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flanged beams

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Published: 01 May 2018
FIG. 13.6 The ability to make large flanged beams created a new market for the minimills. Source: www.steeldynamics.com . More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250219
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... Abstract This chapter discusses the rise of steel minimills in the late 1960s through the leadership of F. Kenneth Iverson and Gerald Heffernan. The discussion covers the development of processes for flat products, flanged beams, and railroad rails. The chapter also covers the growth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... butt joint, weld ground In-plane bending Weld 11 Transverse butt welded I-beam, as-welded Bending Weld toe 11(G) Transverse butt welded I-beam, weld ground Bending Weld 12 Flange splice (unequal thickness), as-welded Bending Weld toe 12(G) Flange splice (unequal thickness), weld...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
..., such as a thin-wall tube or a flange of a channel or I-beam section. A vital fact must be recognized in considering a part that has buckled, or in preventing buckling: the load at which a component buckles does not depend on the strength of the material, but on the dimensions of the part and the modulus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400005
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... Abstract This chapter provides a concise, design-oriented summary of more than 30 sheet forming processes within the categories of bending and flanging, stretch forming, deep drawing, blank preparation, and incremental and hybrid forming. Each summary includes a description and diagram...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... device. [6] In one setup, shafts are fed to the machine by a horizontal conveyor or walking-beam device. Here they are picked up between centers and chucked into a four-station turret. The flange of a typical shaft is clamped in a three-fingered, rotating chuck, while the spline end is supported...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... electrochemical machining (ECM), chemical milling (CHM), and laser beam machining (LBM). Titanium once was perceived as a material that is difficult to machine. A broad base of titanium machining knowledge now exists, and manufacturers know that with proper procedures titanium can be fabricated using...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... to a final shape by a shaped punch ( Fig. 13.3 ). Draw beads control how much material from the flange is drawn into the die. Wrinkling of the finished part results if too much material is allowed to flow into the die. It should be emphasized that in stamping processes the sheet is not squeezed between...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200144
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... characteristics (S-N curves) for cast and wrought 8600 series steels, quenched and tempered to the same hardness, both notched and unnotched (19) . R.R. Moore rotating beam tests, K t = 2.2 Redesign from Fabrication Design Recommendations The results of the preceding section on testing materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500019
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... conditions. It describes the basic principles of air bending, stretch bending, and U- and V-die bending as well as rotary, roll, and wipe die bending, also known as straight flanging. It also discusses the steps involved in contour (stretch or shrink) flanging, hole flanging, and hemming and describes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.9781627083164
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
..., commonly formed for rein- forcement. (2) Stationary platen of a press to which the lower die assembly is attached. (3) Stationary part of the shear frame that sup- ports the material being sheared and the fixed blade. beaded flange A flange reinforced by a low ridge, used mostly around a hole. bellmouth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720393
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... with machined bars, some heat treated materials exhibit such low elongation that failure occurs prior to reaching 0.2% permanent deformation. Transverse Rupture Strength The transverse rupture test breaks a 31.8 by 12.7 by 6.4 mm (1.25 by 0.5 by 0.25 in.) test bar as a simple beam. The test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 1997
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.wip.t65930197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-359-1
... of service failures. The discussion covers various factors that may lead to the failure of arc welds, electroslag welds, electrogas welds, resistance welds, flash welds, upset butt welds, friction welds, electron beam welds, and laser beam welds. corrosion deformation fracture inspection mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
...-beam shear and tensile ring testing. Dick Young was one of the early leaders who filed key patents in this fledgling technology and then started his own company. His development work included filament-wound pipe nozzles and prototype RMCs. He licensed this technology to several other manufacturers...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060101
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... on drawability. In a drawing operation, metal in the flange must be drawn in without causing fracture in the wall. In this case, high n and m values strengthen the wall, which is beneficial, but they also strengthen the flange and make it harder to draw in, which is detrimental. <italic>R</italic> Value...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700215
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... for springback overbend allowance; at least 6° for DP 600, 8° for DP 800, and 10° or more for DP 1000. For steels with reduced stretch flangeability, minimize stretch flanges by design. Some AHSS have stretch flangeable grades and types that can be used for stretch flange applications. As steel strength...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... effect, where austenite to martensite transformation occurs during plastic deformation, is demonstrated in the drawing of a flanged cylindrical cup shown in Fig. 7.5 . The fraction of transformed austenite to martensite depends not only on the amount of strain but also on the deformation mode (plane...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110269
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... influencing the VC generation (capacitance, leakage, doping, and circuitry) is very helpful for successful failure localization. active voltage contrast failure localization focused ion beam passive voltage contrast scanning electron microscopy Introduction The common Passive Voltage...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... factors such as equipment costs, load factor, and applications for cutting thinner plates and nonferrous metals. Laser Beam Cutting Industrial lasers are used for drilling, heat treating, cladding, surfacing, and marking/etching. However, the greatest use of lasers is in metal cutting, primarily...