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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850533
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
.... www.asminternational.org APPENDIX B MACROETCHANTS BASED ON COPPER-CONTAINING COMPOUNDS FOR ETCHING OF IRON AND STEEL 533 o z I * u -J E a0 I 2S 3 1-t T f ^H f s (N iri i i n 88 8 S 8S I E 8 88 ~H 1/1 ll I I I ' " 1 3 m i l 3oc a a £ «e 2 a 2 5- GS 3 B Sl OO 1/3 P^ <J = £« M s« o o g JS u Co Bo i2i = £> -t -a jy O N oC...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1984
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-260-0
... Abstract This appendix is a list of etchants that are used to reveal dislocations in various metals, alloys, and compounds. dislocation etching etchants metals Metallography Principles and Practice George F. Vander Voort, p 712-731 DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.mpp.t67850712 Copyright © 1999...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 1999
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.lmcs.t66560453
EISBN: 978-1-62708-291-4
... Abstract This appendix provides information on the chemical composition, method of use, and applications of various etchants used in the metallography of carbon steels. chemical composition etchants etching Etchants are identified by an abbreviated form of their chemical...
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 11 Chemical etching method with FIB gas assisted planar etching More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 3-55 Example of grain-boundary etching without twin-boundary etching in AISI 304 austenitic stainless steel using Bell and Sonon’s 60% HNO 3 , aqueous etch, Pt cathode, and 0.6 V dc for 2 min (75 ×). More
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Published: 01 August 1999
Fig. 12.8 (Part 2) (e) Treated as for (b). The irregularly located dark-etching areas beneath the surface (arrows) are segregated regions differing slightly in M s temperature from the bulk of the material. 1% nital. 2×. (f) Austenitized, water quenched, tempered at 200 °C. Picral. 2×. More
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 11 Copper plane etched with Ga + only. The uneven etching is due to variation in copper grain orientations. Sample tilted relative to the beam to accentuate surface roughness. [19] More
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 12 Even copper etching using NH 4 OH that mitigates channeling effects on surface of SiO 2 . [19] More
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 18 SEM of an integrated circuit after wet etching down to the poly gate layer. More
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Published: 01 November 2019
Figure 5 An automated Jet Etching system used for regular chemical decapsulation More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-4 Hot-acid etching of this disc from a bearing steel billet revealed broken corners, a lap (upper left), several small seams, and freckle-type segregation. More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-5 Hot-acid etching of this 9-in square disc of AISI 4142 alloy steel revealed ingot pattern and inclusion pits. More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-6 Hot-acid etching of this disc from an AISI 4140 alloy steel billet revealed entrapped gas, heavy segregation, voids, and ingot pattern. More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-8 Hot-acid etching of this disc from an AISI 1050 billet revealed a “cokey” center, inclusion pits, and a dendritic pattern. More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-10 Hot-acid etching of this disc from an AISI 4145 modified alloy steel billet revealed hydrogen flakes. More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-12 a Hot-acid etching of a transverse disc from continuously cast AISI 1045 carbon steel revealed coarser dendrites at top compared to bottom, light center segregation, and halfway cracks. (Courtesy of M. Schmidt, Bethlehem Steel Corp.) More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-12 b Hot-acid etching of a longitudinal disc from the center of the disc shown in Fig. 1-12 a revealed the extent of the open center condition. (Courtesy of M. Schmidt, Bethlehem Steel Corp.) More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-13 Hot-acid etching of a transverse disc from continuously cast AISI 1008 carbon steel revealed a star-pattern open condition. (Courtesy of M. Schmidt, Bethlehem Steel Corp.) More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-14 Hot-acid etching of this transverse section of continuously cast AISI 4140 revealed a dendritic structure, center porosity, and a band (arrow) from induction stirring. (Courtesy of B. L. Bramfitt, Bethlehem Steel Corp.) More
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Published: 01 December 1984
Figure 1-15 Hot-acid etching of this disc from an electroslag-remelted tool steel billet revealed light freckle segregation and a faint, discontinuous ring pattern. (Courtesy of M. H. Lasonde, Bethlehem Steel Corp.) More