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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
.... It discusses the effect of normal and planar anisotropy, the development and use of flow stress curves, and how formability is usually measured and expressed. It explains how formability measurements serve as a guide for process and tool design engineers as well as others. It also discusses the development...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... of the formability of a material in all situations. However, as discussed in this chapter, the uniaxial tensile test is one of the most widely used tests for determining sheet metal formability. This chapter describes the effect of material properties and temperature on sheet metal formability. Information...
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Published: 01 October 2011
Fig. 17.7 Yield strength and formability (in terms of tensile ductility) of conventional high-strength steels (HSS) and advanced high-strength steels (AHSS). See text for description of steel types. More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 3.11 Relationships between strength or hardness and formability for various steel grades. More
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 8.6 Tensile strength and formability during hot forming. UTS, ultimate tensile strength. Source: Ref 8.6 More
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Published: 01 December 2001
Fig. 34 Effect of magnesium and manganese on the formability of aluminum alloys in the annealed and H34 tempers; 1.6 mm (0.064 in.) thick sheet More
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Published: 01 March 2002
Fig. 6.17 Effect of forming direction relative to rolling direction on formability of Rene 41 nickel-base superalloy sheet in press-brake bending. Sheet thickness 0.02 to 0.187 in. (0.5 to 4.75 mm) More
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Published: 01 October 2012
Fig. 9.5 Materials properties and formability as a function of reinforcement particle size. Source: Ref 9.4 More
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Published: 01 August 2012
Fig. 15.16 Variation in formability at room and elevated temperatures. (a) Bulge height: 12 mm (0.5 in.); room temperature. (b) Bulge height: 38 mm (1.5 in.); 225 °C (435 °F). Source: Ref 5.8 More
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Published: 01 August 2012
Fig. 9.5 Formability tests. (a) Tensile test. (b) Hoop test. (c) Cone expansion test More
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Published: 01 August 2012
Fig. 9.6 Schematic of the hydraulic bulge test tooling for determining formability of tubular materials. Source: Ref 9.5 More
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Published: 01 August 2018
Fig. 7.11 Highly formable hot-rolled steel (C = 0.042%, Mn = 0.2%) used for demanding forming, such as hermetic compressor shells. Microstructure composed of polygonal ferrite and fine globular grains of cementite. Etchant: nital 2%. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... Abstract This chapter describes the formability and forming characteristics of low-carbon sheet steels, coated sheet steels, stainless steels, and aluminum and magnesium alloys. It provides property data as well as flow stress curves for numerous grades of each material and explains how...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... Abstract This chapter is a brief account of the composition, microstructures, heat treatment, deformation mechanisms, mechanical properties, formability, and special attributes of austenitic stainless steels. chemical composition microstructure heat treatment deformation mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... to localized deformation. This combination of phases gives TRIP steels the high formability of austenite during the initial stages of the stamping process followed by the high strength of martensite at the end of the forming process. Transformation-induced plasticity steels are characterized by high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700071
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... Abstract This chapter summarizes the performance attributes of advanced high-strength steels, namely stiffness, strength, strain hardening, fatigue, crashworthiness, formability, toughness, and bake hardening. advanced high-strength steels stiffness mechanical strength strain hardening...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... simulation formability tube bending tube hydroforming TUBE HYDROFORMING (THF) is a material-forming process that uses a pressurized fluid in place of a hard tool to plastically deform a given tubular material into a desired shape ( Fig. 9.1 ). At stage A, the tube is placed on the die cavity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... heat transfer, die heating techniques, and press systems. It also discusses the effect of forming temperature, punch velocity, blank size, and other parameters on deep drawing processes, making use of both experimental and simulated data. aluminum alloys deep drawing die heating formability...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700127
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... that exists during hot rolling or annealing of the material is transformed to martensite during quenching and/or post-forming heat treatment. Martensitic steels are often subjected to postquench tempering to improve ductility and can provide good formability even at extremely high ultimate tensile strengths...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 September 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stmflw.t59390389
EISBN: 978-1-62708-459-8
.... A review of test and modeling approaches for sheet metal formability is given by Bruschi, et al. [ 50 ]. 12.3.1 Material Properties An important point to note is that in most sheet metalworking processes, yielding occurs in a predominantly tensile stress state. Typical conditions range from balanced...