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forging equipment

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Published: 01 September 2008
Fig. 4 Forging equipment characteristics; relationship between process and machine variables More
Image
Published: 01 June 2008
Fig. 16.12 Forging equipment More
Image
Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 5 Forging equipment. (a) Large forge hammer. (b) 15,000 ton hydraulic press. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 February 2005
Fig. 2.1 One-blow impression-die forging considered as a system: (1) billet, (2) tooling, (3) tool/material interface, (4) deformation zone, (5) forging equipment, (6) product, (7) plant environment More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... and Energy Requirements in Forming It is useful to consider forming load and energy as related to forming equipment. For a given material, a specific forming operation (such as closed-die forging with flash, forward, or backward extrusion, upset forging, bending, etc.) requires a certain variation...
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Published: 01 January 2015
Fig. 10.5 Forged titanium sporting equipment More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
..., and the influence of equipment-related parameters such as press speed, contact time, and tooling geometries. forging heat transfer temperature 6.1 Introduction In metal forming processes, both plastic deformation and friction contribute to heat generation. Approximately 90 to 95% of the mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...) establishing the limits of formability or producibility, i.e., determining whether it is possible to form the part without surface or internal failure, and (c) predicting the forces and stresses necessary to execute the forging operation so that tooling and equipment can be designed or selected...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... The continuous development of forging technology requires a sound and fundamental understanding of equipment capabilities and characteristics. The equipment, i.e., presses and hammers used in forging, influences the forging process, since it affects the deformation rate and temperature conditions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... Abstract Prior to forging, it is often necessary to preform billet stock to achieve adequate material distribution. This chapter discusses the equipment used for such operations, including transverse rolling machines, electric upsetters, ring-rolling mills, horizontal presses, and rotary...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
... Abstract Forged aluminum products vary widely in their production methods and applications. The forging process allows for control of microstructure and directional properties, and their fatigue and fracture resistance are superior to shape castings. This chapter presents the types, equipment...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... formulas for calculating shearing force, work, and power and describes various ways to increase production rates. billets shearing shearing equipment 13.1 Introduction Forging stock must be cut from the initial mill products, usually rolled round or round-cornered square bars, into billets...
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Published: 01 November 2013
the die cavity is restricted. The excess material is extruded through a restrictive narrow gap and appears as flash around the forging at the die parting line. Equipment Anvil and counterblow hammers; hydraulic, mechanical, and screw presses Materials Carbon and alloy steels, aluminum alloys More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... nature of shape to be created; strain, strain rate, and load requirements Forging —equilibrium forging temperature, strain and strain rate, workpiece volume control, forge equipment, loading and transfer devices, lubrication, parts collection, inspection, and annealing Trimming Causes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... control of the working temperature and strain rate. It describes the materials typically used as well as equipment and tooling, die heating procedures, part separation techniques, and postforging heat treatment. forgings hot-die forging isothermal forging nickel alloys titanium alloys 20.1...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... press are shown in Fig. 5 . Fig. 5 Forging equipment. (a) Large forge hammer. (b) 15,000 ton hydraulic press. Source: Ref 2 Hammers Forging processes using hammers are the most versatile and the least expensive. Hammers are used primarily in hot forging and coining. Basically...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
..., and resistance to impact and fatigue. Forged components find application in the automobile/automotive industry, aircraft, railroad, and mining equipment. Some parts can be forged in a single set of dies while others, due to shape complexity and material flow limitations, must be shaped in multiple sets...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Abstract Most integrated titanium mills have primary working equipment designed specifically for titanium. This chapter describes the forging, rolling, and extruding equipment used to produce titanium mill products and sheds light on the corresponding process, structure, property relationships...
Image
Published: 01 November 2013
Fig. 10 Open-die forging. Source: Ref 9 Definition Open-die forging is a hot forging process in which metal is shaped by hammering or pressing between flat or simple contoured dies. Equipment Hydraulic presses, hammers Materials Carbon and alloy steels, aluminum alloys More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... Abstract This chapter discusses the equipment and processes used to convert titanium billet and bar into useful shapes or more refined product forms. These secondary working operations include open-die, closed-die, hot-die and isothermal forging as well as ring rolling and extruding...