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flat products

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... Abstract This chapter discusses the rise of steel minimills in the late 1960s through the leadership of F. Kenneth Iverson and Gerald Heffernan. The discussion covers the development of processes for flat products, flanged beams, and railroad rails. The chapter also covers the growth...
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Published: 01 December 2006
Fig. 7.3 Assembly of the tool set for the production of solid sections with a flat die. Source: Ames More
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Published: 01 December 2006
Fig. 7.48 Flat die for the production of the solid AlMgSi0.5 section shown in front of the die. Source: Alusuisse More
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Published: 01 December 2006
Fig. 7.49 Flat die with integrated feeder chamber for the production of the solid AlMgSi0.5 heat exchanger section in front of the die. Source: Alusuisse More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... of closed-loop (zero discharge) processes in the pulp and paper industry, have increased the demand for stainless steels. The manufacturers of stainless steels have tended to specialize as either flat-product producers or long-product producers. Flat products include plate, sheet, strip, and foil...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120327
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... Abstract This appendix lists the weights of various grades of titanium in their original product form. It provides data on commercially pure and alloyed titanium in forms such as flat and rectangular bar, rounds and squares, billet, plate, sheet, pipe, and tube. It also includes conversion...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... and, especially, stainless products are flat products. These steels are formed by bending, roll forming, spinning, hydroforming, and deep drawing. Roll forming is most commonly used to produce welded pipe and tubing and is simply bending done in a continuous manner. Bending is a simple operation...
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 20 System for identifying the axes of test-piece orientation in various product forms. (a) Flat-rolled products. (b) Cylindrical sections. (c) Tubular products More
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Published: 01 April 2013
Fig. 11 System for identifying the axes of test-piece orientation in various product forms. (a) Flat rolled products. (b) Cylindrical sections. (c) Tubular products. Source: Ref 2 More
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Published: 01 December 2006
Fig. 7.63 Schematic production plan for the manufacture of a section extrusion die for the production of a flat aluminum alloy section. Source: Sauer More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220403
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... In general, the texture of a material is made of components. A component of a texture is defined by a given specific orientation, around which the various crystals align themselves. In the case of flat products, the crystallographic plane parallel to the rolling surface is normally used to specify...
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Published: 30 June 2023
Fig. 9.2 Range of applications for common alloy sheet products. Common alloy is a flat-rolled aluminum product used in countless consumer and industrial applications. It is typically made from a 1 xxx , 3 xxx , or 5 xxx series-alloy and ranges in thickness from less than 1 mm to more than 6 More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... for various types of rolled products. Cylindrical rolls produce flat products, such as sheet, plate, and strip, while grooved rolls produce rounds, squares, rectangles, and structural shapes. Figure 9.6 shows the most commonly used mill designs for rolling. Two-high (reversing and nonreversing...
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 22(a) Example of rectangular (flat) tensile test pieces per ASTM E 8.   Standard specimens, in. Subsize specimen, ¼ in. wide, in. Plate type, 1½ in. wide Sheet type, ½ in. wide G . gage Jength( a )( b ) 8.00 ± 0.01 2.00 ± 0.005 1.000 ± 0.003 W , width( c )( d More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... involves stretch flanging of a hole in the product. Higher hole flanges require a smaller punched hole diameter to provide the required additional material. Joggling Joggling is the process of making an offset in a flat plane by two parallel bends in opposite directions at the same angle ( Fig. 2.12...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the processes, procedures, and equipment used in the production of iron, steel, aluminum, and titanium alloys. It describes the design and operation of melting and refining furnaces, including blast furnaces, basic oxygen and electric arc furnaces, vacuum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130133
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... of defects during cold forging Cracking —Three factors combine to produce cracks: stress from thermal expansion and contraction, hydrogen, and a susceptible microstructure. Product underfill —poor flow, sufficient volume, and proper distribution Unbalanced forces —laps/lap fillin, nonhomogeneous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 June 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.atia.t59340117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-427-7
.... Similarly, some customers ask for flat sheet, rather than coil, as a final product. In this case, the supplier will process a coil through a cut-to-length (CTL) line that shears the coil into stacked sheet on pallets for shipment. The process of leveling the sheet to correct or improve flatness...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aet.t68260087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-336-2
..., and welding chamber configuration to get high productivity. Examples of hollow dies are shown in Fig. 15 – 20 . If the needed die is a solid, the designer can choose from flat-face, feeder plate, recess, and single-bearing type dies ( Fig. 9 – 13 ). For a single-opening die, design seems simple compared...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
... operation, the workpiece is still hot and can be finish forged under a hammer or press without reheating. For high-volume production, the reducer rolling operation is automated. The stock is gripped, fed into the rolls, transferred from one die segment to the other, and released on a conveyor using...