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equipment calibration

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Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.t53310119
EISBN: 978-1-62708-346-1
.... It presents the criteria that can be used to select a suitable hardness testing method for elastomers or plastics and describes processes involved in specimen preparation and equipment calibration. Barcol hardness test elastomers hardness testing plastics Shore durometer hardness test Hardness...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780141
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... completely removes whatever it is supposed to remove. Test solutions can contaminate products or result in an out-of-calibration condition if the test solution is contaminated. Chemical-concentration-monitoring equipment, for example, usually requires calibration with a test solution of known...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.t53310091
EISBN: 978-1-62708-346-1
... of hardness values determined by one method to equivalent values for a different method. electromagnetic impulse method equipment calibration hardening depth hardness reference blocks metals nondestructive methods photothermal method scratch hardness testing ultrasonic contact impedance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060065
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... stainless steel weights, each accurate to within ±0.25 lb. This machine, and six others of smaller capacities, are used to calibrate elastic calibrating devices, which in turn are employed to accurately calibrate other testing equipment. Elastic calibrating devices for verification of testing machines...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780075
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... data for the presence of failure causes hypothesized by the FMA&A, considering the same factors outlined previously. Calibration data: Equipment used for acceptance of product and materials should be calibrated to ensure that it is accurate. The failure analysis team should review calibration...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720345
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... method and in selecting from among the commercially available inspection equipment. The factors covered are product characteristics, nature of the flaws, extraneous variables, rate of inspection, end effect, mill versus laboratory inspection, specification requirements, equipment costs, and operating...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780081
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... analysis team should look for recent instrument or inspection equipment calibrations in areas that could have induced the failure. It is possible that if the calibration was erroneously performed, it allowed nonconforming material to reach a point where it could induce a failure. It is also possible...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2004
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.tt2.t51060239
EISBN: 978-1-62708-355-3
... Abstract This chapter details low-temperature test procedures and equipment. It discusses the role temperature plays in the properties of typical engineering materials. The effect that lowering the temperature of a solid has on the mechanical properties of a material is summarized for three...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 March 2006
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.pht2.t51440085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-262-4
..., ambient temperatures actually are measured by expansion or contraction of a column of fluid or of a metal (e.g., mercury). By means of calibration, these variables are converted to numerical temperature readings. These simple devices, however, are not suitable for the higher temperatures involved in most...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 February 2005
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.chffa.t51040059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-300-3
..., and the influence of equipment-related parameters such as press speed, contact time, and tooling geometries. forging heat transfer temperature 6.1 Introduction In metal forming processes, both plastic deformation and friction contribute to heat generation. Approximately 90 to 95% of the mechanical...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2012
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.smfpa.t53500227
EISBN: 978-1-62708-317-1
... Abstract Any forming process that converts stored energy to plastic deformation in less than a few milliseconds is considered a high-velocity or impulse forming process. This chapter discusses the operating principles, equipment, and applications of the most common high-rate forming processes...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 August 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.msisep.t59220667
EISBN: 978-1-62708-259-4
... performed in different laboratories has led to consolidating several concepts and guidelines mostly related to management systems and to testing methods in laboratories. ISO standard 17025 ( Ref 1 ) sets general requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories, regardless...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 November 2023
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.ceeg.t59370013
EISBN: 978-1-62708-447-5
... conveyors. Some equipment manufacturers use a rotating disc below the hopper for dosing bentonite and sea coal. Screw feeders are calibrated based on the weight transported per rotation of the screw feeder. Rotary encoders mounted on the screw shaft assist in calibration and control. Figure 2.9...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1995
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sch6.t68200220
EISBN: 978-1-62708-354-6
... and Test Equipment When quality assurance controls of measuring and test equipment are required, these items are calibrated at stated frequencies using standards that have been calibrated traceable to the National Bureau of Standards. Procedures are written to describe the calibration program...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.9781627083461
EISBN: 978-1-62708-346-1
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 April 2013
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.imub.t53720085
EISBN: 978-1-62708-305-8
... criteria to be considered are described and details of equipment setup provided. Brinell hardness testing microhardness testing Rockwell hardness testing Scleroscope hardness testing Vickers hardness testing THE TERM HARDNESS , as it is used in industry, may be defined as the ability...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 1988
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.eihdca.t65220143
EISBN: 978-1-62708-341-6
... temperature limit. The response during measurement is very fast. The readings are accurate if the instrument is properly calibrated and maintained. The service life of the equipment is indefinite. Insofar as disadvantages are concerned, radiation temperature detectors are expensive. Also...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2018
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.aceg.t68410253
EISBN: 978-1-62708-280-8
... modifications are engineered and verified. The Product–Process Flow Diagrams are developed to guide the selection of manufacturing equipment and layout of the facility. The process failure mode analysis (PFMEA) is developed and the control plans are generated. The part orientation in heat treatment...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2009
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.sfa.t52780093
EISBN: 978-1-62708-268-6
... nonconforming items to escape), or they may discover that the inspection equipment is overdue for calibration. In some cases, the failure analysis team may find that the drawing requires revision to correct poorly defined dimensions or missing dimensions. The failure analysis team’s quality-assurance...
Series: ASM Technical Books
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 October 2011
DOI: 10.31399/asm.tb.htpa.t53310067
EISBN: 978-1-62708-346-1
... the impacting sphere does not yet generate a remaining (plastic) indentation. Here is a numerical example: Methods to Measure the Deformation This group of test equipment comprises so-called impact hardness testing devices such as the Poldi hammer, the shearing force device, the Baumann hammer ( Fig...