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forming equipment

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Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 33 Air-actuated power drop hammer equipped for drop hammer forming. Source: Ref 20 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... and cooling techniques, material handling, die design, and forming equipment [ Altan et al., 1983 ] The development in forming technology has increased the range of shapes, sizes, and properties of the formed products enabling them to have various design and performance requirements. Formed parts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... forming operation such as heat transfer or friction coefficients are difficult to define quantitatively. For a given material and shape, the surface transformations occurring in the plastic deformation zone are controlled by the equipment, tooling, and work piece/tool interface. The metal flow...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... is associated with at least one type of forming machine (or “equipment,” as it is sometimes called in practice). The forming machines vary in factors such as the rate at which energy is applied to the workpiece and the capability to control the energy. Each type has distinct advantages and disadvantages...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
.... It explains how to determine strip width and bending sequences and identifies the cause of common roll-forming defects. It also discusses the selection of roll materials and explains how software helps simplify the design of roll forming lines. forming equipment roll forming IN ITS GENERAL FORM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Abstract This chapter describes the equipment and processes used to form titanium alloy parts. It discusses the advantages and disadvantages of hot and cold forming, the factors that influence formability, and the effect of forming temperature and lubricants. It describes common processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Abstract Any forming process that converts stored energy to plastic deformation in less than a few milliseconds is considered a high-velocity or impulse forming process. This chapter discusses the operating principles, equipment, and applications of the most common high-rate forming processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pnfn.t65900193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-350-8
... and wiring techniques used in liquid nitrocarburizing. (a) Typical holding basket for small parts, equipped with a funnel for loading parts into the basket without splashing. Funnel, which is made of sheet metal, also insures that parts are coated with salt before nesting together. Basket may be made...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...) establishing the limits of formability or producibility, i.e., determining whether it is possible to form the part without surface or internal failure, and (c) predicting the forces and stresses necessary to execute the forging operation so that tooling and equipment can be designed or selected...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... and optimization of forming processes require (a) analytical knowledge regarding metal flow, stresses and heat transfer as well as (b) technological information related to lubrication, heating and cooling techniques, material handling, die design and manufacture, and forming equipment. 1.4 Classification...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... and displacement variations are given for a forming process using a 2500 ton hydraulic press equipped with either accumulator or direct-drive systems. Fig. 11.3 Load and displacement versus time curves obtained on a 2500 ton hydraulic press in upsetting with direct drive. 1, start of deformation; 2, initial...
Image
Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 12 Closed-die forging with flash. (a) Schematic diagram with flash terminology. (b) Forging sequence in closed-die forging of connecting rods. Source: Ref 9 Definition In this process, a billet is formed (hot) in dies (usually with two halves) such that the flow of metal from More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... precipitate at high temperatures, forming a coating, popularly termed a scale , on the ID side of the boiler tubes. Sources of impurities include condenser cooling water, process condensate, pretreatment or make-up water, chemical feed impurities, and leakages from utility equipment such as pump seals...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... of the refinery equipment that is in contact with the high-temperature, high-pressure hydrogen gas stream. Hydrogen atoms then diffuse into the steel and react with iron carbide (Fe 3 C) in the steel to form methane gas (CH 4 ) according to Reaction 17.1. Methane gas then accumulates at grain boundaries and other...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
..., dimensional accuracy, and stiffness as well as die change procedures. forming presses sheet metal forming EACH SHEET FORMING PROCESS is associated, in a practical sense, with at least one type of sheet forming machine or equipment. The sheet forming equipment varies by the rate at which energy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500273
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Abstract This chapter describes incremental sheet forming processes, including single-point, two-point, and kinematic (two tool) techniques. It provides information on the tooling and equipment used, work flow and forming parameters, process mechanics and forming limits. It also discusses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
.... The emphasis in this chapter, as well as in other chapters in this book, is on aqueous corrosion, or corrosion in environments where water is present. The chapter describes the classification of various forms of corrosion based on the nature of the corrodent, mechanism of corrosion, and appearance...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... and the classifications, designations, and grades of available product forms. It also explains how aluminum alloys are used in aerospace, automotive, rail, and marine applications as well as in building and construction, electrical products, manufacturing equipment, packaging, and consumer durables such as appliances...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030292
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., metal surfaces covered with (oftentimes, sulfur-containing) corrosion products will be exposed to air and moisture. This can lead to pitting and other forms of localized corrosion and stress-corrosion cracking unless preventive measures are implemented. When equipment is washed with water during...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... are mechanically worked to produce sheet, bar, tube and other product forms. However, steel castings are produced in the final product form without any intermediate mechanical working. Steel castings are near net shape products. Although cast steel accounts for only 10% of the total foundry industry sales...