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fluid dynamics

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Abstract The modeling and simulation activities in the field of high-pressure cold spray can be divided into two main parts: solid mechanics and fluid dynamics. This chapter focuses on these parts of modeling work in cold spray research. The discussion covers the objective, principal concepts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
.... Material removal is different for soft materials and hard materials. Soft materials suffer local plastic deformation and penetration. Babbitt, for example, becomes pitted with steep-sided pits that group together in patterns reflecting the fluid dynamics. Hard materials experience localized microcracking...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460017
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
.... The interdisciplinary science behind cold spraying includes topics from fluid dynamics, high-strain-rate mechanics, materials science, and engineering. In this chapter, materials science is primarily considered. This chapter reviews the current understanding of kinetic spraying for different materials, covering widely...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030349
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... when processes go awry and prompting remedial action before substantial damage occurs. Internal corrosion in natural gas pipelines is a complex phenomenon requiring thermodynamic, electrochemical, and fluid dynamic analyses and characterizations. Corrosion prediction and ICDA...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... as a measure of resistance to flow under an applied force, but it is quantified in the term dynamic viscosity as the ratio of the applied shear stress in the fluid to the rate of shear. Kinematic viscosity describes the flow of fluid due to the effects of gravity (the time for fluid to run out of a cup...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fec.t65940087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-302-7
... with either the formation of H + ions from H 2 molecules or the formation of H 2 molecules from H + ions; the metal substrate itself does not enter into the reaction. For a single half-cell reaction at equilibrium, a dynamic state exists in which charges move in equal numbers in each direction across...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aacppa.t51140001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-335-5
... of heat extraction, solidification rates, and means of compensating for solidification-related microstructural and macrostructural tendencies. Solidification: Engineered castings are susceptible to internal and superficial defects. The complex geometries of shaped castings, fluid dynamics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... when discussing the thermomechanical properties of both thermoplastic and thermosetting resin systems. Polymers are viscoelastic; that is, they respond to stress as if they were a combination of elastic solids and viscous fluids, but not always in a stable 50-50 proportion. The balance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... with liquid lubricants since all automobile owners deal with oil changes on their vehicles. The ultimate fluid film lubrication from the friction standpoint is hydrostatic lubrication; a machine component floats on a film of pressurized oil (or other fluid, like water as shown in Fig. 14.13 in Chapter 14...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030200
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., and pipelines. The following sections provide information on the factors influencing corrosivity of produced fluids and the methods of inhibitor application. The chapter discusses the primary causes of corrosion problems and inhibition in waterfloods and provides an overview of bacteria-induced corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030209
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... to the extremely hazardous nature of the fluids and gases processed in refineries, the safety and well being of both plant employees and the public are put at risk by corrosion. Catastrophic failures could result in severe damage to entire process units, neighboring communities, and the environment. In the United...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.9781627082563
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290009
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... depends on both technical aspects and cost advantages. References 1. Orme M. , Liu Q. , Courter J. , and Smith R. , Electrostatic Charging and Deflection of Nonconventional Droplet Streams Formed from Capillary Stream Breakup , Phys. Fluids , Vol 12 ( No. 9...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130521
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... m 3 /kg Surface tension newton per meter N/m Thermal conductivity watt per meter kelvin W/m · K Velocity meter per second m/s Viscosity, dynamic pascal second Pa · s Viscosity, kinematic square meter per second m 2 /s Volume cubic meter m 3 Wavenumber 1 per meter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.9781627082501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.stg2.t61280189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-267-9
..., fixturing, cutting and grinding fluids, and tooling modifications. broaching cutting tools drilling grinding superalloys turning Machining is used in the manufacture of superalloy parts...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., whether subject to static or dynamic loads. In contrast, at lower temperatures, and in the absence of a corrosive environment, the life of a component in static service is unlimited, if the operational loads do not exceed the yield strength of the metal. The principal types of elevated-temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... of friction , μ s , is usually somewhat greater than the dynamic or kinetic coefficient of friction , μ k . A body of weight W on a flat surface will begin to move when the surface is tilted to a certain angle termed the friction angle , θ, as defined in Fig. 1 . The static friction coefficient...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240279
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... melting temperature. During hot working, the strain-hardened and distorted grain structure produced by deformation is rapidly eliminated by the formation of new strain-free grains as a result of recrystallization. Dynamic recrystallization occurs during deformation, while static recrystallization occurs...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870063
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... due to fiber microbuckling. The matrix also provides the composite with toughness, damage tolerance, and impact and abrasion resistance. The properties of the matrix also determine the maximum usage temperature, resistance to moisture and fluids, and thermal and oxidative stability. Polymeric...