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flammability test

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) 44 Polyphenylene sulfide (PPS) 44–53 Polyvinylidene chloride (PVDC) 60 Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) 95 Polymers burn with increasing difficulty as LOI increases. Source: Ref 8 Flammability tests for plastics used in devices and appliances Table 3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... and the potential damage it can cause. It discusses the problems associated with moisture absorption and exposure to solvents, fuels, ultraviolet radiation, lightning strikes, thermal oxidation, and extreme temperatures. It also discusses the factors that influence flammability. References References 1...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
.... A Basic Metallography Laboratory A Full-Scale Metallographic Laboratory As with any laboratory containing toxic, flammable, corrosive, and explosive chemicals, as well as moving machinery, certain precautions are necessary to protect both the metallographer and the equipment. Some of the important...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... or for crystalline version. (b) T d = 500 °C (930 °F). R contains at least one aromatic ring. (c) Based on private communication, American Cyanamid Co. (d) Dry. Source: Ref 1 – 3 and product information sheets Water losses during temperature scans (thermogravimetric tests) Table 3 Water...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... of crystalline materials with sharp melting points. Unfilled polyamide (nylon) typically is self-extinguishing on some flammability tests because the portion that burns also melts, and the flaming portion drops away, leaving an extinguished remainder. However, with the addition of glass fiber, the ignited sample...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
..., polybutylene terephthalate; M-PPO, modified polyphenylene oxide Fig. 9 Fatigue-crack-propagation behavior. ABS, acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene; PC, polycarbonate; M-PPE, modified polyphenylene ether Fig. 6 Impact test methods exhibiting various states of stress (σ). (a) Tensile test...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.jub.t53290243
EISBN: 978-1-62708-306-5
... providing information on the theory of adhesion. The chapter then describes the considerations for designing adhesively bonded joints and for testing or characterizing adhesive materials. The following section covers the characteristics of the most important synthetic adhesive systems and five groups...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... . 10.1007/978-1-4615-8708-8 5. Szirmae A. , and Fisher R. M. : “ Specimen Damage During Cutting and Grinding, ” Am. Soc. Test Mater., Spec. Tech. Publ. 372 , 1964 , pp. 3 – 9 . 6. Wellner P. : “ Investigations on the Effect of the Cutting Operation on the Surface...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
...Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Table 2 Practical information derived from polymer analysis methods Test method Property Practical information provided Gel permeation chromatography (GPC) Weight-average molecular weight, M ¯ w...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Evaluation , McGraw-Hill , 2000 • Nondestructive Testing and Quality Control , Vol 17 , ASM Handbook , ASM International , 1989 Liquid penetrant inspection is a nondestructive method used to find discontinuities that are open to the surface of solid, essentially nonporous materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... 10.1201/9780203912225 Salazar M.A. , Hermes R. , and Margevicius R.W. , 1999 . Effects of Joining and Testing Parameters on the Adhesive Strength of Epoxy-Bonded Aluminum and Beryllium , Fusion Technol. , Vol 35 ( No. 3 ), p 119 – 122 10.13182/FST99-A11963913 Sharpe...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abrasion resistance … Increases … Flow processibility … Decreases Broadens Melt viscosity … Increases Narrows Copolymer content Decreases … … Physical properties of polypropylene Table 11 Physical properties of polypropylene Property Homopolymer Copolymer ASTM test...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... is the mass loss rate, A is a rate constant that depends on the heating rate and solids loading, Q is an activation energy that reflects the binder composition, and R is the gas constant. Most testing involves a constant heating rate, making time and temperature proportional to one another. A typical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780146
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.... In addition, dynamic mechanical testing has been used to show the rate of change in physical properties when polymers are exposed to aggressive environments ( Ref 17 ). Several reviews on the evaluation of such tests are available ( Ref 18 – 20 ). Environmental stress-cracking tests on bent, notched...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.9781627083195
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Four-ball wear scar diameter, mm (ASTM International D2266) 0.4 Dropping point, °C (°F) 271 (520) Weld point in four-ball extreme-pressure test, kgf (ASTM International D2596) 295 Load in Timken OK extreme-pressure test, lbf (ASTM International D2509) 41 Oxidation stability, kPa (psi...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... investigation took four years, and it concluded that a stray wire in the center wing fuel tank caused ignition of the flammable fuel/air mixture in the tank. However, eight years after the crash, independent investigations are still ongoing that dispute this conclusion. Some of these investigators contend...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180061
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... test data are wrong because the test was performed incorrectly. Can you tell when information is misleading or incorrect? Sometimes. Does it stop you from solving the puzzle or the failure investigation? Sometimes. This puzzle teaches us that you can get information that appears to be right, appears...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... quenches is that they are not flammable. A disadvantage of synthetic quenches is that the ingredients that are added to water tend to cling to the work, thus reducing their concentration over time. Therefore, it is mandatory that a synthetic quenching bath be analyzed frequently and replenished as required...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... corrosion resistance in boiling 50% ferric sulfate-50% sulfuric acid solution. (b) No cracking as determined by slow bending around a 5 mm (0.2 in.) mandrel Results of ASTM A 763, practice Z, tests on as-welded ferritic stainless steels with titanium or niobium Table 8 Results of ASTM A 763...