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ferrous alloys

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Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... Abstract A brittle fracture occurs at stresses below the material's yield strength (i.e., in the elastic range of the stress-strain diagram). This chapter focuses on brittle fracture in metals and, more specifically, ferrous alloys. It lists the factors that must all be present simultaneously...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310147
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... 2.5% silicon. As with other ferrous alloys, this is done to increase the fluidity of the melt to make it cast more effectively. Silicon has strong metallurgical effects, both beneficial and detrimental, which should be understood by the user of cast stainless steels. These are explained. A second...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030074
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... , 1990 2. Gleeson B. , High-Temperature Corrosion of Metallic Alloys and Coatings , Corrosion and Environmental Degradation , Vol II , Wiley-VCH , 2000 , p 173 10.1002/9783527619306.ch14 3. Rebak R.B. , Corrosion of Non-Ferrous Alloys, Part I: Nickel-, Cobalt-, Copper...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tpmpa.t54480075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-318-8
... the alloy content is low. However, this increase in strength is not as great as that achieved in ferrous alloys. Fig. 4.19 Heat treatment of beta-isomorphous alloys. Curves indicate the strength trends that occur through different heat treatments. The maximum strength obtainable from...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 31 December 2020
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.phtbp.t59310351
EISBN: 978-1-62708-326-3
... worked alloy or to relieve builtup strains in the cold-worked microstructure. Another basic type of anneal is the homogenization annealing of cast alloys, in which the as-cast microstructure is converted to a more uniform (homogenized) condition. Annealing is a common practice for all types of ferrous...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440231
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
.... Boyer H.E. , Chapter 12, Practical Heat Treating , 1st ed. , American Society for Metals , 1984 , p 209 – 220 Most metals and metal alloys (ferrous and nonferrous) respond to hardening from cold work. There is, however, a wide variation among the many metal and metal alloy combinations...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmub.t53550033
EISBN: 978-1-62708-307-2
... Abstract This chapter provides basic engineering information on aluminum alloys with an emphasis on their use in applications where weight is a significant design factor. It discusses the advantages and limitations of various types of aluminum along with their compositions, designations, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170528
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
..., solders in the tin-lead system are the most widely used of all joining materials. Lead and tin are also important alloy constituents in a number of ferrous and nonferrous alloys. Because lead is soft and ductile, it is normally used commercially as lead alloys. Antimony, tin, arsenic, and...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060385
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... fatigue into separate stages was based on early research with certain metals (such as aluminum alloys) that exhibited a distinct transition in the fatigue cracking of smooth specimens. During repetitive stressing of smooth specimens, fatigue cracks nucleated and coalesced by slip plane fracture, extending...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060333
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... built-up strains in the cold worked microstructure. Another basic type of anneal is the homogenization annealing of cast alloys, in which the as-cast microstructure is converted to a more uniform (homogenized) condition. Annealing is a common practice for all types of ferrous and nonferrous alloys...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2001
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aub.t61170457
EISBN: 978-1-62708-297-6
... welding ferrous metals. Lead, tellurium, sulfur, bismuth, and selenium are added to copper base metals to improve machinability. Free-cutting alloys containing such additions yield small, fragmented chips, making them well suited for highspeed machining operations...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2017
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sccmpe2.t55090135
EISBN: 978-1-62708-266-2
.... , Vol 20 , 1980 , p 243 10.1016/0010-938X(80)90134-1 5.25 Humphries T.S. and Nelson E.E. , “ Stress Corrosion Evaluation of Several Ferrous and Nickel Alloys ,” NASA Report TMX-64511 , April 1970 5.26 Speidel M.O. and Staehle R.W. , Ed., ARPA Contract M00014...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mgppis.t60400023
EISBN: 978-1-62708-258-7
... Abstract This chapter introduces the basic ferrous physical metallurgy principles that need to be understood by the metallographer. The discussion focuses on the variations in microstructures that are generated as a result of the phase transformations that occur during both heat treatment (as...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... damage, and reviews hydrogen degradation in specific ferrous and nonferrous alloys. The preeminent theories for hydrogen damage are based on pressure, surface adsorption, decohesion, enhanced plastic flow, hydrogen attack, and hydride formation. The specific alloys covered are iron-base, nickel, aluminum...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
... Abstract This chapter discusses the use of phase diagrams in alloy design, processing, and performance assessment. The examples cover both ferrous and nonferrous metals and a variety of goals and objectives. The chapter also identifies limitations and pitfalls associated with the use of phase...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ems.t53730069
EISBN: 978-1-62708-283-9
... Abstract This chapter discusses ferrous metals, including low-carbon steels, stainless steels, and cast irons. It also provides information on hardening and hardenability and the tempering process. hardening tempering ferrous metals hardenability Jominy end-quench testing WHILE...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720365
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... Abstract In forgings of both ferrous and nonferrous metals, the flaws that most often occur are caused by conditions that exist in the ingot, by subsequent hot working of the ingot or the billet, and by hot or cold working during forging. The inspection methods most commonly used to detect...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 September 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fahtsc.t51130395
EISBN: 978-1-62708-284-6
... graphite in the powder mix. Densification of PM compacts can be achieved in sintering. The degree of densification depends on the sintering parameters and the alloys involved. Generally, higher sintering temperatures and longer sintering times promote densification of ferrous sintered parts. For...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.emea.t52240547
EISBN: 978-1-62708-251-8
... of 358 °C (676 °F), and possess good electrical (25% IACS, or International Annealed Copper Standards and thermal conductivity (7.0 W/m · K, or 48 Btu · in./h · ft 2 · °F). Nickel is used principally as an alloying element to increase the corrosion resistance of ferrous and copper alloys, with only...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ex2.t69980567
EISBN: 978-1-62708-342-3
... alloys, molybdenum, niobium, tantalum, zirconium alloys, titanium, and titanium alloys. chemical composition extrusion ferrous alloys nonferrous alloys This appendix provides approximate compositions for metals and alloys in commonly extruded alloy families: Table 1 , aluminum alloys...