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fire response characteristics

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780159
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... methods are classified in two ways: by fire response characteristics and by particular applications of polymeric materials. fire resistance flammability test polymers A MATERIAL IS FLAMMABLE if it is subject to easy ignition and rapid flaming combustion. Combustion is defined as an oxidation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270053
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
... of sufficiently high standard to provide proof for the judiciary to justify penal and censure action for the violation of established laws and codes. Such high standards are necessary even in departmental inquiries, without the involvement of the judiciary, for fixing responsibilities. Most of the failures...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220315
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
.... In heating of steel billets to hot working temperatures in air using gas-fired furnaces, scaling often amounts to 2 to 4% of total part weight. At hardening temperatures, the amount of scale formation is somewhat less, around 1 to 2% for furnaces. In contrast, the shorter heating times characteristic...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.horfi.t51180001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-256-3
... be discovered that the inspection clerk was not properly trained to note reported hardness values when receiving materials. Changing a corporate culture to include better training and education is often difficult; many corporations are structured so that the people who are responsible for training do not have...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110513
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
... to the commutator contacts to suppress the “collector fire”, which consists of small high voltage spikes from the inductive response when the rotator form wound windings are switched. For financial reasons, these small capacitors now are missing in many electric motors of modern cars. If these motors send inductive...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... operations, such as heat treating, painting, electroplating, machining, or polishing. The idea of shaping an object from powder, using a transient binder phase followed by sintering, arose 25,000 years ago. Early objects were bricks and ceramic containers fired on charcoal fires. The fired bodies were...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780171
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... tested. The failure analysis team can instrument several output responses and perform an ANOVA on each to mitigate risk in this area. After the failure analysis team has identified the factors, selected the appropriate orthogonal array, determined the factor levels, and identified the output...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220047
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
...-generators, solid-state (static) inverters, spark-gap converters, and radio-frequency power supplies. The chapter discusses the design and characteristics of each of the various types of power supplies. frequency multipliers induction furnace power supplies induction generator induction heating...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
...% cold worked material above approximately 340 °C (640 °F). While all metals share important characteristics, metals can be divided into two main categories: ferrous and nonferrous, the two groups categorized by the presence and absence of iron, respectively. The remainder of this chapter discusses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060197
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... on hardenability and tempering response. It discusses the significance of critical temperatures, the use of transformation diagrams, and types of annealing treatments. It also provides information on heat treating furnaces, the effect of heating rate on transformation temperatures, quench and temper procedures...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490383
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
...Steam conditions for coal-fired plants in EPRI program phases 0, I, and II (based on <xref ref-type="bibr" rid="t60490383-ref10">Ref 10</xref>) Table 8.1. Steam conditions for coal-fired plants in EPRI program phases 0, I, and II (based on Ref 10 ) Program phase Pressure Temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.9781627082532
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
... stress-strain response at circumferential weld Fig. 10.18 Comparison of Damage Curve Approach with Linear Damage Rule Fig. 10.17 Cross section of a thin-walled pressure vessel at a circumferential weld. HAZ, heat-affected zone Fig. 10.20 Typical louvered-constructed...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.faesmch.t51270025
EISBN: 978-1-62708-301-0
..., and type of loading responsible for the failure are some of the important features revealed by microscopy. These details are extremely useful in determining the mechanism of failure of components. In the investigation of major failures where a machine or structure has broken into a multitude of pieces...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... 1. Krause H.H. , Historical Perspective of Fireside Corrosion Problems in Refuse-Fired Boilers , Paper No. 200, Corrosion/93 , NACE , 1993 2. Sorell G. , The Role of Chlorine in High Temperature Corrosion in Waste-To-Energy Plants , Mater. High Temp. , Vol 14 ( No. 2/3...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1989
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.dmlahtc.t60490183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-340-9
... corrosion Hydrogen damage Pitting (localized corrosion) Stress-corrosion cracking Fire-side corrosion Low temperature Waterwall Coal ash Oil ash Erosion Fly ash Falling slag Sootblower Coal particle Fatigue Vibration Thermal Corrosion Lack of quality...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
... corrosion, caustic gouging, and pitting External corrosion or fire-side corrosion: For example, waterwall fireside corrosion, superheater/reheater fireside corrosion, and acid dew point corrosion The process of oxidation of iron is known as rusting or corrosion . The interaction of steam...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... , ASM International , 2000 10.31399/asm.hb.v08.a0003257 17.11 NFPA 101: Life Safety Code, 2009 Edition , National Fire Protection Association, 2009 17.12 NFPA 1: Fire Code Handbook, 2009 Edition , National Fire Protection Association, 2009 17.13 ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htcma.t52080259
EISBN: 978-1-62708-304-1
... Fig. 10.26 Chronology of the total area of the weld overlay applied to the waterwalls of coal-fired boilers (both subcritical and critical units) from early 1990s to 2001 as a function of the year of application for three major overlay alloys—Type 309, alloy 625, and alloy 622—by a weld overlay...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... with a characteristic scorch pattern. Nonconsumable cutoff wheels use diamond particles bonded to a suitable disc material. Several types of blades are available that use either a resin or a metal bond to a metal core. Since these wheels become loaded with sample material, they must be dressed periodically during...