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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910099
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... hydrogen embrittlement, hydrogen-induced blistering, high-temperature hydrogen attack, and hydride formation). All these forms are addressed in this chapter in the context of aqueous corrosion. For each form, a general description is provided along with information on the causes and the list of metals...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870285
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... are restricted to thermoset resins, while others can accommodate both thermoset and thermoplastic resins. Although many different types of reinforcement can be used, E-glass fibers are the most predominant because of their relatively low cost, the availability of a large number of product forms...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ffub.t53610377
EISBN: 978-1-62708-303-4
..., but often the cost increases as the diameter becomes smaller. In addition, smaller-diameter high-strength fibers have greater flexibility and are more amenable to fabrication processes such as weaving or forming over radii. Typical fibers include glass, aramid, and carbon, which may be continuous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfw.t52860049
EISBN: 978-1-62708-338-6
... Abstract This chapter outlines a method for mathematically describing fiber trajectories on a shell of revolution. After a short outline of the basic geometry of shells of revolution, the focus shifts to fiber trajectories and their characteristic metrics, angles, and vectors. Next, the chapter...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540319
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
..., as shown in Fig. 8.1(a) and (b) . The latter can be in the form of short fibers, whiskers, or particulates. Longitudinal fibers are used in both epoxy and metal-matrix composites. Whiskers and particulates are more often found in metal-matrix composites. The main advantage of discontinuously reinforced...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870031
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... Abstract This chapter discusses the properties and processing characteristics of glass, aramid, carbon, and ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene fibers and related product forms, including woven fabrics, prepreg, and reinforced mats. It also includes a review of fiber terminology as well...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730139
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter describes the processes, applications, and limitations of forming and shaping various materials. It discusses bulk forming, hot working, cold working, sheet forming, and polymer and powder processing. bulk forming cold working hot working polymer processing...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mfub.t53740163
EISBN: 978-1-62708-308-9
... 4140 modified Fe-0.4C-1.2Cr-0.2Mo-1Al Nonferrous alloys Zinc alloy (UNS Z35543) Zn-4Al-3Cu-0.06Mg Aluminum bronze (UNS C62500), 270 to 300 HB Cu-13Al-4Fe Nonmetals Polyester-glass 50% polyester, 50% glass in the form of cloth, strand, or chopped fibers Epoxy-glass 50% epoxy...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 April 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.bpapp.t59290251
EISBN: 978-1-62708-319-5
... plastics long ago demonstrated fiber alignment during extrusion. Fiber additions provide strength and are routinely employed in automotive plastics by using chopped glass fibers. Although not perfectly aligned, high strength results from fibers oriented by the forming step. For example, the conceptual...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Abstract Any forming process that converts stored energy to plastic deformation in less than a few milliseconds is considered a high-velocity or impulse forming process. This chapter discusses the operating principles, equipment, and applications of the most common high-rate forming processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., and high-temperature and corrosion behaviors are determined by the orientation, shape, and spacing of fibers, the number of plies, resin properties, and consolidation and forming methods. The chapter also covers secondary fabrication processes, such as thermoforming, machining, and joining, as well...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500107
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Abstract This chapter discusses the forming characteristics of dual-phase (DP) and transformation-induced plasticity (TRIP) steels. It begins with a review of the mechanical behavior of advanced high-strength steels (AHSS) and how they respond to stress-strain conditions associated...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... are the most widely used composite material. They are available in the widest variety of product forms, ranging from short chopped fibers that are randomly oriented within the matrix to unidirectional continuous fiber composites. The biggest advantage of glass fiber composites, especially those with E-glass...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500083
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Abstract This chapter describes the effect of temperature and strain rate on the mechanical properties and forming characteristics of aluminum and magnesium sheet materials. It discusses the key differences between isothermal and nonisothermal warm forming processes, the factors that affect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
..., aluminum oxide (Al 2 O 3 ), and refractory metals. Discontinuous reinforcements consist mainly of SiC in whisker (w) form, particulate (p) types of SiC, Al 2 O 3 , and titanium diboride (TiB 2 ), and short or chopped fibers (c) of Al 2 O 3 or graphite. A relative comparison of composite performance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2003
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cfap.t69780185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-281-5
... analyses of viscoelastic plastics are briefly described. The discussion covers the most commonly used tests for impact performance, various types of hardness test for plastics, the fatigue strength of viscoelastic materials, and the tension testing of elastomers and fibers. creep testing dynamic...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.scm.t52870537
EISBN: 978-1-62708-314-0
... or monofilament fibers. Fig. 20.1 Metal matrix composite reinforcements. Source: Ref 1 Discontinuous reinforcements consist mainly of silicon carbide (SiC) in whisker (w) form; particulate (p) types of SiC, alumina (Al 2 O 3 ), and titanium diboride (TiB 2 ); and short or chopped fibers (c) of Al...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mmfi.t69540373
EISBN: 978-1-62708-309-6
... Abstract This appendix presents a close-form solution to determine the stress distribution around a hole of any shape or size in a strip of any material of any width. It also compares the close-form equation to classical solutions and the results of finite element analysis, demonstrating near...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240607
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
..., and performance-cost tradeoffs of common MMCs, including aluminum-matrix composites, titanium-matrix composites, and fiber-metal laminates. It also explains how fiber-reinforced composites and laminates are made, describing both continuous and discontinuous fiber matrix production processes. metal-matrix...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730115
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... for furniture, boats, and sporting goods. The reinforcing material of composites may be in the form of fibers, particles, or sheet laminates. References 10.1 Hosford W.F. , Mechanical Behavior of Materials , Cambridge , 2005 10.1017/CBO9780511810930 10.2 Composites...