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fiber-metal laminates

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., and performance-cost tradeoffs of common MMCs, including aluminum-matrix composites, titanium-matrix composites, and fiber-metal laminates. It also explains how fiber-reinforced composites and laminates are made, describing both continuous and discontinuous fiber matrix production processes. metal-matrix...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... and processing characteristics of both aluminum and titanium composites. It also provides information on fiber-metal laminates and the use of different matrix metals and reinforcing materials. aluminum composites fiber-metal laminates metal-matrix composites titanium composites METAL-MATRIX...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... and slurry casting, liquid metal infiltration, spray deposition, powder metallurgy, extrusion, hot rolling, and forging. The chapter also provides information on continuous-fiber aluminum and titanium composites as well as particle-reinforced titanium and fiber metal (glass aluminum) laminates...
Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 15.13 Lightning strike damage in a carbon fiber composite laminate having metal foil on the surface for protection. (a) Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 4× objective. (b) Transmitted light (ultrathin section), circular polarized light, 4× objective. The impregnation outline More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... methods that have been standardized for fiber-reinforced composite materials. It also briefly reviews considerations in tensile testing of metal-matrix composites. fiber-reinforced composites laminates metal-matrix composites Poisson's ratio polymeric-matrix composites single-filament tensile...
Book Chapter

By M. B. Kasen
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... differ significantly from procedures used with laminated plastics. Reinforced-metal laminates are formed from the basic materials or from a tape product consisting of a uniaxial layer of fiber in the metal matrix. Low-pressure laminates are reinforced by high- or low-modulus fibers, with the modulus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... fatigue, those being matrix cracking, fiber breaking, crack coupling, delamination initiation, and delamination growth. The chapter describes each mechanism in detail along with related factors. It also discusses the primary differences between composites and metals, the effect of manufacturing defects...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
..., and orthotropic materials, the orientation of plies in unidirectional (lamina) and quasi-isotropic (laminate) lay-ups, and the dominant role of fibers in determining strength, stiffness, and other lamina properties. The chapter also compares the engineering attributes of composites with those of metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... important materials. Fiber-metal laminates, in particular glass-fiber-reinforced aluminum laminates, are another form of composite material that offers fatigue performance advantages over monolithic aluminum structure. Aluminum is the most commonly used metal as the matrix in discontinuously reinforced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Abstract This chapter discusses the failure mechanisms associated with fiber-reinforced composites. It begins with a review of fiber-matrix systems and the stress-strain response of unidirectional lamina and both notched and unnotched composite laminate specimens. It then explains how cyclic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... if placed in direct contact with more anodic metals (such as aluminum). Carbon and graphite fibers are available in a wide range of strength and stiffness, with strengths of 300 to1000 ksi (2000 to 7000 MPa) and moduli of 30 to 145 msi (4 to 21 GPa). With this wide range of properties, carbon fiber...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... laminate. Overall crack-growth direction is from left to right. 1000× Fig. 2 Mode I tension interlaminar fractures that propagated at various angles to the direction of fiber reinforcement. (a) Fracture between adjacent 0° and 90° plies. (b) Fracture between 45° and –45° plies. 2000×. Source...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... side of the laminate are underbled. To develop a better understanding of the interactions of the resin flow process, a mechanical analogy is presented in Fig. 7.13 . In this analogy, a laminate undergoing cure is simulated as a piston-spring-valve setup. The spring represents the fiber bed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... For the same number of cycles to failure, Kevlar 49/epoxy composites can operate at a significantly larger percentage of their static strength than glass fiber composites. Fiber-dominated laminates of aramid composites exhibit very little creep. In general, creep strain increases with increasing...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... the grips through shear to the test specimen without failing. Mechanical properties are usually reported in terms of the volume fraction of fibers or fiber volume percent. However, it is much easier to determine weights using laboratory analysis techniques. For example, a cured sample is first weighed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
.... ASTM D 2343 gives a test standard for glass-fiber strands that have (importantly) been impregnated with resin. There is a translation efficiency in proceeding from bare fiber to resin-impregnated fiber to composite laminate. Impregnating the fibers with resin before test provides a more realistic goal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... However, above about 60 percent, failure occurs by splitting because the transverse tensile strength becomes insufficient to prevent shear-out failures. The optimum bearing strength for a 0°, ± 45° laminate occurs with fiber orientations of about 50 percent, 0°; and 50 percent ± 45° plies. Because...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... can be applied to the exterior surfaces of composites to prevent electric field penetration and puncturing and to conduct lightning currents. Protective materials include arc or flame-sprayed metals, woven wire fabrics, expanded metal foils, aluminized fiberglass, nickel-plated aramid fiber, and metal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
...-light optical microscopy. Deeper under the damage zone, areas of matrix oxidation and microcracking were found in the composite plies. Fig. 15.13 Lightning strike damage in a carbon fiber composite laminate having metal foil on the surface for protection. (a) Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 4...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870421
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... but also to a unidirectional laminate in which the fiber direction (zero-degree or 90–degree) is the same in all of the plies. 16.3 Stress-Strain Relationships for a Single Ply Loaded Off-Axis to the Material Axes (θ ≠ 0° or 90°) The elastic constants for an angle ply or off-axis ply can...