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fiber-metal laminates

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., compositions, and performance-cost tradeoffs of common MMCs, including aluminum-matrix composites, titanium-matrix composites, and fiber-metal laminates. It also explains how fiber-reinforced composites and laminates are made, describing both continuous and discontinuous fiber matrix production processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... and processing characteristics of both aluminum and titanium composites. It also provides information on fiber-metal laminates and the use of different matrix metals and reinforcing materials. aluminum composites fiber-metal laminates metal-matrix composites titanium composites METAL-MATRIX...
Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 15.13 Lightning strike damage in a carbon fiber composite laminate having metal foil on the surface for protection. (a) Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 4× objective. (b) Transmitted light (ultrathin section), circular polarized light, 4× objective. The impregnation outline of the epoxy More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...) laminates. aluminum matrix composites chemical composition continuous metal matrix composites discontinuous metal matrix composites fiber metal laminates liquid metal infiltration slurry casting stir casting titanium matrix composites METAL MATRIX COMPOSITES (MMCs) offer a number...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060183
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... test methods that have been standardized for fiber-reinforced composite materials. It also briefly reviews considerations in tensile testing of metal-matrix composites. fiber-reinforced composites laminates metal-matrix composites Poisson's ratio polymeric-matrix composites single-filament...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
... of composite fatigue, those being matrix cracking, fiber breaking, crack coupling, delamination initiation, and delamination growth. The chapter describes each mechanism in detail along with related factors. It also discusses the primary differences between composites and metals, the effect of manufacturing...
Book Chapter

By M. B. Kasen
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
... differ significantly from procedures used with laminated plastics. Reinforced-metal laminates are formed from the basic materials or from a tape product consisting of a uniaxial layer of fiber in the metal matrix. Low-pressure laminates are reinforced by high- or low-modulus fibers, with the modulus...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
..., and orthotropic materials, the orientation of plies in unidirectional (lamina) and quasi-isotropic (laminate) lay-ups, and the dominant role of fibers in determining strength, stiffness, and other lamina properties. The chapter also compares the engineering attributes of composites with those of metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780417
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
.../epoxy (AS4/3501-6) composite laminate. Overall crack-growth direction is from left to right. 1000× Fig. 2 Mode I tension interlaminar fractures that propagated at various angles to the direction of fiber reinforcement. (a) Fracture between adjacent 0° and 90° plies. (b) Fracture between 45...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... if placed in direct contact with more anodic metals (such as aluminum). Carbon and graphite fibers are available in a wide range of strength and stiffness, with strengths of 300 to1000 ksi (2000 to 7000 MPa) and moduli of 30 to 145 msi (4 to 21 GPa). With this wide range of properties, carbon fiber...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... delamination fiber-reinforced ceramic-matrix composites fiber-reinforced metal-matrix composites fiber-reinforced polymer-matrix composites A COMPOSITE MATERIAL is a macroscopic combination of two or more distinct materials with a recognizable interface between them. The constituents retain...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...-axis matrix cracking, crack coupling, and delamination formation and growth. Compared with metals, the curves of the composite have a relatively high fatigue threshold, and the slope is relatively low due to the insensitivity of carbon fibers to fatigue. For practical laminates, the slope of the S - N...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870201
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... because (1) thick laminates usually drive thick tools that exhibit very slow heat-up rates and (2) thick laminate parts are often made in matched metal tools. In order to get the lay-up to fit within these tools, the plies, or ply packs, either have to be hot debulked if the material is a net resin...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... in. (2.5 or 5 cm) diameter disk is adhesively bonded to metal loading blocks, as shown in Fig. 13.14 . Although any laminate orientation can be used, a quasi-isotropic orientation is the most common. No instrumentation is used, and only the flatwise tension strength is reported. Photographs of the failed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860095
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
.... ASTM D 2343 gives a test standard for glass-fiber strands that have (importantly) been impregnated with resin. There is a translation efficiency in proceeding from bare fiber to resin-impregnated fiber to composite laminate. Impregnating the fibers with resin before test provides a more realistic goal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
.... As a result, the electrical current arcs between carbon fibers and damages the polymer-matrix resin, both within the composite laminate plies (intraply arcing) and between plies (interply arcing). To minimize damage from a lightning strike, metal foil, expanded metal foil (metal foil that is slit and drawn...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
.../density) of high-strength fiber composites, especially carbon, are higher than other comparable aerospace metallic alloys. This translates into greater weight savings, resulting in improved performance, greater payloads, longer range, and fuel savings. Composites do not corrode, and their fatigue...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870449
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... depend on the properties of the matrix, not of the fibers.) The exaggerated deformations in a composite laminate bonded to a metal adherend under tension loading are shown in Fig. 17.30 . The composite laminate tends to shear like a deck of cards. The adhesive passes the load from the metal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870401
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... can be applied to the exterior surfaces of composites to prevent electric field penetration and puncturing and to conduct lightning currents. Protective materials include arc or flame-sprayed metals, woven wire fabrics, expanded metal foils, aluminized fiberglass, nickel-plated aramid fiber, and metal...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., where the relatively weak matrix is loaded rather than the high-strength fibers. The low through-thickness strength of a typical composite laminate compared to aluminum is shown in Fig. 1.17 . Fig. 1.17 Through-thickness tensile strength comparison. Source: Ref 1.9 Metals normally have...