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flame spraying

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... relatively small workpieces heat treated on a production basis. Larger workpieces may not require quenching. In almost all instances, temperature-controlled water or a dilute polymer solution is used for spray quenching following flame heating. This is done for two reasons: spraying of oil presents a...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2016
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hpcspa.t54460001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-285-3
... Electric Aircraft Engines, Tubalcain Company, and Flame Spray Industries. In 1994, the NCMS group began supporting Dr. Papyrin to conduct a cold spray demonstration project at the University of Toledo. There, Papyrin set up the first cold spray system in the United States and conducted the first cold...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of powder, ceramic, rod, or wire. Since the surface of the part does not heat up appreciably during spraying as it does in welding overlay deposition, distortion during thermal spraying is minimal. The four principal thermal spraying processes are flame spraying, spray and fuse, plasma spraying, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480293
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... operations. The chapter also covers chemical and electrochemical machining processes as well as flame cutting. chemical shaping machining titanium titanium alloys THIS CHAPTER INTRODUCES the terminology of conventional and nonconventional machining processes and details general guidelines for...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... various steels respond to heat treatments, such as annealing, normalizing, spheroidizing, tempering, and direct and interrupted quenching, and surface-hardening processes, such as flame and induction hardening, carburizing, nitriding, and carbonitriding. It also addresses the issue of temper embrittlement...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... and quenching fixture, are used for long bars. Spinning methods, in which the workpiece is rotated within an array of torches, are often used for small rounds. In this method heating is performed first, then the flames are extinguished, and quenching is finally accomplished by water sprays or dropping...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... deposit thickness, mm Flame 3,000 40 8 10–15 10–15 2–6 1 0.1–15 Arc wire NA 100 12 10–20 10 12 2 0.1 to >50 High-velocity oxyfuel (Jet Kote) 3,000 800 >70 1–5 1–2 2–4 3 0.1 to >2 Detonation gun 4,000 800 >70 1–5 1–2 0.5 NA 0.05–0.3 Air plasma...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... excellent resistance to abrasion and good resistance to corrosion. Zirconia is widely used as a thermal barrier because of its low thermal conductivity. Chromium oxide coatings are used in a variety of wear-resistant applications (see Chapter 8 for details). Oxide coatings are usually applied by flame...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... axis and plane.) The degree of texturing may be affected by the standoff distance, since larger distances increase the chance of solidification prior to impact. More forceful impacts (higher plasma-jet velocities) will result in increased texturing. Dwell time in the plasma (or flame in flame spraying...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... specified additives such as pigments, flame retardants, stabilizers, and lubricants. These pellets are available in nearly all of the common injection-molding thermoplastics. Concentrates are similar to the glass fiber/resin prepelletized blends but have very high percentages of glass to resin, up to 80...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
...; rarely is there a sudden explosion or a violent burst of flame. Users and processors should be aware of areas where titanium dust may build up, and they should take action to prevent accumulations in tight areas. If a fire does occur, do not use water to douse the blaze. The best way to extinguish...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... inspection and quality assurance. The next section discusses the methods by which metals, and in some cases their alloys, can be applied to almost all other metals and alloys: electroplating, electroless plating, hot dipping, thermal spraying, cladding, pack cementation, vapor deposition, ion implantation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... characteristics of various weld overlay coatings Table 15 Compares the applications of thermal spraying, welding, and electroplating Table 16 Compares the process requirements in thermal spraying, welding, and electroplating Table 17 Compares the design characteristics of flame, arc wire, high...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... conduct lightning currents. Protective materials include arc or flame-sprayed metals, woven wire fabrics, expanded metal foils, aluminized fiberglass, nickel-plated aramid fiber, and metal-loaded paints. All of these coatings are applied to the exterior surface of a composite skin, and there should be...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270126
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... end. Figure CH26.1 shows the damaged nozzle. It had been exposed to flames resulting in burning and deposition of soot at the flange end and the atomizer end. At the atomizer end, the nozzle was found melted at the elbow bend and showed large blow holes formed during subsequent solidification of...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.piht2.t55050139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-311-9
... range without any problem from room temperature to over 100 °C (212 °F). When workpieces are immersed in oil, flames appear at the point of immersion. At that time the workpiece needs to be quickly, completely immersed in the oil bath so that the flame around the workpiece self-extinguishes. The...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... hydrolysis, may be a major factor in the degradation of condensation polymers such as polyesters, polyamides, and polycarbonates. Water can also attack the bonds between the polymer and an additive, such as a pigment, resulting in chalking. Rain can wash away any additives, such as flame retardants, that may...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870179
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... ). Aluminum flame- and arc-sprayed coatings exhibit excellent corrosion resistance for a minimum of 33 months. Zinc arc-sprayed coatings are less corrosion resistant than aluminum thermal-sprayed coatings. Zinc coatings protect the silicon carbide/aluminum substrate by zinc dissolution. Although zinc coatings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230131
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... are made by hot pressing. Discs 305 mm (12 in.) in diameter and 25.4 mm (1 in.) thick have already been produced, and larger parts are feasible. This technique is similar to that used in powder metallurgy. Flame spraying : In this technique, the powder is sprayed at a very high temperature onto a...