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fine grinding

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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 6.5 Photograph of a sacrificial hand vise used for rough and fine grinding the second face of the sample More
Image
Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 11 Exposed die is thinned with a fine diamond grinding bit. The die surface is removed as the tool traverses the surface. Water is dispensed and suctioned simultaneously to keep a clear view of the process. More
Image
Published: 01 December 2003
Fig. 7 Fine grinder for wet or dry grinding of metallographic specimens More
Image
Published: 01 June 2022
Figure 11 Surface finish after grinding steps. (a) Following P220 resin-bonded diamond disk grinding. (b) Following 9 μm fine grinding. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040030
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... the material, and in the extreme case may render the sample unusable. Figure 8 Poorly mounted samples. Note presence of bubbles in the epoxy and fallen samples. Specimen Grinding Planar and fine grinding play a major role in the preparation process and, therefore, these will be discussed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040055
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
...–9 μm diamond Fine grinding, 4–7 20–25 4.5–5.6 100–150 Comp No/lownap cloth Lapping oil or extending fluid 3 μm diamond Rough polishing, 1–3 20–30 4.5–6.7 100–150 Comp Synthetic suede Water (e) Colloidal silica Final polishing, 1–3 23–35 5.2–7.9 100–150 Contra (f...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.t56040076
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
... Recipe 1 sample preparation example Step Cloth Abrasive Lubricant Speed, RPM Force per sample, N Time, minutes Planar grinding MD Piano 120 Bonded diamond Water 300 30 3 Fine grinding I MD Piano 220 Bonded diamond Water 300 20 3 Polishing I MD Largo 9 μm diamond...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2022
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tstap.9781627084284
EISBN: 978-1-62708-428-4
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... 120-grit SiC paper, to a final thickness of 1 mm (0.04 in.). This is often time-consuming, depending on the original specimen thickness. Step 3: Mounting the Wafer in the Vise for Grinding the Second Surface Coarse and fine grinding is performed with the aid of a sacrificial hand vise ( Fig...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
.... However, because of their short useful life, as mentioned previously, SiC papers are one of the most expensive options for rough and fine grinding. Figure 3.9a , b ) show cross sections of 120-grit SiC paper before and after the grinding step of one mounted specimen. There is a significant reduction...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850060
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This chapter explains how to prepare metallographic samples for light microscopy and how to anticipate and avoid related problems. It describes standard practices and procedures for sectioning, mounting, grinding, and polishing and identifies common defects along with their causes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... Abstract This chapter explains how to safely prepare beryllium alloy samples for metallographic analysis. It describes grinding, polishing, and etching procedures in detail. It also discusses the identification of major and minor constituents and the general appearance of beryllium...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850552
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... of solution a above 10 parts dimethylformamide (inhibits oxidation) 93 mL H N 0 3 70 mL HF 17 mL water 30 mL acetic anhydride 30 mL acetic acid Comments Grind to 600-grit SiC. Use at 20°C for 30 s (Chia). Grind through 600-grit SiC. Use at 85-95°C for less than 1 min. Wash immediately in water (De Jong). Fine...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720161
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
.... The characteristics of a properly prepared specimen are: Deformation induced by sectioning, grinding, and polishing is removed or shallow enough to be removed by the etchant Coarse grinding scratches are removed; fine polishing scratches are tolerated in routine metallographic studies Pullout, pitting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... induces the precipitation of very fine coherent carbides, reduces the tetragonality of the martensite, and relieves to some degree both micro- and macroresidual stresses, all of which improve grindability. The propensity for a case-hardened surface to burn during grinding increases as the surface...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... surface. Fine pearlite (b) and martensitic (c) regions near the cut surface indicating heating due to the absence of water coolant. 4% picral etch. 500× Figure 7.10 shows a specimen of a cast high-carbon (2.3%), high-chromium (14.7%) steel ball used in a grinding mill. Figure 7.10(a) shows...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... the physical and mechanical properties of the workpiece material, very favorable compressive residual stresses in the hardened surface layer can be retained. How is it possible to assure a desirable surface and surface layer quality after induction hardening and fine grinding? Finding an answer...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.gmpm.t51250089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-345-4
... a comparison of steels for gear cutting. The operating principles of computer numerical control and hobbing machines are also covered. This is followed by sections that discuss the processes involved in grinding, honing, and lapping of gears. Finally, the chapter provides information on the superfinishing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... of scale and how it can be removed via belt grinding, abrasive blasting, and molten salt descaling baths. It also discusses the role of acid pickling, barrel finishing, polishing, and buffing as well as the use of chemical conversion coatings and protective platings. barrel finishing chemical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... processing techniques such as crushing, grinding, desliming, chemical activation, and flotation. Typical ores containing beryl, bertrandite, or phenacite are associated with quartz, calcite, muscovite, micas, feldspar, tourmaline, and others. To make the extraction of beryllium cost-efficient, these gangue...