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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Fig. 10.26 Chronology of the total area of the weld overlay applied to the waterwalls of coal-fired boilers (both subcritical and critical units) from early 1990s to 2001 as a function of the year of application for three major overlay alloys—Type 309, alloy 625, and alloy 622—by a weld overlay...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080321
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
...Analysis of deposits in terms of percent water soluble collected from the corrosion probe at metal temperatures of 475–675 °C (890–1250 °F) at 0.4% boiler oxygen in a utility boiler fired with fuel oil containing 2.65% S, 49 ppm V, and 44 ppm Na Table 11.1 Analysis of deposits in terms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... combustion boilers, oil- and gas-fired boilers, waste heat boilers, and black liquor recovery boilers. It also describes the operation and working principle of utility or power plant boilers, covering conventional subcritical and advanced supercritical types. black liquor recovery boilers electric...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080379
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... on a T-11 (1.25Cr-0.5Mo) tube in a supercritical coal-fired boiler. Courtesy of Welding Services Inc. Fig. 14.19 Preferential sulfidation penetration formed in waterwall steel tubes Fig. 14.20 Scanning electron (backscattered electron) image showing a circumferential groove formed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080437
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... temperatures, hydrogen atoms can be absorbed at the surface and then diffuse into the metal. Hydrogen atoms in the metal then react with iron carbide forming methane gas which can accumulate at grain boundaries and other interfaces. The chapter describes two applications, one in coal-fired boilers, the other...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract This chapter provides an outline of the failure modes and mechanisms associated with most boiler tube failures in coal-fired power plants. Primary categories include stress rupture failures, water-side corrosion, fire-side corrosion, fire-side erosion, fatigue, operation...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430314
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of ferrite, bainite and carbides, 100× Abstract Abstract Combustion byproducts such as soot, ash, and abrasive particulates can inflict significant damage to boiler tubes through the cumulative effect of erosion. This chapter examines the types of erosion that occur on the fire side of boiler...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... and refinery equipment. Finally, extensive discussion on the materials problems in coal-fired boilers, oil-fired boilers, waste-to-energy boilers, and black liquor recovery boilers is included. In summary, the subjects covered extensively in this book include: Oxidation Nitridation Carburization...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430290
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of Boilers and Related Equipment , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM Handbook, ASM International , 2002 , p 1709 – 1738 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816 6.28 Colannino J. , Prevent Boiler Tube Failures Part 1: Fire Side Mechanisms , Chemical Engineering Progress , Oct 1993...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... (1475 to 2050 °F) and gas velocities greater than 200 m/s (656 ft/s). In coal-fired boilers, it is well known that fly-ash erosion can be a serious problem for boiler tubes. When coal (which contains ash) is combusted in the lower furnace of the boiler, some of the ash drops out of the furnace from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... of Primary Superheater Tube of Coal-fired Boiler Background Details Investigation and Findings Dissimilar Metal Welds Failures Conclusions Case Study 11—Failure Investigation of a Low Temperature Superheater Tube Background Details Conclusions Investigation and Findings...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430376
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... Handbook, ASM International , 2002 , p 1709 – 1738 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816 6.2 French D. , Metallurgical Failures in Fossil Fired Boilers , John Wiley & Sons , January 1993 6.3 Šijački-Žeravčić, V. Bakic, G. Djukic, M. and Andjelic B. , Failures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... 1. Krause H.H. , Historical Perspective of Fireside Corrosion Problems in Refuse-Fired Boilers , Paper No. 200, Corrosion/93 , NACE , 1993 2. Sorell G. , The Role of Chlorine in High Temperature Corrosion in Waste-To-Energy Plants , Mater. High Temp. , Vol 14 ( No. 2/3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080359
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... fossil-fired boilers and WTE boilers discussed in previous chapters. The char bed generally consists of carbon, partially pyrolyzed black liquor solids, and molten and frozen smelt ( Ref 9 ). The characteristics of char beds are different for different furnace floor designs. The sloped (or inclined...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080003
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... a corrosion-resistant weld overlay instead of replacing it with a new construction. This approach has been adopted in the boiler industry in recent years to address the severe corrosion problems with the waterwalls of boilers in waste-to-energy boilers, coal-fired boilers, basic oxygen furnace hoods in steel...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... material or component is exposed to different temperatures at the same time. Rapid warm-up can result in damage of the refractory as well. Over-firing of the boiler is another issue that can lead to tube failures. Boilers are quite often run beyond their maximum continuous rated (MCR) capacity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.9781627083041
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... feedstock ( Ref 1 ), petrochemical processing ( Ref 2 ), fossil-fired boilers ( Ref 2 ), petroleum refining ( Ref 3 ), coal gasification ( Ref 4 , 5 ), waste incineration ( Ref 6 , 7 ), fluidized-bed coal combustion ( Ref 8 – 10 ), and oil-fired boilers. This chapter reviews corrosion data involving...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... and then through various cleaning devices. Fig. 5.1. Typical cross section of large drum-type utility boiler, showing major water- and steam-cooled tube circuits. The gas flow past the fire side of the boiler tubes originates in the waterwall section and ends with the economizer. The flow...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2