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fluid dynamics

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Abstract The modeling and simulation activities in the field of high-pressure cold spray can be divided into two main parts: solid mechanics and fluid dynamics. This chapter focuses on these parts of modeling work in cold spray research. The discussion covers the objective, principal concepts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... of the dynamic viscosity (η) to density (d) at a specified temperature and pressure: V = η / d However, the viscosity index (VI) may be just as important as the viscosity. It is a measure of viscosity change of a fluid with temperature. The higher the VI, the less change in viscosity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... when discussing the thermomechanical properties of both thermoplastic and thermosetting resin systems. Polymers are viscoelastic; that is, they respond to stress as if they were a combination of elastic solids and viscous fluids, but not always in a stable 50-50 proportion. The balance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., for example, becomes pitted with steep-sided pits that group together in patterns reflecting the fluid dynamics. Hard materials experience localized microcracking and chipping from the pressure pulses. Brittle materials, such as glass and some plastics, appear to develop surface cracking at minute surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., and pipelines. The following sections provide information on the factors influencing corrosivity of produced fluids and the methods of inhibitor application. The chapter discusses the primary causes of corrosion problems and inhibition in waterfloods and provides an overview of bacteria-induced corrosion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740213
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... be achieved through conventional machining methods, the mechanics of chip formation, the factors that affect tool wear, the selection and use of cutting fluids, and the determination of machining parameters based on force and power requirements. It also includes information on nontraditional machining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... to the extremely hazardous nature of the fluids and gases processed in refineries, the safety and well being of both plant employees and the public are put at risk by corrosion. Catastrophic failures could result in severe damage to entire process units, neighboring communities, and the environment. In the United...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
.... Red penetration dye (DYKEM Steel Red layout fluid, Illinois Tool Works, Inc.), dark-field illumination, 25× objective Fig. 9.8 Higher-magnification view of the microcracks in the intraply region of the thermoplastic-matrix glass fiber composite. Red penetration dye (DYKEM Steel Red layout...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... designer will likely opt not to use them. Molecular dynamics became popular in about 2010 for modeling sliding couples at the atomic or molecular level. A few hundred atoms of member a are loaded on a similar number of atoms (or molecules) of member b , and banks of computers spend a week or so...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
..., fixturing, cutting and grinding fluids, and tooling modifications. broaching cutting tools drilling grinding superalloys turning Introduction General Comments Machining is used in the manufacture of superalloy parts. Regardless of size, virtually any part needs some sort of machining...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030247
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... in Ref 1 to 14 . The initially oxygen-free geologic environment may be altered by a variety of oxygen-contaminated fluids that can be introduced. Examples are drilling fluids (often referred to as “muds”), which are used during drilling and maintenance of wells. These can include high-density clear...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
.... The interdisciplinary science behind cold spraying includes topics from fluid dynamics, high-strain-rate mechanics, materials science, and engineering. In this chapter, materials science is primarily considered. This chapter reviews the current understanding of kinetic spraying for different materials, covering widely...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... manufacturing COLD SPRAY (also called cold gas dynamic spray, or CGDS) coatings technology has the potential to provide surface enhancement for applications in sectors such as defense and aerospace, oil and gas, power generation, medical, automotive, electronics, and railways. Nanostructured materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... Oil type and its persistence Elemental sulfur/aeration Fluid velocity Type of flow The following sections discuss the effects of these parameters on corrosivity and provide information explaining why it is critical to examine the parameter interactions prior to capturing the synergistic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... with either the formation of H + ions from H 2 molecules or the formation of H 2 molecules from H + ions; the metal substrate itself does not enter into the reaction. For a single half-cell reaction at equilibrium, a dynamic state exists in which charges move in equal numbers in each direction across...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... vary from those described here. Machinability Factors affecting the machinability of metals include tool material, tool geometry, cutting fluid, machine settings, and the properties of the workpiece material ( Ref 13.1 – 13.16 ). The machinability of a metal affects machining costs from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... both limits and advantages. In service at elevated temperature, the life of a metal component is predictably limited, whether subject to static or dynamic loads. In contrast, at lower temperatures, and in the absence of a corrosive environment, the life of a component in static service is unlimited...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Abstract This chapter describes sheet metal forming operations, including cutting, blanking, piercing, and bending as well as deep drawing, spinning, press-brake and stretch forming, fluid forming, and drop hammer and electromagnetic forming. It also discusses the selection and use of die...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... Thermal conductivity watt per meter kelvin W/m · K Velocity meter per second m/s Viscosity, dynamic pascal second Pa · s Viscosity, kinematic square meter per second m 2 /s Volume cubic meter m 3 Wavenumber 1 per meter l/m Conversion factors Table A1.2 Conversion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... analysis, namely differential thermal analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, thermal-mechanical analysis, and dynamic mechanical analysis. The following sections provide details on X-ray diffraction for analyzing crystalline phases and on a minimal scheme for polymer analysis and characterization to assist...