soluble in these low-temperature salts...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... and Canada ( Ref 1 ), 70% offered carburizing services, of which: 48% offered gas atmosphere carburizing 19% offered pack carburizing 12% offered salt-bath carburizing 5% offered carburizing in fluid beds 2% offered vacuum carburizing 1% offered plasma (ion) carburizing Thus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... by directing an air- ejected chemical emulsion containing fine abrasives against the surface to be finished. 246 / Surface Engineering for Corrosion and Wear Resistance liquid nitriding. A method of surface hardening in which molten nitrogen-bearing, fused-salt baths containing both cyanides and cyanates...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
.... Chloroberyllate compounds have not been isolated from aqueous systems, but they have been isolated from anhydrous fused salt mixtures. Beryllium Fluoride Beryllium Fluoride, BeF 2 properties differ sharply from those of the chloride, bromide, and iodide. Beryllium fluoride is essentially an ionic compound...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... in the presence of EDTA (added as the ammonium salt), the ignited precipitate should be fused with sodium carbonate, and the cooled melt should be leached with water to remove the aluminum or phosphate. The residue is ignited and weighed as BeO. In general, beryllium amounts determined by the hydroxide method...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
... composition, designation, and grade of nearly two dozen commercial titanium alloys and the different types of media (including oxidizers, organic compounds, hot salt, and liquid metal) in which SCC has been observed. It discusses the mechanical and metallurgical factors that influence SCC behavior...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... compounds 480–590 (900–1100) 125 μm–0.75 mm (5–30 mils) 50–70 Salt Diffused nitrogen, nitrogen compounds 510–565 (950–1050) 2.5 μm–0.75 mm (0.1–30 mils) 50–70 Ion Diffused nitrogen, nitrogen compounds 340–565 (650–1050) 75 μm–0.75 mm (3–30 mils) 50–70 Carbonitriding and nitrocarburizing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Electrolyte composition 1. NaClorKCl 2. NaCl plus 48 atomic wt % KC1 Current density 1 A/cm2 APPENDIX H 589 Voltage dc 3 2 Conditions Temp., °C Time, min 950 700 Comments Fused salt electrolyte (Rowland). Fused salt electrolyte (Brouillet). Solutions for platinum Electrolyte composition 1. NaCl or KC1 2. NaCl...