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fiber types

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpsfwea.t59300079
EISBN: 978-1-62708-323-2
... Abstract This chapter covers common types of erosion, including droplet, slurry, cavitation, liquid impingement, gas flow, and solid particle erosion, and major types of wear, including abrasive, adhesive, lubricated, rolling, and impact wear. It also covers special cases such as galling...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910193
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... significantly alter the response of the material in a given environment. This chapter provides a detailed account of all these types of corrosion affecting various industries, pointing out the connection between the characteristics of the corrosive environment that control corrosion behavior, the corrosion...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.caaa.t67870135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-299-0
.... Source: The Electrochemical Society Certain types of synthetic rubber have also been found to promote microbial growth ( Ref 43 , 44 ). This support of microbial growth by synthetic rubber was discovered in cases of microbiological corrosion on the military C-130 transport aircraft ( Ref 44...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., the matrix transmits loads from the matrix to the fibers through shear loading at the interface. In ceramic-matrix composites, the objective is usually to increase the toughness rather than the strength and stiffness, and a low-interfacial-strength bond is therefore desirable. The type and quantity...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... and stronger than the baseline/unreinforced matrix material. Because of the mechanical properties of the fibers, most composites maintain an elastic behavior in their stress-strain relationship. Many types of composite systems have been developed. Detailed descriptions of the fiber and the matrix materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... are restricted to thermoset resins, while others can accommodate both thermoset and thermoplastic resins. Although many different types of reinforcement can be used, E-glass fibers are the most predominant because of their relatively low cost, the availability of a large number of product forms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... , Carbon Fibers , ASM Handbook , Vol 21 , Composites , ASM International , 2001 10.31399/asm.hb.v21.a0009241 Before examining the various types of fibers used as composite reinforcements, the major terminology used for fiber technology will be reviewed. Fibers are produced and sold in many...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... Abstract This appendix lists the designations, commercial sources, and suppliers of different types of fibers and resins. composites fibers filament winding resins Designations by type are given for fibers in Table A1.1 and for resins in Table A1.2 . Table A1.1 Fiber...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... to degradation caused by weakening of the fiber-to-matrix interfacial bond. This generally occurs by chemical attack at the fiber surface. The degree of weakening depends on the matrix, the fiber coating, and the type of fiber. Weakening of the interface will result in significant loss in matrix-dominated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the types of fibers and matrix materials used in ceramic matrix composites and the role of interfacial coatings. It describes the methods used to produce ceramic composites, including powder processing, slurry infiltration and consolidation, polymer infiltration...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780295
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... Abstract In an attempt to explain the stresses encountered in the plastics industry, this article first defines the different types of internal stresses in amorphous polymers. Each type of thermal stress is then discussed in detail, with reference to the mechanism of generation and the effect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., aluminum oxide (Al 2 O 3 ), and refractory metals. Discontinuous reinforcements consist mainly of SiC in whisker (w) form, particulate (p) types of SiC, Al 2 O 3 , and titanium diboride (TiB 2 ), and short or chopped fibers (c) of Al 2 O 3 or graphite. A relative comparison of composite performance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... analyses of viscoelastic plastics are briefly described. The discussion covers the most commonly used tests for impact performance, various types of hardness test for plastics, the fatigue strength of viscoelastic materials, and the tension testing of elastomers and fibers. creep testing dynamic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Design decision Common trade-offs Typically lowest cost Typically highest performance Fiber type Cost, strength, stiffness, density (weight), impact strength, electrical conductivity, environmental stability, corrosion, thermal expansion E-glass Carbon Tow size (if carbon is selected) Cost...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780276
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... the abrasive and adhesive wear failure of: Particulate-filled polymers Short-fiber-reinforced polymers (SFRP) Polymers with continuous fibers Mixed reinforcements (either with fiber and filler, or with two types of fillers known as hybrid composites) and fabrics Each section discusses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
.... In this chapter the static, fatigue, and damage tolerance properties of glass, aramid, and carbon fiber systems will be examined. In addition, the effects of some important types of defects will be discussed. The details of environmental degradation on properties are further discussed in Chapter 15...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., and performance-cost tradeoffs of common MMCs, including aluminum-matrix composites, titanium-matrix composites, and fiber-metal laminates. It also explains how fiber-reinforced composites and laminates are made, describing both continuous and discontinuous fiber matrix production processes. metal-matrix...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... be subdivided according to the type of reinforcement shown in Fig. 20.1 . The reinforcement can be particulates (particles that are approximately equiaxed), high-strength single-crystal whiskers, short fibers that are usually random but can contain some degree of alignment, or long aligned multifilament...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550569
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... curves for monolithic ceramics and ceramic-matrix composites. Source: Ref 11.1 Fig. 11.3 Crack dissipation mechanisms. Source: Ref 11.1 Ceramic-matrix composites (CMCs) can be broadly classified into three types: discontinuously reinforced ceramic-matrix composites, continuous fiber...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... machine system and a vertical winding machine. The chapter provides information on in-plane (polar) winders and several types of creels, namely stationary and no twist, rotating, braking, and combinations thereof. Comprehensive descriptions of mandrel designs used in filament winding are presented in text...