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flame hardening

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
..., precipitation-hardening, and duplex grades. The chapter also describes the heat treatment conditions that should be followed for processing of stainless steels. cast iron electron-beam hardening flame hardening induction hardening laser-beam hardening shell hardening steel CASE HARDENING...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., liquid nitriding, carbonitriding, and hardfacing. The chapter describes two surface hardening processes by localized heat treatment: flame hardening and induction hardening. It also briefly summarizes other surface hardening processes, namely, aluminizing, siliconizing, chromizing, titanium carbide...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.spsp2.t54410499
EISBN: 978-1-62708-265-5
... Mechanical components often require surface treatments to meet application demands. This chapter describes several surface hardening treatments for steel and their effect on microstructure, composition, and properties. It discusses flame hardening, induction heating, carburizing, nitriding...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... flame hardening have been largely superseded by automated flame techniques or by the induction method. However, for one-off machine parts, the simplicity of manual flame hardening and the extremely low capital investment ensure that the method is still used on a regular basis ( Ref 5 , 13 ). From...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140189
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... flame hardening or induction hardening. More sophisticated and expensive techniques involve heating the surface by laser beams or by electron beams ( Ref 17.2 ). Figure 17.1 presents a polished and etched cross section of a 2.5 cm (1 in.) diameter bar of 1045 steel that was induction hardened...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350087
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... Abstract This chapter discusses surface engineering treatments, including flame hardening, induction hardening, high-energy beam hardening, laser melting, and shot peening. It describes the basic implementation of each method, the materials for which they are suited, and their effect on surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... the composition of the surface layers by “diffusion” so that it either can be hardened or, in some instances, becomes hard during processing. The first approach is discussed in Chapter 9, “Flame and Induction Hardening.” This chapter is confined to the discussion of the second approach—hardening processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Abstract This chapter discusses the processes involved in the heat treatment of steel, namely austenitizing, hardening, quenching, and tempering. It begins with an overview of austenitizing of steels by induction heating, followed by a discussion on the processes involved in transformation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440207
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
... relieving, annealing, normalizing, surface hardening, quenching, martempering, austempering, and flame and induction hardening. annealing austempering carbon equivalent ductile cast iron flame hardening gray cast iron induction hardening malleable cast iron martempering normalizing quenching...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310331
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... Through hardening: heating, quenching, and tempering to provide the highest possible hardness and strength Surface hardening: flame, induction, or laser heating the surface of a casting to increase its wear resistance Most iron-casting producers would like to produce their castings...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740271
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... various steels respond to heat treatments, such as annealing, normalizing, spheroidizing, tempering, and direct and interrupted quenching, and surface-hardening processes, such as flame and induction hardening, carburizing, nitriding, and carbonitriding. It also addresses the issue of temper embrittlement...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... rates than convection, radiation, conduction, or even flame-impingement processes. Heat treating is a major application of induction heating, with surface hardening of steel and cast iron being the most prevalent use. However, induction heating is also applied to annealing, normalizing, through...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500317
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... dies for small parts due to the cost of pattern-making ( Ref 16.19 ). Wear and galling may limit the life of cast iron dies. To overcome this, selective (flame/laser) hardening, hard chrome plating, and/or adding inserts to high-wear areas are common. These inserts may be manufactured from tool...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smnm.t52140039
EISBN: 978-1-62708-264-8
... tensile stress experienced in the piece There are several ways to produce residual compressive stresses in steels. These involve heat treating and/or mechanical deformation. Consider first the heat treating technique called flame hardening. The surface of a piece of steel heats up much faster than...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.9781627083157
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310203
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
.... For oil quenching, 1095 steel may alternatively be austenitized in the range of 815 to 870 °C (1500 to 1600 °F). Mass effects on as-quenched hardness are given in Table 3 for various carbon steels. All medium- and high-carbon steels can also be surface hardened by induction or flame-hardening...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170021
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... 0.02 1.21 0.52 0.114 0.067 Cr-Mo 3.21 0.60 2.61 0.67 2.24 0.50 0.06 0.52 0.114 0.071 Cr-Ni-Mo 3.36 0.61 2.75 0.74 1.96 0.35 0.52 0.47 0.158 0.070 (a) TC, total carbon; CC, combined carbon; GC, graphite carbon. Flame hardening is a method of selective surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... used in tribological applications. It gets its hardness from its distorted or strained crystal lattice; it requires a very fast quench to get a 100% martensite structure with carbon steels. It is usually only possible with thin materials (e.g., knives) or by selective hardening treatments such as flame...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.9781627082617
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
.... 6.21 ). The conventional tooling material GGG70L with flame hardening resulted in a significant amount of wear. Uddeholm developed several tool materials manufactured by conventional ingot casting with or without electroslag melting, spray forming, or powder metallurgy for use in forming AHSS ( Ref...