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fiber-reinforced composites

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Abstract This chapter discusses the failure mechanisms associated with fiber-reinforced composites. It begins with a review of fiber-matrix systems and the stress-strain response of unidirectional lamina and both notched and unnotched composite laminate specimens. It then explains how cyclic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... Abstract This chapter presents the fundamentals of tensile testing of fiber-reinforced polymer composites. Basic tensile testing of polymer composites is divided into lamina and laminate testing. The chapter focuses on tensile testing of laminates. It discusses the most common tensile test...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.9781627083492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
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Published: 01 March 2006
Fig. 12.51 Various forms of fiber-reinforced composites. (a) Continuous fiber. (b) Woven fiber. (c) Chopped fiber. (d) Hybrid. Source: Ref 12.18 More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 5.14 Thermoplastic fiber-reinforced composite with the microcracks dyed using Magnaflux Spotcheck SKL-H. Dark-field illumination, 25× objective More
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Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 15.1 Photograph of a painted carbon-fiber-reinforced composite part surface after a zone 1A lab-induced lightning strike. Two cross sections were taken from this area after impregnation with a casting resin. The cross sections for microscopic analysis are labeled “A” and “B More
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses the properties and uses of fiber-reinforced composites. It also describes the effect of volume fraction and fiber length. fiber length fiber-reinforced composites WITH COMPOSITE MATERIALS, combinations of properties can be achieved that could...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., and performance-cost tradeoffs of common MMCs, including aluminum-matrix composites, titanium-matrix composites, and fiber-metal laminates. It also explains how fiber-reinforced composites and laminates are made, describing both continuous and discontinuous fiber matrix production processes. metal-matrix...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... on the formation of spherulites in high-temperature thermoplastic-matrix carbon-fiber-reinforced composites. It also describes the microstructural analysis of a bio-based thermosetting-matrix natural fiber composite system. durability microstructural analysis spherulites thermoplastic-matrix composites...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... Abstract The most common methods for preparing polymeric composites for microscopic analysis can be used for most fiber-reinforced composite materials. There are, however, a few composite materials that require special preparation techniques. This chapter discusses the processes involved...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
..., the use of fiber-reinforced composite materials is becoming more popular due to their high strength-to-weight ratio combined with easy manufacturing methods. Fiber-reinforced polymeric-matrix composites consist of reinforcing fibers and a polymer resin. The fibers are considered as the principal load...
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Published: 01 June 1983
Figure 2.20 Specific heat as a function of temperature for five composite materials. The true shapes of the fiber-reinforced composite curves are somewhat uncertain because of the widely spaced data points. The calculated values for the polystyrene foam are based on 98 wt.% polystyrene and 2 More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... double-pass impregnation fracture toughness single-pass impregnation thermoset-matrix composites toughening The performance of fiber-reinforced composite systems has evolved in response to new applications and designs. While there have been advances in fiber technology, the majority of new...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
..., resulting in changes in microstructure and properties. Composite conductivity, however, is not as homogeneous as in metals. In carbon-fiber-reinforced composites, the fibers are electrically conductive, but these are surrounded by an electrically insulating polymer matrix. As a result, the electrical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... Abstract As fiber-reinforced polymeric composites continue to be used in more damage-prone environments, it is necessary to understand the response of these materials when subjected to impact from foreign objects. This chapter provides an overview of the analysis methods for impact-damaged...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060223
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
... Abstract Fiber-reinforced metal-matrix composites have carved out a niche in applications requiring high strength to weight ratios, but they are susceptible to failure when exposed to high temperatures and cyclic loads. This chapter discusses the obstacles that must be overcome to improve...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... (chemicals), fatigue, excessive loading, and combinations of these environmental conditions ( Ref 1 ). The rate and extent of degradation is dependent on the matrix chemistry and fiber reinforcement ( Ref 2 , 3 ). The changes in chemical composition at the fiber-matrix interface and interphase region can...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... Abstract Transmitted-light methods reveal more details of the morphology of fiber-reinforced polymeric composites than are observable using any other available microscopy techniques. This chapter describes the various aspects relating to the selection and preparation of ultrathin-section...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... microscopy. bright-field illumination contrast microscopy dark-field illumination fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites fluorescence microscopy Interference microscopy macrophotography polarized-light microscopy reflected-light microscopy When viewing a polished fiber-reinforced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... Abstract Analyzing the structure of composite materials is essential for understanding how the part will perform in service. Assessing fiber volume variations, void content, ply orientation variability, and foreign object inclusions helps in preventing degradation of composite performance...