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fiber-reinforced polymer

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Published: 01 December 2003
Fig. 22 Failure wear mechanisms of unidirectional fiber-reinforced polymer composites with different orientations of fibers with respect to sliding direction against a smooth metal surface. (a) Normal (N) aramid fibers (AF). (b) Parallel (P) carbon fibers (CF). (c) Wear reduction mechanism due More
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Published: 01 December 2003
Fig. 18 Failure wear mechanisms in fiber-reinforced polymers sliding with fibers in different orientations. (a) Normal orientation; (b) parallel orientation; (c) antiparallel orientation. 1, wear failure of matrix by microplowing, microcracking, and microcutting; microplowing; 2, sliding More
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Published: 01 December 2004
Fig. 5 Tensile test cryostat. The force-reaction posts have fiber-reinforced polymer composite stand-offs. More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract This article briefly reviews abrasive and adhesive wear failure of reinforced polymers and polymer composites, namely particulate-filled polymers, short-fiber-reinforced polymers, polymers with continuous fibers, and mixed reinforcements and fabrics. It includes scanning electron...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... Abstract This chapter presents the fundamentals of tensile testing of fiber-reinforced polymer composites. Basic tensile testing of polymer composites is divided into lamina and laminate testing. The chapter focuses on tensile testing of laminates. It discusses the most common tensile test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... principal groups of engineering materials: metals, ceramics, and polymers (including fiber-reinforced polymers). The chapter describes the factors that influence the selection of tensile testing procedures for low-temperature evaluation, along with a comparison of tensile and compression tests. It covers...
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Published: 01 August 2013
Fig. 16.2 Material production CO 2 emissions for steel and other alternate materials. GHG, greenhouse gas emissions; FRP, fiber-reinforced polymer. Source: Ref 16.3 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
..., resulting in changes in microstructure and properties. Composite conductivity, however, is not as homogeneous as in metals. In carbon-fiber-reinforced composites, the fibers are electrically conductive, but these are surrounded by an electrically insulating polymer matrix. As a result, the electrical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... The use of fiber-reinforced polymeric composite materials continues to increase throughout the world due to their unique performance attributes. These heterogeneous and anisotropic materials are commonly developed from carbon or glass fibers combined with a petroleum-based polymeric matrix. In recent...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... Abstract Transmitted-light methods reveal more details of the morphology of fiber-reinforced polymeric composites than are observable using any other available microscopy techniques. This chapter describes the various aspects relating to the selection and preparation of ultrathin-section...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ahsssta.t53700001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-279-2
... include aluminum and magnesium alloys. Nonmetallic lightweight materials are made of polymers and fiber reinforced polymer composites. The nonferrous and nonmetallic materials referred to have higher strength-to-weight ratios than HSS and could potentially be used for weight saving in automotive...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... Method for Transverse Tensile Properties of Hoop-Wound Polymer-Matrix Composite Cylinders ASTM D 7291/D 7291M-07 Standard Test Method for Through-Thickness “Flatwise” Tensile Strength and Elastic Modulus of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer-Matrix Composite Material Some ASTM standards for composite...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... microscopy. bright-field illumination contrast microscopy dark-field illumination fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites fluorescence microscopy Interference microscopy macrophotography polarized-light microscopy reflected-light microscopy When viewing a polished fiber-reinforced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... and stiffness, among other properties, in preferred directions and locations. This chapter discusses the processes and procedures used in the production of fiber-reinforced aluminum and titanium metal-matrix composites. It explains how the length and orientation of reinforcing fibers affect the properties...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., continuous fiber ceramic composites, and carbon-carbon composites. It also describes a number of ceramic-matrix composite processing methods, including cold pressing and sintering, hot pressing, reaction bonding, directed metal oxidation, and liquid, vapor, and polymer infiltration. ceramic-matrix...
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Published: 01 December 2003
, polytetrafluoroethylene; PBI, polybenzimidazole; CF, carbon fibers; gr, graphite. 1, neat polymers; 2, polymers + PTFE; 3, polymers + graphite/PTFE; 4, polymers + glass fibers (GF); 5, polymers + carbon fibers (CF); and 6, polymers + CF/GF + PTFE. (b) Influence of pressure × velocity ( PV ) factor on wear rate of fiber More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdsm.t69870325
EISBN: 978-1-62708-344-7
... and ceramic fiber-reinforced metal-matrix composites. bone cyclic loading ceramics fatigue crack growth fatigue modeling fatigue properties fatigue test polymers Introduction In this chapter we consider several classes of materials that are of special interest: polymers, bone, ceramics...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.9781627083492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
..., the use of fiber-reinforced composite materials is becoming more popular due to their high strength-to-weight ratio combined with easy manufacturing methods. Fiber-reinforced polymeric-matrix composites consist of reinforcing fibers and a polymer resin. The fibers are considered as the principal load...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... resistance, reduced shrinkage, improved dimensional stability, and higher temperature capability. Whereas normal polymers shrink about five percent, fiber-reinforced parts usually shrink one percent or less. A disadvantage of fiber reinforcement is lower ductility. In general, slightly higher injection...