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exhaust system

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310225
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
...Alloys normally used for the major elements of automotive exhaust systems Table 1 Alloys normally used for the major elements of automotive exhaust systems Component Service temperature Requirements Alloys currently used, common name (related designation) °C °F Exhaust...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000185
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
.... With the improvement of corrosion-resistance properties, and three major automotive uses—antilock brake system sensor rings, exhaust system flanges, and oxygen sensor bosses—the market distribution of sintered stainless steels has shifted to an automotive preponderance, as is typical of the powder metallurgy (PM...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mnm2.t53060407
EISBN: 978-1-62708-261-7
... selection is for steels in an automotive exhaust system, which involves several material property requirements. Subsequent sections describe general characteristics in terms of physical properties, mechanical properties, and other factors. Fig. 17.5 Relationships among material properties, design...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 May 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.hma.t59250093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-287-7
... of Science and Industry in Chicago ( FIG. 7.7 ). Another interesting use was for automobiles built by the Ford Motor Company using Allegheny stainless steel ( FIG. 7.8 ). One of the main uses for stainless steel during the war was for aircraft exhaust systems and engine valves. Other uses included ship...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... exhaust systems, opening up what eventually became the largest single market for stainless steel. It was made possible by the very low carbon plus nitrogen levels the AOD process provided and the use of stabilization. Thus, 409 was an improvement on 405 in which aluminum performed a quasi stabilization...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630237
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
... are certain piping systems, pumps, rotors, propellers, nozzles, and the like, that experience high rates of fluid flow. Fig. 10 Severe localized erosion-corrosion of two gasoline-fueled engine exhaust valves made from a nickel-base superalloy operating between 1400 and 1500 °F. The exhaust gas damage...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
...-resistance characteristics. With continuing progress, and attendant with an increase in the compound growth rate of stainless steel powders to over 15%, the third automotive application followed in the 1990s: coupling flanges and sensor bosses in car exhaust systems. Requirements, in addition to general...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2007
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pmsspmp.t52000109
EISBN: 978-1-62708-312-6
... of Powder Metal Stainless Steel Materials for Exhaust System Applications ,” SAE Paper 980314, presented at SAE International Convention , Feb 1998 ( Detroit, MI ) 10.4271/980314 23. Albee T.R. , dePoutiloff P. , Ramsey G.L. , and Regan G.E. , “ Enhanced Powder Metal Materials...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smff.t53400073
EISBN: 978-1-62708-316-4
... be the room temperature or higher. The strain hardening characteristics of common stainless steels are shown in Fig. 6.6 . Type 409, a ferritic stainless steel, is mostly used in automotive exhaust systems. Austenitic types 304 and 304L are also used in exhaust systems, fuel tanks, chassis for buses...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030176
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
... in automobile exhaust systems. Duplex grades (containing approximately 50% austenite and 50% ferrite) and precipitation-hardening grades (mostly martensitic) are also available for higher strength applications. Stainless steels are used for consumer products; for machinery; in architecture; for military...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pdub.t53420289
EISBN: 978-1-62708-310-2
..., and developing new processing technology. In the area of performance, phase diagrams give an indication of which phases are thermodynamically stable in an alloy and can be expected to be present over a long time when the part is subjected to a particular temperature (e.g., in an automotive exhaust system...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cw.t51820077
EISBN: 978-1-62708-339-3
... resistance and good fabricability at low cost. Type 409, the most widely used ferritic stainless steel, has gained wide acceptance for use in automotive exhaust systems. The intermediate chromium (16 to 18% Cr) alloys include type 430, which resists mild oxidizing acids and organic acids and is used in food...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fibtca.t52430001
EISBN: 978-1-62708-253-2
...Abstract Abstract Boilers are engineered systems designed to convert the chemical energy in fuel into heat to generate hot water or steam. This chapter describes boiler applications and types, including firetube boilers, watertube boilers, electric boilers, packaged boilers, fluidized bed...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060111
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
... Lui G.-Y. Behling M.B. and Halford G.R. , Bithermal Low-Cycle Fatigue Evaluation of Automotive Exhaust System Alloy SS409 . Fatigue Fract of Eng. Mater. Struct ., Vol. 23 , 2000 , p 787 – 794 10.1046/j.1460-2695.2000.00310.x 6.30 Saltsman J.F. and Halford G.R...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2008
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ssde.t52310233
EISBN: 978-1-62708-286-0
... and the desirability of a low coefficient of thermal expansion. The preferred alloys are those developed for automotive exhaust systems, variations on 409 and 439. Flatware and cutlery were among the original uses of stainless. Stainless filled the gap between carbon steel, which was hard but whose rusting...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2000
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cub.t66910301
EISBN: 978-1-62708-250-1
... this impossible. Figure 15 shows situations in which surface cleaning and/or painting is difficult or impossible. Condensation in critical areas can also contribute to corrosion. Typical structures susceptible to this phenomenon include automobile exhaust systems and chimneys or exhausts from high-temperature...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2015
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.cpi2.t55030235
EISBN: 978-1-62708-282-2
..., and the site of attack is usually so localized and microscopic that it is not obvious to the unaided eye. Condensation in critical areas can contribute to corrosion. Typical structures susceptible to this phenomenon include automobile exhaust systems and chimneys or exhausts from high-temperature plants...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 July 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.fdmht.t52060173
EISBN: 978-1-62708-343-0
... M.B. and Halford G.R. , Bithermal Low-Cycle Fatigue Evaluation of Automotive Exhaust System Alloy SS409 , Fatigue Fract. Eng. Mater. Struct. , Vol 23 , 2000 , p 787 – 794 10.1046/j.1460-2695.2000.00310.x 8.21 Halford G.R. Hirschberg M.H. and Manson S.S...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 November 2010
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sap.t53000117
EISBN: 978-1-62708-313-3
..., shafts, supports, and other components Most widely used of all wrought superalloys. Creep-rupture strength up to 700 °C (1290 °F) Inconel 783 Rings, casings, shrouds, and seals for GTE compressors, turbines, and exhaust systems Relatively low CTE and high stress-assisted grain-boundary oxidation...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.uhcf3.t53630211
EISBN: 978-1-62708-270-9
.... Similarly, copper rivets in steel plate may be satisfactory, but steel rivets through copper plate will corrode rapidly in an electrolyte. In a closed system, it may be possible to use corrosion inhibitors in the electrolyte. This is the principle used in automotive engine antifreezes, for the cooling...