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film thickness

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300335
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... or lubricate surfaces, including solid film, chemical conversion, and vacuum coatings, surface oiling and texturing, and lubricating platings. It compares and contrasts methods based on thickness and depth and their relative effect on friction, erosion, and wear. coatings friction and wear properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
..., and applications of conventional hydrostatic extrusion and thick film processes. This is followed by sections providing information on the special extrusion processes, namely conform process and cable sheathing. The chapter ends with a discussion on direct and indirect tube extrusion. aluminum alloys cable...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030169
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... in the anodizing bath. The degree of protection conferred to the surface depends on the thickness of the film, which may be 8 μm (0.3 mil) in the case of shiny automobile trim moldings, to 25 μm (1.0 mil) or more on the aluminum facade of a monumental building. These represent a thickening of the natural oxide...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230361
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
...-14945, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory , Livermore, CA Burt R.J. , Meyer S.F. , and Hsieh E.J. , 1980 . Radio Frequency Magnetron Sputtering of Thick Film Amorphous Beryllium , J. Vac. Sci. Technol. , Vol 17 ( No. 1 ), p 407 – 410 10.1116/1.570467 Castro...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... is the average shear stress (lower stress) at the lubricant pockets. This model explicitly formulates the real contact area ratio, α, related to τ a and the lubricant behavior related to τ b that is influenced by viscosity, pressure, sliding speed, and film thickness. If there is no lubricant at the tool...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
.... Oxide films are thicker and through optical interference can cause different colors. The films are formed thermally in a process known as heat tint . The color depends on oxide film thickness, which is a function of the time at a given temperature, well metal composition, and oxygen partial pressure...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfadr7.t91110153
EISBN: 978-1-62708-247-1
.... The RPM and viscosity of the liquid define the film thickness and therefor the desired index match. Typically a gold to light blue color film gives optimum results for NIR work. The coating is easily removed with solvents and reapplied as needed. The thickness of the coating is controlled...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
.... In industrial situations, liquid erosion can occur in pipelines when the fluid velocity produces enough tangential force on the metal surface to allow removal of protective films (passive layers) and metal is removed by corrosion. Thus, liquid erosion of metals can be conjoint with corrosion. Copper alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300391
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... be retained between rubbing surfaces to lower rubbing friction Thin-film lubricants: Solids applied at the atomic or molecular level to separate and lower friction between surfaces Liquid lubricants: Liquids with sufficient thickness and molecular properties to allow separation of rubbing surfaces...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... transition temperatures for the two toughened epoxy adhesives shown in Table 8.1 . The results of thick adherend testing of a number of epoxy film adhesives are given in Fig. 8.10 . In this series of tests, three different environmental conditions were evaluated: room temperature dry (RTD), elevated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780267
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Micrographs of oriented polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) films on the counterface. (a) PTFE transfer film on a glass slide. The film thickness varies between 50 and 500 nm, and sometimes it can show a lumpy feature when the sliding test is carried out at high loads. The film is highly birefringent, indicating...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910363
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... of compressed air cleanliness and surface preparation equipment Determination of surface preparation, cleanliness, and profile Witnessing coating mixing and thinning Inspection of application equipment Inspection of coating applications Determination of wet-film thickness Determination of dry...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ttg2.t61120123
EISBN: 978-1-62708-269-3
... can also be observed in reducing acid exposures involving severe corrosion attack. In reducing media, these are titanium hydride surface films that are typically on the order of 50 μm thick. Coupling titanium to dissimilar metals usually does not accelerate corrosion of the titanium except...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850165
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
..., producing variations in oxide thickness and characteristic colors. Interference colors are obtained once the film reaches a certain thickness, generally about 30 nm. Thinner oxide films are invisible without special examination methods. The colors produced by a film of suitable thickness are caused...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.secwr.t68350043
EISBN: 978-1-62708-315-7
... , Institute of Mechanical Engineers Conference: Lubrication and Wear , 1975 , p 655 – 659 11. Tucker R.C. Jr. , Plasma and Detonation Gun Deposition Techniques , Deposition Technologies for Films and Coatings , Bunshah R.F. et al. , Ed., Noyes Publications , 1982 , p 454 – 489...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cmp.t66770199
EISBN: 978-1-62708-337-9
... Abstract Mechanical treatments such as grinding and shot peening are often employed in the production of case-carburized parts. Grinding, besides restoring precision, removes carbide films, internal oxidation, and high-temperature transformation products. Shot peening strengthens component...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870307
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... is an exceptional corrosion inhibitor for aluminum; (2) titanium dioxide, which enhances durability and chemical resistance; and (3) fillers such as silica, which control viscosity and reduce cost. The part should be primed within 36 hours after sanding. The primer is applied to a dry film thickness of 0.0008...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870191
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
... and core), the conductivity of the corroding medium, film formation, and polarization. Fig. 7 Alloy 2024-T3 sheet clad with alloy 1230 (5% per side), solution heat treated. Normal amount of copper and magnesium diffusion from base metal into cladding (top). Keller’s reagent. 100× Fig. 8...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bcp.t52230441
EISBN: 978-1-62708-298-3
... in an organic solvent [ Snogren 1970 ]. It is applied following surface preparation and dries to a film thickness that can range from approximately 1.5 to 50 μm (60 μin. to 0.002 in.). One purpose of the film is to protect the surface from the environment, extending the life between surface preparation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
..., Cr 6 2C 3 ·5N 0.3 ; chromium nitride, (Cr 2 N) or [Cr, Fe(2N i … x )]; and Fe 2 N phases ( Ref 4 , 5 ). Typical case thicknesses range from 50 to 200 μm with a hardness between 750 and 900 HV. Like carburizing, the case depth of carbonitrided steel is dependent on both the carbonitriding diffusion...