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Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 1.3 Unidirectional carbon fiber composite cross sections displaying carbon fiber types of similar strength and modulus but differing in fiber shape. (a) Cylindrical carbon fiber shape. Bright-field illumination, 50× objective. (b) Irregular bean-shaped fibers. Bright-field illumination More
Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 7.5 Micrograph of a composite part made with two unidirectional carbon fiber prepreg materials having different thicknesses (areal weights) and fiber types. Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 10× objective More
Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 7.6 Cross section of a composite part made with glass fabric prepreg and two unidirectional carbon fiber prepreg materials having different thicknesses (areal weights) and fiber types. Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 10× objective More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030137
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... having different thicknesses (areal weights) and fiber types. Slightly uncrossed polarized light, 10× objective In some composite parts, the addition of material combinations may be used for improving characteristics such as damping, damage tolerance, wear and abrasion performance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... applications ( Fig. 1.2a to 1.2c ). Some fiber types may be the same chemical makeup and have similar mechanical properties but are vastly different in structure, depending on the manufacturer ( Fig. 1.3a , b ). Fig. 1.1 Composite cross sections. (a) Sheet molding compound made from carbon-black...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.9781627083492
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Matrix Composites” and “ Ceramic Matrix Composites ,” respectively. 2.1 Fiber Terminology Before examining the various types of fibers used as composite reinforcements, the major terminology used for fiber technology will be reviewed. Fibers are produced and sold in many forms. Fiber...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030089
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... composite specimen, there are many factors to consider. The composite constituents (such as matrix and fiber type), the capability of the microscope, and the type of information that is desired will play an important role in the analysis. As with all analyses of composite materials using an optical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030245
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... the type of lightning strike protection material on the surface (expanded foil or interwoven wire), the polymer matrix, the fiber type and volume, the lay-up of the composite, the thickness and characteristics of the surface paint layers, and the energy level of the lightning strike ( Ref 4...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870489
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...-offs Typically lowest cost Typically highest performance Fiber type Cost, strength, stiffness, density (weight), impact strength, electrical conductivity, environmental stability, corrosion, thermal expansion E-glass Carbon Tow size (if carbon is selected) Cost, fiber volume, improved...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... depends on the matrix, the fiber coating, and the type of fiber. Weakening of the interface will result in significant loss in matrix-dominated mechanical properties such as transverse tension, shear, and compression strength. Thus, environmental degradation is a significant concern for structural...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... 1 ). These composites may have one or multiple different fiber types, including carbon, glass, Kevlar (E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company), or polymer fibers. The matrix composition can also vary widely in morphology, hardness, and mechanical properties. There are, however, a few cases that require...
Book Chapter

By M. B. Kasen
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1983
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mlt.t62860413
EISBN: 978-1-62708-348-5
.... As one becomes more specific, the necessity to distinguish the various matrix types arises, and terms such as glass–epoxy or graphite–polyimide are used. Still more refinement is possible by referring to a particular reinforcement/matrix combination, for example, S glass/E-787 epoxy. Glass-fiber...
Image
Published: 01 September 2011
Fig. 2.11 Dip-type resin bath with fibers strung through the bath without resin More
Image
Published: 01 November 2010
Fig. 1.2 Composite materials made from different types of fibers. (a) Woven glass fiber fabric composite revealing a multiphase-matrix morphology. Ultrathin section, transmitted-light phase contrast, 20× objective. (b) Kevlar (E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company) fabric composite cross section More
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870573
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
...-S, has an even lower oxygen content (0.2 percent) and a larger grain size (21 to 200 nm) for enhanced creep resistance. Another SiC-type fiber with titanium carbide (TiC) in its structure is Tyranno, produced by Ube Industries. It contains two weight percent titanium to help inhibit grain growth...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... to verify the manufacturer’s claims. Table 9.3 shows the types and characteristics of fibers available today. Fiber characteristics for available inorganic and organic fibers Table 9.3 Fiber characteristics for available inorganic and organic fibers Fiber type Tensile modulus, 10 6 psi (GPa...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860149
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... Abstract This appendix lists the designations, commercial sources, and suppliers of different types of fibers and resins. composites fibers filament winding resins Designations by type are given for fibers in Table A1.1 and for resins in Table A1.2 . Fiber designations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... materials; they are generally categorized as voids that are due to volatiles (such as solvents, water) or voids that result from entrapped air. This chapter describes the analysis of various types of voids. It reviews techniques for analysis of voids at ply-drops, voids due to high fiber packing, and voids...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.omfrc.t53030067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-349-2
... and their effects on the bulk factor. The resin and fiber distribution information also provides a better understanding of the prepreg tack, drape, and unidirectional prepreg transverse integrity ( Ref 4 , 5 ). There are two methods that can be used for mounting prepreg materials. The type of mount is dictated...