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forging equipment

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
..., and the influence of equipment-related parameters such as press speed, contact time, and tooling geometries. forging heat transfer temperature 6.1 Introduction In metal forming processes, both plastic deformation and friction contribute to heat generation. Approximately 90 to 95% of the mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...Abstract Abstract Prior to forging, it is often necessary to preform billet stock to achieve adequate material distribution. This chapter discusses the equipment used for such operations, including transverse rolling machines, electric upsetters, ring-rolling mills, horizontal presses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... with accurate control of the working temperature and strain rate. It describes the materials typically used as well as equipment and tooling, die heating procedures, part separation techniques, and postforging heat treatment. forgings hot-die forging isothermal forging nickel alloys titanium alloys...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...Abstract Abstract Most integrated titanium mills have primary working equipment designed specifically for titanium. This chapter describes the forging, rolling, and extruding equipment used to produce titanium mill products and sheds light on the corresponding process, structure, property...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...Abstract Abstract This chapter discusses the equipment and processes used to convert titanium billet and bar into useful shapes or more refined product forms. These secondary working operations include open-die, closed-die, hot-die and isothermal forging as well as ring rolling and extruding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... and Energy Requirements in Forming It is useful to consider forming load and energy as related to forming equipment. For a given material, a specific forming operation (such as closed-die forging with flash, forward, or backward extrusion, upset forging, bending, etc.) requires a certain variation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... and discusses redesign from fabrication, forgings, and cast iron. The chapter also includes the benefits of redesign. cast iron fatigue strength forgings material substitution steel castings Introduction Parts of machines and equipment that have previously been designed as wrought...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... The continuous development of forging technology requires a sound and fundamental understanding of equipment capabilities and characteristics. The equipment, i.e., presses and hammers used in forging, influences the forging process, since it affects the deformation rate and temperature conditions...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040151
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... includes formulas for calculating shearing force, work, and power and describes various ways to increase production rates. billets shearing shearing equipment 13.1 Introduction Forging stock must be cut from the initial mill products, usually rolled round or round-cornered square bars...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
..., and cleanliness Shape sequencing —general nature of shape to be created; strain, strain rate, and load requirements Forging —equilibrium forging temperature, strain and strain rate, workpiece volume control, forge equipment, loading and transfer devices, lubrication, parts collection, inspection...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040007
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
...) establishing the limits of formability or producibility, i.e., determining whether it is possible to form the part without surface or internal failure, and (c) predicting the forces and stresses necessary to execute the forging operation so that tooling and equipment can be designed or selected...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
..., and resistance to impact and fatigue. Forged components find application in the automobile/automotive industry, aircraft, railroad, and mining equipment. Some parts can be forged in a single set of dies while others, due to shape complexity and material flow limitations, must be shaped in multiple sets...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740103
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... increasing forging difficulty (from a to d) with increasing rib height and decreasing web thickness. Source: Ref 7 Fig. 5 Forging equipment. (a) Large forge hammer. (b) 15,000 ton hydraulic press. Source: Ref 2 Fig. 4 Grain flow from forging. Source: Ref 5 Fig. 8...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400129
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... transfer press lines. References References 9.1 Schuler GmbH , Metal Forming Handbook , Springer , 1998 9.2 Altan T. , Boulger F.W. , Becjer J.R. , Akgerman N. , Henning H.J. , “Forging Equipment, Materials, and Practices,” Metals and Ceramics Information...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.9781627083003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... up to approximately 1360 kg (3000 lb). A large hammer forge and hydraulic press are shown in Fig. 16.12 . Fig. 16.12 Forging equipment Open-die forgings, also know as hand forgings, are produced in dies that do not provide lateral restraint during the forging operation. In this process...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... be summarized as: (a) the billet material properties, (b) the tooling/dies, (c) tool/workpiece interface conditions, (d) forging equipment, (e) mechanics of the deformation zone, and (f) the environmental conditions. The major objectives of analyzing any forging operation are: Establish the kinematic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... and inspection with macrophotography or some type of nondestructive method. The only equipment necessary for visual inspection is a bench on which to place the forging and suitable cranes or hoists for forgings that are too heavy to lift by hand. Good and well controlled lighting conditions are essential...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... and excessive transportation times between heating and forging. Coatings may be applied to the billets before heating in order to reduce scale formation [ Dahl et al., 1998 ]. 22.6.4 Forging Equipment The press or hammer type influences the length of the contact time. Increased contact times result...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
..., and the expense of idling the equipment when not in use. The bottom-line operating-cost difference of $300,000 per year suggests a reasonable payback period for the induction system, whose estimated initial investment cost was $600,000. Heating of Nonferrous Billets Prior to Forging/Extrusion Cost data...